History of the Computer By 50jaspaq Period: Jan 1, 1930 to Aug 11, 2014 History of the Computer Jul 11, 1931 Vannevar Bush invented the Differential Analyzer This was the first attempt to design a computer to do advanced computations. Oct 11, 1938 William Hewlett and David Packard invented the resistance-capacitance audio oscillator An audio oscillator is an electronic instrument used to test sound equipment. Nov 11, 1941 John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry invented the "ABC" ABC stands for the Atanasoff–Berry Computer.The device was used to solve linear equations. Dec 11, 1943 Brittish code breakers invent the Colossus Brittish code breakers invent the first programable computer. It was used to decipher encrypted German messages Feb 11, 1951 First commercial computer avaiable First Ferranti MARK I became the firts computer avaible the the "public" (only 9 were sold) Aug 11, 1956 Direct keyboard input research begins. At MIT, researchers began experimentation on direct keyboard input on computers, a precursor to today´s normal mode of operation. Aug 11, 1961 First robot invented UNIMATE, the first industrial robot, debued at General Motors. It obeyed step-by-step commands stored on a magnetic drum. Nov 13, 1963 Talking to Computers American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) was invented. is is a coding language that uses a series of "0's" and "1's" to communicate. Aug 11, 1968 Computers in Space The Apollo Guidance Computer made its debut orbiting the Earth on Apollo 7. Astronaughts communicated with a computer by punching in two digit codes May 15, 1970 Intel is making its self a name The newly formed Intel unveils the Intel 1103, the first DYNAMIC Access Memory (DRAM) chip. Apr 1, 1976 The birth of Apple Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak start Apple Computers on April Fool’s Day and roll out the Apple I, the first computer with a single-circuit board. Apr 16, 1977 Apple II Jobs and Wozniak unviel the Apple II which has color graphics and incorporates an audio cassette drive for storage. Jan 19, 1983 Apple's Lisa Apple’s Lisa is the first PERSONALcomputer with a GUI. It also features a drop-down menu and icons. Jul 23, 1985 Amiga 1000 Commodore unveils the Amiga 1000, which features advanced audio and video capabilities. This all fit into 512 KB of memory. Nov 20, 1985 Windows 1.0 Microsoft unviels windows in response to Apple's GUI. Feb 19, 1990 Adobe Photoshop 1.0 Adobe Photoshop 1.0 is released. Nov 11, 1990 Hypertext Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau invent the 'hypertext' system, which is the start of he internet as we know it today Jan 18, 1994 Yahoo! Jerry Yang and David Filo create Yahoo! a "directory of other websites, organized in a hierarchy, as opposed to a searchable index of pages." Feb 4, 2000 The Sims EA releases The Sims, the best selling computer game in history. Aug 13, 2000 1 GHz!!!! Both Intel and AMD pass the 1GHz CPU barrier. Some thing many people thought would never happen Jan 15, 2001 Wikipedia Wikipedia comes online. Mar 9, 2001 McAfee McAfee releases the first virus protection softwear. Aug 13, 2002 Froogle Google introduces Froogle, which allows users to search for stuff to buy. Dec 19, 2002 DirectX 9 Microsoft releases DirectX 9 Apr 28, 2003 iTunes Apple opens the iTunes store. Aug 13, 2003 Athlon 64 AMD releases its first 64-bit processor, the Athlon 64. Feb 4, 2004 Facebook Mark Zuckerberg launches Thefacebook Aug 13, 2004 AirPlay Apple introduces AirPlay. Feb 8, 2005 Google Maps Google Maps launches Aug 13, 2005 Dual-core processors AMD and Intel both release their first versions of a dual-core processor. Jan 4, 2006 Blu-ray The blu-ray is first announced May 16, 2006 HD DVD player in a computer Toshiba releases the first HD DVD player in a computer. Aug 13, 2007 Microsoft Windows Vista and Office 2007 Microsoft releases Microsoft Windows Vista and Office 2007 to the general public. Oct 26, 2007 Mac OS X 10.5 Apple introduces Mac OS X 10.5 code named Leopard. Sep 23, 2008 Google Android T-Mobile's G1 phone (HTC Dream) is the first phone to be released with Google Android Dec 11, 2008 Chrome Google releases the first public version of Chrome Jun 3, 2009 Bing Microsoft launches the Bing search engine. Nov 30, 2009 Nook The first Barnes & Noble Nook is released. Jan 27, 2010 iPad Apple introduces the iPad. Oct 13, 2010 Robotic surgery First all-robotic surgery performed at Montreal General Hospital Nov 15, 2011 Kindle Fire The Kindle Fire is released for sale.