History of the American Banking System

Timeline created by san772
  • The bank of North America opens

    The bank of North America opens
    The Continental Congress approves the Bank of North America, and it opens in Philadelphia on January 4, 1782. It loans money to federal and state governments as well as to Philadelphia businesses.
    https://hsp.org/sites/default/files/politics_-_article_about_bna_from_pmhb.pdf
  • Congress creates the Bank of the United States

    Congress creates the Bank of the United States
    Bank of the United States is a central bank chartered in 1791 by the U.S. Congress at the urging of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson. The government deposits tax money in the bank. The bank issues paper money to pay the government's bills.
    https://www.britannica.com/topic/Bank-of-the-United-States
  • The charter for the bank of the United States runs out

    The charter for the bank of the United States runs out
    Despite the Bank's help in developing the economy, Republicans oppose a national bank. Eventually, BUS runs out in 1811. Without a national bank, state banks must make loans and issue money.
    http://www.mindcontagion.org/banking/hb1811.html
  • A second national bank

    A second national bank
    By 1816, Republicans realize that they need a central bank to regulate the money supply. Thus, they created the second national bank.
    https://www.federalreservehistory.org/essays/second_bank_of_the_us
  • President Andrew Jackson forces the Bank to close

    President Andrew Jackson forces the Bank to close
    President Andrew Jackson saw the Bank as undemocratic and vetoed a bill to renew the charter four years early. He demands that federal money be deposited in state banks rather than the BUS.
    https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/andrew-jackson-shuts-down-second-bank-of-the-u-s
  • Congress approves the National Bank Act

    Congress approves the National Bank Act
    On February 25, 1863, Congress approves the National Bank Act. This is meant to establish a national banking system, make federal war loans, and create a national currency.
  • The Federal Reserve Act sets up a new system of federal banks

    The Federal Reserve Act sets up a new system of federal banks
    With President Woodrow Wilson, Congress passes the Federal Reserve Act in 1913. The Act sets up a new system of federal banks. The Act also gives the government the power to raise or lower interest rates and control the money supply
  • The Great Depression begins in the US

    The Great Depression begins in the US
    The American economy begins to decline as consumer spending drops. On October 24,1929, the stock market bubble finally bursts, and investors sell off millions of shares in a panic. People started to withdraw their deposits from banks, and it created the Great Depression.
  • The Glass-Steagall Act separates commercial and investment banking

    The Glass-Steagall Act separates commercial and investment banking
    Roosevelt introduces further legislation with the Banking Act of June 16, 1933. This act separates commercial banking from investment banking. It also introduces federal deposit insurance and regulation of interest rates on deposits.
  • Subprime mortgage crisis

    Subprime mortgage crisis
    It occurred when banks sold too many mortgages because the home was falling and they couldn't price the value of the assets.
    https://www.thebalance.com/subprime-mortgage-crisis-effect-and-timeline-3305745