Holocaust Meets Joli Hillman-Noy

  • Hitler writes Mein Kampf

  • Joli is born.

  • Nazi Party Forms

  • Hitler is elected as Chancellor

  • Concentration camps open.

    Henrich Himmler is chief of camps.
  • Nuremburg Laws created

    These laws stripped Jews of their rights and forced them to wear a Star of David.
  • Hitler refuses to shake the hand of Gold Medalist at Berlin Olympics.

  • Buchenwald Concentration Camp Opens

  • Joli's father and uncle establish a temple in their hometown.

  • Kristallnacht

    Nazi storm troopers break into homes and shops of Jews and arrest thousands.
  • Germany Invades Poland; WWII begins.

    Hitler begins "Final Solution" - sends Jews to death camps.
  • Period: to

    Joli is severely affected by the Holocaust.

  • Joli's town of Sighet was annexed.

    Her father was not allowed to run his business. Her friends would not sit by her at school.
  • France sends 17,000 Jews to camps.

  • Auschwitz Opens

    All ghettos were liquidated to Auschwitz.
  • Nazis send 60,000 Warsaw Jews to camps.

  • 46,000 Jews were gassed and burned every day at Auschwitz.

  • Joli was forced to move to a ghetto.

  • Joli and her family taken to Auschwitz-Birkenau.

    When Joli first arrives, her head and whole body are shaved. While there, the prisoners are fed very little food. She is forced to share a bunk with seven other people.
  • Joli, her mom, and her sister were transported to Christianstadt labor camp.

    The conditions at Christianstadt, though still not favorable, were much better than those at Auschwitz. Joli did tasks such as taking food inventory and working in the munitiions factory. At Christianstadt, she had experiences where people were kind to her.
  • Joli is evacuated from Christianstadt on a death march to Bergen-Belsen.

  • Auschwitz Liberated.

    Fewer than 5,000 remain alive.
  • Joli is liberated.

    Joli, her mother, and her sister were all alive at the time of liberation, but her mother and sister died very shortly because they were unable to recover.
  • Hitler commits suicide.

  • Germany surrenders unconditionally.

  • Joli and her husband Sam move to Cleveland, Ohio.

    There, they started their new life together. Sam died, Joli remarried, and she now has four grandchildren and lives in Israel.