History of the Thermometer

Timeline created by MSHSMeteorology
  • Galileo Thermoscope

    Galileo Thermoscope
    A thermoscope is a device that shows changed in temperature. A typical thermoscope design is a tube in which liquid rises or falls due to temperature changes. Galileo made the first known thermoscope around 1592. If you add a scale to a thermoscope it makes a thermometer.
  • Santorio Thermoscope

    Santorio Thermoscope
    Italian inventor, Santorio Santorio invented the thermoscope. Santorio was the first to apply a numerical scale to his thermoscope. The thermoscope was the invention that measured temperature and which later evolved into the thermometer.
  • Ferdinand II Thermometer

    Ferdinand II Thermometer
    This liquid-in-glass thermometer was invented by Ferdinand II, the Grand Duke of Tuscany, in 1654. He used alcohol filling in his thermometer. His thermometer was inaccurate as no standardized measurement scale was in use at the time.
  • Fahrenheit Scale

    Fahrenheit Scale
    A temperature scale that defines the freezing point of water as 32 degrees and the boiling point of water at 212 degrees.
  • Celsius Scale

    Celsius Scale
    A scale of temperature in which 0° represents the melting point of ice and 100° represents the boiling point of water.
  • Kelvin Scale

    Kelvin Scale
    A scale of temperature beginning at absolute zero. Each degree, or kelvin, represents the same temperature increment as one degree on the Celsius scale. On the Kelvin scale water freezes at 273.15 K and boils at 373.15 K.
  • Mouth (Oral) Thermometer

    Mouth (Oral) Thermometer
    An oral thermometer is a clinical thermometer that is placed under the tongue to show body temperature.
  • Medical Thermometer

    Medical Thermometer
    A thermometer used to measure body temperature, especially a small glass thermometer designed with a narrowing above the bulb so that the mercury column stays in position when the instrument is removed from the body.
  • Ear Thermometer

    Ear Thermometer
    A thermometer that registers body temperature from the ear canal. The ear thermometer was invented in 1964 by Dr. Theodor H. Benzinger.
  • Fahrenheit Thermometer

    Fahrenheit Thermometer
    Invented by Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit in 1714, the thermometer employing the Fahrenheit scale. The abbreviation 20°F should be read as ‘twenty degrees Fahrenheit’.