Len Kleinrock, Professor of Computer Science at UCLA, writes first paper on packet switching, "Information Flow in Large Communications Nets." Paper published in RLE Quarterly Progress Report.
Nodes and Links
Paul Baran writes, "On Distributed Communications Networks," first paper on using message blocks to send info across a decentralized networktopology(Nodes and Links)
First APRANet Node Installed
First ARPANet node installed at UCLA Network Measurement Center. Kleinrock hooked up the Interface Message Processor to a Sigma 7 Computer.
Alohanet, first packet radio network, operational at University of Hawaii.
First Basic E-Mail
First basic e-mail programs written by Ray Tomlinson at BBN for ARPANET: SNDMSG and READMAIL. "@" sign chosen for its "at" meaning.
First APRANet Intervnational
First ARPANET international connections to University College of London (England) and NORSAR (Norway).
. Intelreleases the 8080 processor.
Apple Computer founded by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak.
• Queen Elizabeth II sends out an e-mail.
. Vint Cerf joins ARPA as program manager.
IBM announces its first Personal Computer. Microsoft creates DOS.
Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh on January 24th.
Microsoft licenses technology from Spyglass to create Web browser for Windows 95.
Domain name tv.com sold to CNET for $15,000. Browser wars begin. Netscape and Microsoft two biggest players.
AOL buys Netscape; Andreesen steps down as full-time employee.
• Browsers wars declared over; Netscape and Microsoft share almost 100% of browser market.
• Microsoft declared a monopoly by US District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson.
•Shawn Fanning creates Napster, opening the possibilities of peer-to-peer file sharing and igniting a copyright war in the music industry.
Fixed wireless, high-speed Internet technology is now seen as a viable alternative to copper and fiber optic lines placed in the ground.
. The Dot-Com Bubble bursts. A majority of the dot-coms ceased trading after burning through their venture capital, often without ever making a net profit.
Alot of Websites
There are an estimated 92 million Web sites online
Google Inc. acquires YouTube for $1.65 billion in a stock-for-stock transaction.
Apple Goes Crazy
Apple surpasses one billion iTunes downloads
Most Valuable Global Brand
Search engine giant Google surpasses Microsoft as "the most valuable global brand," and also is the most visited Web site.