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History of the English Literature

  • 672

    The Ecclesiastical History of the English People

    The Ecclesiastical History of the English People
    Bede, a Benedictine Monk and teacher from Northumbria (672) writes his work "The Ecclesiastical History of the English People" around AD 731 where he poses his views on politics and religion and events at the time.
  • 950

    The Icelandic Eddas

    The Icelandic Eddas
    A collection of literary works that include the Prose Edda, and a collection of poems known as the Poetic Edda written in Iceland and containing writings dating back to the Viking Age.
  • 975

    Beowulf, The Old English Epic Poem

    Beowulf, The Old English Epic Poem
    Consider one of the best works of Old English literature, Beowulf tells the story of a hero, who fights to protect king Hrothgar's mead hall against a monster called Grendel.
  • 1240

    Occam's Razor

    Occam's Razor
    The Occam's Razor is a principle stating "We are to admit no more causes of natural things than such as are both true and sufficient to explain their appearances" Isaac Newton. Name after William of Ockham, (a Franciscan friar, theologian and philosopher) because of his frequent use of the principle
  • 1367

    William Langland's Piers Plowman

    William Langland's Piers Plowman
    An alliterative verse poem divided in "Visions" and "Passus" presumed to be written by William Langland of whom little is know, it is considered one of the best literary works of the middle ages.
  • 1375

    Sir Gawain and the Green Knight

    Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
    This is a romantic prose of Arthurian stories from the middle ages. It is written in alliterative verses. It tells the story of Sir Gawain, one of King Arthur's round table knights and his adventures involving the Green Knight
  • 1387

    The Canterbury Tales

    The Canterbury Tales
    A collection of 24 stories written by Geoffrey Chaucer around the 14th century, all styled in verse and prose. It tells the story of a group of pilgrims traveling from London to Canterbury to visit the shrine of Thomas Becket at Canterbury Cathedral.
  • 1469

    Le Morte d'Arthur

    Le Morte d'Arthur
    It is a prose first published by William Caxton, and whose writer is been a subject of debate.It tells the story of the rise of King Arthur, son of King Uther Pendragon and raised by a different family than his own, up to his tragic end.
  • 1526

    William Tyndell's Translation of the Bible

    William Tyndell's Translation of the Bible
    in 1526, the first complete English translation of the New Testament was completed by William Tyndale using the Greek and Hebrew texts. He was the first to use the printing press.
  • Tamburlaine the Great

    Tamburlaine the Great
    A play written by Christopher Marlowe in Elizabethan times where language is more vivid, fresh and interesting. It tells the story of Tamburlaine and Bajazeth, emperor of the Turks.
  • The Faerie Queene

    The Faerie Queene
    Written by the English poet Edmund Spenser, it is inspired by the then queen Elizabeth I.
  • William Shakespeare's Richard III

    William Shakespeare's Richard III
    It narrates the raise of King Richard III and the short reign of his machiavellian rule.
  • Hamlet by William Shakespeare

    Hamlet by William Shakespeare
    This is the most famous and celebrated of Shakespeare's play and his most performed. It was since inspired writers such as Charles Dickens and James Joyce.
  • The kings James Bible is Published

    The kings James Bible is Published
    By the instructions of King James VI the bible was revisited and translated in what is known until today as the King James Version of the Bible. At this stage the English Language was in its early modern shape.
  • Volpone

    Ben Jonson produces Volpone, a comedy play with elements of city comedy and beasts fable
  • Lycidas

    John Milton's Lycidas is published in memory of a Cambridge friend, Edward King
  • The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up In America

    The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America is the title of the work containing the poems of Massachusetts author Anne Bradstreet published in London.
  • Oroonoko

    Aphra Behn's novel Oroonoko makes an early protest against the inhumanity of the African
    slave trade
  • Human Understanding

    John Locke publishes his Essay concerning Human Understanding, arguing that all
    knowledge is based on experience
  • Rape of the Lock

    Rape of the Lock
    Alexander Pope writes this type of narrative, satiric poem in a new genre called Mock-Heroic which mocks the stereotypical heroes of literature.
  • Robinson Crusoe

    Robinson Crusoe
    This novel tells the story of a castaway who has to live for 28 years on a desert island with men who are in captivity, mutineers and cannibals. Written by Daniel Defoe and based on the life of a Scottish man named Alexander Selkirk while on an island near Chile.
  • Gilliver's Travels

    Gilliver's Travels
    Written by the Irish writer and clergyman Jonathan Swift, Gulliber's Travels is a satire of the typical traveler novels. Considered a satirical masterpiece.
  • Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard

    Poem written by Thomas Gray and published in 1751. It is a elegy on death.
  • The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman

    The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman
    A novel by Laurence Sterne pulbished in 1759.
  • Encyclopaedia Britannica

    Encyclopaedia Britannica
    Printed for the first time in 1768 in Edinburgh, Scotland, with just three volumes, The Encyclopaedia Britannica is still being published, although after 2011 it's available just online.
  • The decline of the Roman Empire

    The first volume of the book is published in 1776 by English historian Edward Gibbon
  • Age of Reason

    Thomas Paine publishes his completed Age of Reason, an attack on conventional
  • The Rime of the Ancient Mariner

    Samuel Taylor Coleridge's poem 'The Rime of the Ancient Mariner' is published in Lyrical
  • Frankenstein

    Frankenstein, or the modern Prometheus written by Mary Shelley is published. It's a Gothic tale about an artificial man who is giving life.
  • Ozymandias

    Percy Bysshe Shelley publishes probably his best-known poem, the sonnet Ozymandias
  • Oliver Twist

    Oliver Twist
    Charles Dickens' second novel is published, which centers on the live of an orphan named Oliver Twist. It exposes the cruel life of orphans at the time.
  • Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

    Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
    It tells the story of a young girl called Alice and her entrance to a world of fantasy through a rabbit hole.
  • The Hunting of the Snark

    The poem by Lewis Caroll is published. It centers around a quest searching for a mythical creature
  • The New English Dictionary

    The New English Dictionary
    Oxford University Press publishes the A volume of its New English Dictionary, which will
    take 37 years to reach Z
  • Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

    Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde
    Written by Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson, center around a legal practitioner from London.
  • The Importance of Being Earnest

    The Importance of Being Earnest
    Oscar Wilde writes this comedy which was performed at the St James's Theatre in London
  • The War of the Worlds

    The War of the Worlds
    Published in 1897 by author H. G. Wells, and it follows a conflict between mankind and an extraterrestrial race.
  • The Tale of Peter Rabbit

    The Tale of Peter Rabbit
    One of the best selling books of all time, The Tale of Peter Rabbit is a children's book written by Beatrix Potter for her governess' son, rejected many times until it was printed by Frederic Warne & co in 1902.
  • Just So Stories for Little Children

    Published in 1902 by Rudyard Kipling.
  • A High wind in Jamaica

    Richard Hughes publishes his first novel, A High Wind in Jamaica
  • Goodbye to All of That

    Goodbye to All of That
    in his autobiography, Robert Graves, an English writer talks about his dislike for England at the time.
  • The Waves by Virginia Woolf

    The Waves by Virginia Woolf
    The book is experimental and consists of soliloquies spoken by the book's six characters.
  • The Shape of Things to Come

    H.G. Wells publishes The Shape of Things to Come, a novel in which he accurately predicts a
    renewal of world war
  • I, Claudius by Robert Graves

    In I, Claudius the autobiography of the Roman emperor is ghost-written by Robert Graves
  • The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe

    The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe
    The first installment of seven novels known as The Chronicles of Narnia, written by C. S. Lewis and published in 1950 by Geoffrey Bless
  • Lord of the Flies

    Lord of the Flies
    William Golding writes this novel which focuses on a group of boys stranded on an uninhabited island.
  • The Hostage

    Irish dramatist Brendan Behan's play The Hostage is produced in Dublin
  • Billy Liar

    Billy Liar
    A novel by Keith Waterhouse, it tells the story of a William Fisher and his live with his parents in the fictional town of Stradhoughton in Yorkshire.
  • A Clockwork Orange

    A Clockwork Orange
    A satirical black comedy novel by Anthony Burgess, it centers on juvenile violence and behaviorism.
  • Charlie and the Chocolate Factory

    Roald Dahl publishes a fantasy treat for a starving child, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory
  • Midnight's Children

    Midnight's Children by Salman Rushdie is a novel of the magic realism genre and is centered around India's Independence
  • A Brief History Of Time

    A Brief History Of Time
    Stephen Hawking's A Brief History of Time: from the Big Bang to Black Holes is published in 1988. Written for common readers with no prior knowledge of physics or scientific theories.
  • The Satanic Verses

    Inspired by the life the prophet of Islam Muhammad, the Satanic Verses is a controversial novel using magical realism and based on real events of the time. The author
    Ayatollah Khomeini declares a fatwa against Salman Rushdie for his Satanic Verses
  • A Game Of Thrones

    A Game Of Thrones
    A Game of Thrones is the first novel in A Song of Ice and Fire, a series of fantasy novels by the American author George R. R. Martin. It was first published on August 1, 1996
  • Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone

    Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
    In 1997, the first book by author J. K. Rowling is published. It is about a young wizard called Harry potter and his adventures at the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. An international hit translated into more than 70 languages.