Libros biblioteca 620x413

English Literature History

  • Period: 450 to 1066

    Old English period

    In that period-Saxon texts, included many beautiful poems, telling tales of wild battles and heroic journeys. The oldest surviving text of Old English literature is “Cædmon's Hymn”, which was composed between 658 and 680, and the longest was the ongoing “Anglo-Saxon Chronicle”. But by far the best known is the long epic poem “Beowulf”. Recovered to
  • 731

    History of the English church and people (Book)

    The Venerable Bede, in his monastery at Jarrow, completes his history of the English church and people.
  • 800

    Beowulf writes

    Beowulf, the first great work of Germanic literature, mingles the legends of Scandinavia with the experience in England of Angles and Saxons.
  • 960

    The material of the Eddas, taking shape in Iceland, derives from earlier sources in Norway, Britain and Burgundy

  • Period: 1066 to 1500

    Middle English

    And it is during the Middle English period that we see the eventual disappearance of most of the earlier old English period inflections, and the increasing reliance on alternative means of expression, using word order and prepositional constructions rather than word endings to express meaning relationships. Recovered from
  • 1340

    William of Ockham advocates paring down arguments to their essentials, an approach later known as Ockham's Razor

  • 1367

    A narrator who calls himself Will, and whose name may be Langland, begins the epic poem of Piers Plowman

  • 1375

    The courtly poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight tells of a mysterious visitor to the round table of King Arthur

  • 1385

    Chaucer completes Troilus and Criseyde, his long poem about a legendary love affair in ancient Troy

  • 1469

    Thomas Malory, in gaol somewhere in England, compiles Morte d'Arthur – an English account of the French tales of King Arthur

  • 1487

    Chaucer begins an ambitious scheme for 100 Canterbury Tales, of which he completes only 24 by the time of his death

    Chaucer begins an ambitious scheme for 100 Canterbury Tales, of which he completes only 24 by the time of his death
  • Period: 1500 to

    English Renaissance

    The English Renaissance was a cultural and artistic movement in England dating from the late 15th to the early 17th century. It is associated with the pan-European Renaissance that is usually regarded as beginning in Italy in the late 14th century. Like most of northern Europe, England saw little of these developments until more than a century later. Recovered from
  • 1510

    Erasmus and Thomas More

    Erasmus and Thomas More take the northern Renaissance in the direction of Christian humanism
  • 1524

    William Tyndale

    William Tyndale studies in the university at Wittenberg and plans to translate the Bible into English
  • 1549

    Thomas Cranmer

    The first version of the English prayer book, or Book of Common Prayer, is published with text by Thomas Cranmer
  • Period: 1558 to

    Elizabethan period

    Its period is probably the most splendid age in the history of English literature, during which such writers as Sir Philip Sidney, Edmund Spenser, Roger Ascham, Richard Hooker, Christopher Marlowe, and William Shakespeare flourished. The epithet Elizabethan is merely a chronological reference and does not describe any special characteristic of the writing. Recovered from
  • 1564

    Shakespeare was born

    Shakespeare was born
    Marlowe and Shakespeare are born in the same year, with Marlowe the older by two months
  • Marlowe

    Tamburlaine the Great
  • Edmund Spenser

    The Faerie Queene
  • Shakespeare achieves his first masterpiece

    Shakespeare achieves his first masterpiece
    After tentative beginnings in the three parts of Henry VI, Shakespeare achieves his first masterpiece on stage with Richard III
  • Hamlet-Shakespeare

    Shakespeare's central character in Hamlet expresses both the ideals of the Renaissance and the disillusion of a less confident age
  • Period: to

    Jacobean period

    Jacobean literature was often dark in mood, questioning the stability of the social order; some of William Shakespeare’s greatest tragedies may date from the beginning of the period, and other dramatists, including John Webster, were often preoccupied with the problem of evil. The era’s comedy included the acid satire of Ben Jonson and the varied works of Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher. Recovered from
  • James I commissions / King's Men

    James I commissions / William Shakespeare's name appears among the actors in a list of the King's Men
  • Ben Jonson

    Ben Jonson
    The Masque of Blackness
  • Shakespeare's sonnets

    The Masque of Blackness
  • Shakespeare

    The Tempest
  • William Shakespeare dies / John Smith

    William Shakespeare dies at New Place, his home in Stratford-upon-Avon, and is buried in Holy Trinity Church / A Description of New England
  • John Donne

    John Donne Metaphysical poet, becomes dean of St Paul's
  • John Heminge and Henry Condell

    They publish thirty-six Shakespeare plays in the First Folio
  • Period: to

    Caroline period

    The Caroline period saw the flourishing of the cavalier poets (including Thomas Carew, Richard Lovelace, and John Suckling) and the metaphysical poets (including George Herbert, Henry Vaughan, Katherine Philips ), movements that produced figures like John Donne, Robert Herrick and John Milton. Recovered from
  • George Herbert

    George Herbert
    The Temple
  • John Milton

    Lycidas is published in memory of a Cambridge friend, Edward King
  • The poems of Massachusetts author Anne Bradstreet are published in London under the title The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America

    The poems of Massachusetts author Anne Bradstreet are published in London under the title The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America
  • Izaak Walton

    Izaak Walton
    The Compleat Angler
  • Period: to

    Puritan period

    The foundation of the literary culture of puritan was the English Bible
  • Period: to

    Restoration Age

    The Restoration period was, above all, a great age of drama. Heroic plays, influenced by principles of French Neoclassicism, enjoyed a vogue, but the age is chiefly remembered for its glittering, critical comedies of manners by such playwrights as George Etherege, William Wycherley, Sir John Vanbrugh, and William Congreve. Recovered from:
  • John Milton

    Paradise Lost
  • Samuel Pepys's diary

    Samuel Pepys ends his diary, after only writing it for nine years
  • Part I of The Pilgrim's Progress

    Part I of The Pilgrim's Progress, written during John Bunyan's two spells in Bedford Gaol, is published and is immediately popular
  • Aphra Behn

    Aphra Behn's novel Oroonoko makes an early protest against the inhumanity of the African slave trade
  • Period: to

    18th century period

    First: Augustan (1700-1750)
    Second: Age of sensibility (1750-1797)
  • The Augustan Age

    The Augustan Age begins in English literature, claiming comparison with the equivalent flowering under Augustus Caesar
  • The Tatler

    The Tatler launches a new style of journalism in Britain's coffee houses, followed two years later by the Spectator
  • 25-year-old George Berkeley attacks Locke in his Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge

  • Alexander Pope's Rape of the Lock introduces a delicate vein of mock-heroic in English poetry

  • Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, with its detailed realism, can be seen as the first English novel

  • Jonathan Swift sends his hero on a series of bitterly satirical travels in Gulliver's Travels

  • David Hume publishes his Treatise of Human Nature, in which he applies to the human mind the principles of experimental science

  • Samuel Richardson's Clarissa begins the correspondence that grows into the longest novel in the English language

  • Henry Fielding introduces a character of lasting appeal in the lusty but good-hearted Tom Jones

    Henry Fielding introduces a character of lasting appeal in the lusty but good-hearted Tom Jones
  • English poet Thomas Gray publishes his Elegy written in a Country Church Yard

  • Samuel Johnson publishes his magisterial Dictionary of the English Language

  • James Woodforde, an English country parson with a love of food and wine, begins a detailed diary of everyday life

  • Laurence Sterne publishes the first two volumes of Tristram Shandy, beginning with the scene at the hero's conception

  • English literature first enters the university in Scotland

  • Fingal, supposedly by the medieval poet Ossian, is a forgery in the spirit of the times by James MacPherson

  • James Boswell meets Samuel Johnson for the first time, in the London bookshop of Thomas Davies

  • English author Horace Walpole provides an early taste of Gothic thrills in his novel Castle of Otranto

  • A Society of Gentlemen in Scotland begins publication of the immensely successful Encyclopaedia Britannica

  • Scottish economist Adam Smith analyzes the nature and causes of the Wealth of Nations

  • Richard Brinsley Sheridan's second play, The School for Scandal, is an immediate success in London's Drury Lane theatre

    Richard Brinsley Sheridan's second play, The School for Scandal, is an immediate success in London's Drury Lane theatre
  • William Blake publishes Songs of Innocence, a volume of his poems with every page etched and illustrated by himself

  • Anglo-Irish politician Edmund Burke publishes Reflections on the Revolution in France, a blistering attack on recent events across the Channel

  • Scottish poet Robert Burns publishes Tam o' Shanter, in which a drunken farmer has an alarming encounter with witches

    Scottish poet Robert Burns publishes Tam o' Shanter, in which a drunken farmer has an alarming encounter with witches
  • English author Mary Wollstonecraft publishes a passionately feminist work, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

  • William Blake's volume Songs of Innocence and Experience includes his poem 'Tyger! Tyger! burning bright'

  • Thomas Paine publishes his completed Age of Reason, an attack on conventional Christianity

  • Wordsworth and Coleridge / Robert Burns / Samuel Taylor

    Lyrical Ballads / Tam o' Shanter / 'The Rime of the Ancient Ma
  • Period: to


    The most notable feature of the poetry of the time is the new role of individual thought and personal feeling. Where the main trend of 18th-century poetics had been to praise the general, to see the poet as a spokesman of society addressing a cultivated and homogeneous audience and having as his end the conveyance of “truth,” the Romantics found the source of poetry in the particular, unique experience. Recovered f:
  • Period: to

    English Literature in the nineteenth- century

    English Literature in the nineteenth- century universities became instead a way of connecting yourself to the past. It allowed students to understand themselves as the inheritors of an English national identity that was embodied in the nation’s literature
  • Walter Scott publishes The Lay of the Last Minstrel, the long romantic poem that first brings him fame

  • English author Jane Austen publishes her first work in print, Sense and Sensibility, at her own expense

  • Percy Bysshe Shelley publishes probably his best-known poem, the sonnet Ozymandias

    Mary Shelley publishes Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus, a Gothic tale about giving life to an artificial man
  • Walter Scott publishes Ivanhoe, a tale of love, tournaments and sieges at the time of the crusades

  • English author Thomas De Quincey publishes his autobiographical Confessions of an English Opium-Eater

    English poet John Keats dies in Rome at the age of twenty-five English radical William Cobbett begins his journeys round England, published in 1830 as Rural Rides English author William Hazlitt publishes Table Talk, a two-volume collection that includes most of his best-known essays
  • University College London began teaching in 1828 and included on its staff Britain’s first ‘Professor of English Language and Literature

    University College London began teaching in 1828 and included on its staff Britain’s first ‘Professor of English Language and Literature
  • Period: to

    Ireland and Wales, and these usually had a professor of English Literature as well

    As the nineteenth century continued, more new universities were founded in other cities across England, Ireland and Wales, and these usually had a professor of English Literature as well.
  • 24-year-old Charles Dickens begins monthly publication of his first work of fiction, Pickwick Papers (published in book form in 1837)

  • Charles Dickens' first novel, Oliver Twist, begins monthly publication (in book form, 1838)

    Charles Dickens' first novel, Oliver Twist, begins monthly publication (in book form, 1838)
  • Period: to

    Vuctorian perdiod

    Though the Victorian Age produced two great poets Alfred Lord Tennyson and Robert Browning, the age is also remarkable for the excellence of its prose.
    Victorian novels tend to be idealized portraits of difficult lives in which hard work, perseverance, love, and luck win out in the end. They were usually inclined towards being of improving nature with a central moral lesson at heart.Recovered
  • English poet Robert Browning publishes a vivid narrative poem about the terrible revenge of The Pied Piper of Hamelin

    English author Thomas Babington Macaulay publishes a collection of stirring ballads, Lays of Ancient Rome
  • Ebenezer Scrooge mends his ways just in time in Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol

  • In his novel Coningsby Benjamin Disraeli develops the theme of Conservatism uniting 'two nations', the rich and the poor

  • Friedrich Engels, after running a textile factory in Manchester, publishes The Condition of the Working Class in England

  • Edward Lear publishes his Book of Nonsense, consisting of limericks illustrated with his own cartoons

    The three Brontë sisters jointly publish a volume of their poems and sell just two copies
  • English author William Makepeace Thackeray begins publication of his novel Vanity Fair in monthly parts (book form 1848)

    Charlotte becomes the first of the Brontë sisters to have a novel published — Jane Eyre Emily Brontë's novel Wuthering Heights follows just two months after her sister Charlotte's Jane Eyre
  • Charles Dickens begins the publication in monthly numbers of David Copperfield, his own favorite among his novels

  • Alfred Tennyson's elegy for a friend, In Memoriam, captures perfectly the Victorian mood of heightened sensibility

  • London physician Peter Mark Roget publishes his dictionary of synonyms, the Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases

  • Within six weeks of the Charge of the Light Brigade in the Crimea, Tennyson publishes a poem finding heroism in the disaster

  • Tennyson publishes a long narrative poem, Maud, a section of which ('Come into the garden, Maud') becomes famous as a song

    English author Anthony Trollope publishes The Warden, the first in his series of six Barsetshire novels
  • Charles Darwin puts forward the theory of evolution in On the Origin of Species, the result of 20 years' research

    Samuel Smiles provides an inspiring ideal of Victorian enterprise in Self-Help, a manual for ambitious young men Tennyson publishes the first part of Idylls of the King, a series of linked poems about Britain's mythical king Arthur Charles Dickens publishes his French Revolution novel, A Tale of Two Cities Edward FitzGerald publishes The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám, romantic translations of the work of the Persian poet
  • English author George Eliot wins fame with her first full-length novel, Adam Bede

    English author George Eliot wins fame with her first full-length novel, Adam Bede
  • Charles Dickens begins serial publication of his novel "Great Expectations" (in book form 1861)

    George Eliot publishes The Mill on the Floss, her novel about the childhood of Maggie and Tom Tulliver
  • Mrs Henry Wood publishes her first novel, East Lynne, which becomes the basis of the most popular of all Victorian melodramas

  • Glasgow University

    Glasgow University has its first professor of English literature.
  • English author Charles Kingsley publishes an improving fantasy for young children, The Water-Babies

  • Lewis Carroll publishes Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, a development of the story he had told Alice Liddell three years earlier

  • Algernon Swinburne scandalizes Victorian Britain with his first collection, Poems and Ballads

  • Trinity College Dublin / Marx

    Trinity College Dublin has its first professor of English literature / The first volume of Das Kapital is completed by Marx in London and is published in Hamburg
  • English author Matthew Arnold publishes Culture and Anarchy, an influential collection of essays about contemporary society

  • George Eliot publishes Middlemarch, in which Dorothea makes a disastrous marriage to the pedantic Edward Casaubon

  • Lewis Carroll publishes Through the Looking Glass, a second story of Alice's adventures

  • English author Thomas Hardy has his first success with his novel Far from the Madding Crowd

  • Henry James's early novel Roderick Hudson is serialized in the Atlantic Monthly and is published in book form in

    William Gladstone's pamphlet Bulgarian Horrors, protesting at massacre by the Turks, sells 200,000 copies within a month Henry James moves to London, which remains his home for the next 22 years English poet Gerard Manley Hopkins develops a new verse form that he calls 'sprung rhythm'
    Lewis Carroll publishes The Hunting of the Snark, a poem about a voyage in search of an elusive mythical creature
  • Cambridge University

    Cambridge University established an examination board in ‘Medieval and Modern Languages’ which included English as one of its topics
  • Henry James's story Daisy Miller, about an American girl abroad, brings him a new readership

  • The Aesthetic Movement and 'art for art's sake', attitudes personified above all by Whistler and Wilde, are widely mocked and satirized in Britain

  • Robert Louis Stevenson's adventure story, Treasure Island, features Long John Silver and Ben Gunn

  • Oxford University Press publishes the A volume of its New English Dictionary, which will take 37 years to reach Z

    Oxford University Press publishes the A volume of its New English Dictionary, which will take 37 years to reach Z
  • Oxford / Richard Burton

    Oxford established a Professorship in English Language and Literature / The Arabian Nights
  • Robert Louis Stevenson introduces a dual personality in his novel The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

    Thomas Hardy publishes his novel The Mayor of Casterbridge, which begins with the future mayor, Michael Henchard selling his wife and child at a fair
  • Sherlock Holmes features in Conan Doyle's first novel, A Study in Scarlet

  • 23-year-old Irish author William Butler Yeats publishes his first volume of poems, The Wanderings of Oisin

    The Fabian Society publishes Essays in Socialism influential volume of essays edited by Bernard Shaw
  • Scottish anthropologist James Frazer publishes The Golden Bough, a massive compilation of contemporary knowledge about ritual and religious custom

  • A Gaelic pressure group, the Highland Association, is founded to preserve the indigenous poetry and music of Scotland

    Oscar Wilde publishes his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray in which the ever-youthful hero's portrait grows old and ugly Thomas Hardy publishes his novel Tess of the Durbervilles, with a dramatic finale at Stonehenge
  • Oscar Wilde / W.B. Yeats and Douglas Hyde / W.B. Yeats / Bernard Shaw / George and Weedon Grossmith

    Oscar Wilde / W.B. Yeats and Douglas Hyde / W.B. Yeats / Bernard Shaw / George and Weedon Grossmith
    Lady Windermere's Fan is a great success with audiences in London's St. James Theatre / National Literary Society / The Countess Cathlee / Widowers' Houses / The Diary of a Nobody
  • George du Maurier / Rudyard Kipling

    Trilby / The Jungle Book
  • Oscar Wilde's most brilliant comedy, The Importance of Being Earnest is performed in London's St. James Theatre H.G. Wells publishes The Time Machine, a story about a Time Traveller whose first stop on his journey is the year 802701

  • English poet A.E. Housman publishes his first collection, A Shropshire Lad

  • Somerset Maugham publishes his first novel, Liza of Lambeth, based on the London life he has observed as a medical student

  • H.G. Wells publishes his science-fiction novel The War of the Worlds, in which Martians arrive in a rocket to invade earth Henry James publishes The Turn of the Screw in a collection of short stories

  • E. Nesbit publishes The Story of the Treasure Seekers, introducing the Bastable family who feature in several of her books for children

  • Joseph Conrad publishes his novel Lord Jim about a life of failure and redemption in the far East

  • Beatrix Potter / Rudyard Kipling

    Beatrix Potter / Rudyard Kipling
    The Tale of Peter Rabbit / Kim
  • Period: to

    Modern Literature

    The period saw an abrupt break away from the old ways of interacting with the world. In all the previous periodes experimentation and individualism were highly discouraged but With the onset of the modern period, both these things became virtues. There were many cultural shocks with the beginning of modernism. The blow of the modern age was the World War 1 and 2. Recovered from:
  • Rudyard Kipling / W.B. Yeats and Lady Gregory / Beatrix Potter / John Masefield

    Just So Stories for Little Children / Cathleen ni Houlihan / The Tale of Peter Rabbit is published commercially, a year after being first printed by Beatrix Potter at her own expense / Salt-Water Ballads
  • Conan Doyle / Henry James / Joseph Conrad

    Conan Doyle / Henry James / Joseph Conrad
    The Hound of the Baskervilles / The Wings of the Dove / Heart of Darkness
  • Erskine Childers / Henry James / G.E. Moore

    The Riddle of the Sands / The Ambassadors / Principia Ethica
  • Joseph Conrad / Henry James / J.M Barrie / H.H. Munro

    Joseph Conrad / Henry James / J.M Barrie / H.H. Munro
    Nostromo / The Golden Bowl / J.M Barrie's play for children Peter Pan, or the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up has its premiere in London / Reginald
  • The Bloomsbury Group gathers for informal evenings at the family home of Virginia and Vanessa Stephens (later Virginia Woolf and Vanessa Bell)

    Oscar Wilde's De Profundis, a letter of recrimination written in Reading Gaol to Lord Alfred Douglas, is published posthumously H.G. Wells publishes Kipps: the story of a simple soul, a comic novel about a bumbling draper's assistant Bernard Shaw has two new plays opening in London in the same year, Major Barbara and Man and Superman Sir Percy Blakeney rescues aristocrats from the guillotine in Baroness Orczy's The Scarlet Pimpernel
  • The first volume of the inexpensive Everyman's Library is issued by Joseph Dent, a London publisher

    E. Nesbit publishes The Railway Children, the most successful of her books featuring the Bastable family John Galsworthy publishes The Man of Property, the first of his novels chronicling the family of Soames Forsyte
  • Edmund Gosse publishes Father and Son, an account of his difficult relationship with his fundamentalist father, Philip Gosse

    James Joyce completes the 15 short stories eventually published in 1914 as Dubliners
  • The Welsh poet W.H. Davies has a success with The Autobiography of a Super-Tramp, his account of life on the road and in dosshouses

  • John Buchan publishes Prester John, the first of his adventure stories

    H.G. Wells publishes The History of Mr Polly, a novel about an escape from drab everyday existence Rudyard Kipling publishes If, which rapidly becomes his most popular poem among the British E.M. Forster publishes Howard's End, his novel about the Schlegel sisters and the Wilcox family
  • Cambridge / D.H. Lawrence / Rupert Brooke / G.K. Chesterton / Katherine Mansfield / Max Beerbohm

    Cambridge creates a separate chair in English literature / The White Peacock / Poems / The Innocence of Father Brown / In a German Pension / Zuleika Dobson
  • Walter De la Mare establishes his reputation with the title poem of his collection The Listeners

  • The first issue of the New Statesman is published by Beatrice and Sidney Webb

    Compton Mackenzie publishes the first volume of his autobiographical novel Sinister Street Alfred North Whitehead and Bertrand Russell complete a work of mathematical logic, Principia Mathematica
    D.H. Lawrence publishes a semi-autobiographical novel about the Morel family, Sons and Lovers
  • James Joyce's novel Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man begins serial publication in a London journal, The Egoist

    After years of delay James Joyce's Dubliners, a collection of short stories, is published The Times Literary Supplement is published in London as an independent paper, separate from The Times Robert Tressell's Ragged Trousered Philanthropists is published posthumously in an abbreviated version
  • Somerset Maugham / Virginia Woolf / D.H. Lawrence

    Somerset Maugham  / Virginia Woolf / D.H. Lawrence
    Of Human Bondage / The Voyage Out / The Rainbow, is seized by the police as an obscene work
  • Robert Graves publishes his first book of poems, Over the Brazier

  • Jeeves and Bertie Wooster make their first appearance in P.G. Wodehouse's The Man with Two Left Feet

  • Lytton Strachey fails to show conventional respect to four famous Victorians in his influential volume of short biographies entitled Eminent Victorians

    Rebecca West publishes her first novel, The Return of the Soldier
  • In The Economic Consequences of the Peace Maynard Keynes publishes a strong attack on the reparations demanded from Germany

  • Carl Peterson / D.H. Lawrence / Agatha Christie

    Bull-dog Drummond / Women in Love / The Mysterious Affair at Styles
  • Period: to

    Social changes and literature

    Some university teachers, of whom I. A. Richards and F. R. and Q. D. Leavis at Cambridge were the most influential in the literature of those years, saw the rise of ‘mass civilization’ as a threat to what they called ‘culture’
  • Somerset Maugham's / Wittgenstein

    Rain short story / study of the philosophy of logic, Tractatus Logico Philosophicus
  • John Galsworthy / Eliot

    The Forsyte saga is published and / The Waste Land
  • Dorothy Sayers / Bernard Shaw

    Whose Body / Saint Joan its world premiere in New York
  • E.M / A.A. Milne

    Forster A Passage to India / When We Were Very Young
  • Ivy Compton-Burnett / Virginia Woolf

    Pastors and Masters / Mrs Dalloway
  • Patrick Abercrombie / T.E. Lawrence / A.A. Milne / Hugh MacDiarmid

    The Preservation of Rural England / Seven Pillars of Wisdom / Winnie-the-Pooh / Drunk Man Looks at the Thistle
  • Henry Williamson / Elizabeth Bowen /

    Tarka the Otter / The Hotel / To The Lighthouse
  • Jean Rhys / Siegfried Sassoon / R.C. Sherriff / Evelyn Waugh / Radclyffe Hall's

    Jean Rhys / Siegfried Sassoon / R.C. Sherriff / Evelyn Waugh / Radclyffe Hall's
    Postures / Memoirs of a Fox-Hunting Man / Journey's End / Decline and Fall / The Well of Loneliness
  • Richard Hughes / Louis / J.B. Priestley / Robert Graves

    A High Wind in Jamaica / Blind / Good Companions / Robert Graves
  • W.H.Auden / Arthur Ransome / Coward / Agatha Christie / Walter Sellar y Robert Yeatman

    Poems / Swallows and Amazons / Noel Coward and Gertrude Lawrence star in the West End in Private Lives, Coward's comedy of marital complications / Murder at the Vicarage / A spoof history text book, 1066
  • Virginia Woolf

    The Waves
  • Archibald MacLeish / C.S. Lewis / Aldous Huxley / John Cowper Powys

    Conquistador / The Screwtape Letters / Brave New World / A Glastonbury Romance
  • H.G. Wells / Antonia White / George Orwell

    H.G. Wells / Antonia White  / George Orwell
    The Shape of Things to Come / Frost in May / George Orwell writes a sympathetic account of the people he meets on hard times
  • Robert Graves / Evelyn Waugh

    Claudius the autobiography of the Roman emperor / A Handful of Dust
  • T.S. Eliot / Allen Lane

    Murder in the Cathedral has its first performance in Canterbury cathedral / Penguin Books
  • John Maynard Keynes / A.J. Ayer / Terence Rattigan

    The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money / Language, Truth and Logic / Terence Rattigan
  • C.S. Forester / George Orwell

    The Happy Return / British life in The Road to Wigan Pier
  • Evelyn Waugh / George Orwell / Graham Greene / Brighton Rock

    The Beast / In Homage to Catalonia George Orwell describes his experiences fighting for the International Brigade in the Spanish Civil War / Brighton Rock / Daphne du Maurier's Rebecca
  • Flann O'Brien / Christopher Isherwood / T.S. Eliot

    At Swim-Two-Birds /Christopher Isherwood / Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats
  • Flann O'Brien's/

    The Third Policeman is rejected by numerous publishers before becoming, decades later, his best-known novel
  • Period: to

    Post moderne

    Elizabeth Jane Howard, Light Years, (The Cazalet Chronicles) / Josephine Tey, The Daughter of Time
  • Rebecca West

    Black Lamb and Grey Falcon
  • Enid Blyton

    Five on a Treasure Island
  • T.S. Eliot

    Four Quartets
  • Nancy Mitford / Evelyn Waugh / George Orwell

    The Pursuit of Love / Brideshead Revisited / Farm
  • Mervyn Peake

    Mervyn Peake
    Titus Groan
  • Malcolm Lowry / J.B. Priestley

    Under the Volcano / An Inspector Calls
  • Christopher Fry

    The Lady's Not For Burning
  • Enid Blyton / George Orwell

    Noddy / Nineteen Eighty-Four
  • Nineteen Eighty-Four / Doris Lessing

    The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe / The Grass is Singing
  • John Wyndham / Anthony Powell's / Nikolaus Pevsner

    The Day of the Triffids / A Dance to the Music of Time' / The Buildings of England
  • Evelyn Waugh

    Evelyn Waugh
    Men at Arms
  • L.P. Hartley / Ian Fleming

    The Go-Between / Casino Royale
  • Dylan Thomas / Winston Churchill / Iris Murdoch / Kingsley Amis /Lucky Jim

    Dylan Thomas's 'play for voices', Under Milk Wood, is broadcast on BBC radio, with Richard Burton as narrator / The Second World War / Under the Net / Lucky Jim / Lord of the Flies
  • Kingsley Amis / Graham Greene / Philip Larkin / J.R.R. Tolkien

    Kingsley Amis / The Quiet / The Less Deceived / The Lord of the Rings
  • John Osborne /

    John Osborne's play Look Back in Anger features in the first season of London's new English Stage Company
  • Ted Hughes / Lawrence Durrell / John Braine / Stevie Smith / Laurence Olivier

    The Hawk in the / Justine / Room at the Top / Waving but Drowning / Laurence Olivier brings the music-hall artist Archie Rice vibrantly to life in John Osborne's The Entertainer
  • Brendan Behan / Arnold Wesker / Alan Sillitoe / Harold Pinter

    Irish dramatist Brendan Behan's play The Hostage is produced in Dublin / Chicken Soup with Barley / Saturday Night and Sunday Morning / Harold Pinter's first play in London's West End, The Birthday Party, closes in less than a week
  • Keith Waterhouse / Harold / Laurie Lee

    Keith Waterhouse / Harold Pinter's second play in London's West End, The Caretaker, immediately brings him an international reputation / Cider
  • John Betjeman

    John Betjeman
    Summoned by Bells
  • Roald Dahl / Muriel Spark

    James and the Giant Peach / The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie
  • Benjamin Britten / Doris Lessing / P.D James / Anthony Burgess

    Benjamin Britten's War Requiem, setting poems by Wilfred Owen, is first performed in the rebuilt Coventry Cathedral / The Golden Notebook / Cover Her Face / A Clockwork Orange
  • John Le Carré / Margaret Drabble

    The Spy Who Came in from the Cold / A Summer Birdcage
  • Roald Dahl / A.S. Byatt

    Charlie and the Chocolate Factory / Shadow of a Sun
  • Paul Scott / Seamus Heaney / Jean Rhys / Tom Stoppard

    The Jewel / Irish poet Seamus Heaney wins critical acclaim for Death of a Naturalist, his first volume containing more than a few poems / Wide Sargasso Sea / Rosencrantz y Guildenstern están muertos, de Tom Stoppard, se produce en el Festival de Edimburgo
  • Angela Carter / Alan Ayckbourn / Adrian Henri, Brian Patten y Roger McGough / Peter Nichols

    English author Angela Carter wins recognition with her quirky second novel, The Magic Toyshop / Relatively Speaking / The Mersey Sound / A Day in the Death of Joe Egg
  • Michael Holroyd

    Michael Holroyd
    Lytton Strachey
  • John Fowles

    The French Lieutenant's Woman
  • Caryl Churchill's / James Fenton

    English dramatist Caryl Churchill's first play, Owners, is produced in London / Terminal Moraine
  • Ernst Friedrich Schumacher / Martin Amis / Nikolaus Pevsner

    Small is Beautiful / The Rachel Papers / Buildings of England (46-volume)
  • Ruth Prawer Jhabwala

    English author Ruth Prawer Jhabwala wins the Booker Prize with her novel Heat and Dust /
  • Iris Murdoch / Andrew Motion / Ian McEwan

    The Sea / The Pleasure Steamers / The Cement Garden
  • Peter Shaffer / Christopher Logue / Salman Rushdie / Anita Brookner

    Peter Shaffer's play about Mozart, Amadeus, has its premiere in London / War Music is the first instalment of Christopher Logue's version of the Iliad / Midnight's Children / A Start in Life
  • Michael Frayn

    Michael Frayn's farce Noises Off opens in London's West end
  • Nicholas Kaldor / Ronald Harwood

    The Economic Consequences of Mrs Thatcher / The Dresser
  • Julian Barnes

    Flaubert's Parrot
  • Benjamin Zephaniah

    The Dread Affair
  • John Fuller and James Fenton / Alan Bennett

    Partingtime Hall / Talking Heads, a series of dramatic monologues by English author Alan Bennett, is broadcast on British TV
  • Stephen Hawking

    Big Bang to Black Holes
  • Racing Demon

    David Hare
  • Alan Bennett / Pat Barker

    Alan Bennett's play The Madness of George III is performed at the National Theatre in London / Regeneration
  • Thom Gunn

    Thom Gunn
    The Man with Night Sweats
  • Sebastian Faulks / Vikram Seth / Irvine Welsh

    Birdsong / A Suitable Boy / Trainspotting
  • Louis de Bernières

    Captain Corelli's
  • Ted Hughes / J.K. Rowling

    Hughes's Birthday Letters / Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
  • Michael Frayn

    Michael Frayn's play Copenhagen dramatizes the visit of Werner Heisenberg to Niels Bohr in wartime Denmark
  • Philip Pullman

    Philip Pullman
    Dark Materials
  • Period: to


    Jeffrey Eugenides, Middlesex / Ben Fountain, Billy Lynn’s Long Halftime Walk / Jennifer Egan, A Visit from the Goon Squad