History of Technology: From Sputnik to the Present

  • Sputnik Becomes First Artificial Earth Satellite

    Sputnik Becomes First Artificial Earth Satellite
    The Russian satellite Sputnik one is launched into orbit. The launches success sets off the space race and increases Cold War tensions between the United States and Russia. It also ushers in an era of technological advancement that would persist to this day.
  • Luna 2 Lands on the Moons Surface

    Luna 2 Lands on the Moons Surface
    The Soviet Union becomes the first nation to land an object on the moon with the Luna 2 mission. Luna 2 also becomes the first manmade object to land on the surface of a celestial body.
  • Xerox 914 Released

    Xerox 914 Released
    Xerox releases the first plain paper copier available to the public. The successful copier was the culmination of deacades of research and development in Xenography.
  • NORAD and the Cold War

    NORAD and the Cold War
    The Joint Canadian US Military group places the Space Detection and Tracking System under control of CINCNORAD the precursor to what will become known as NORAD. The defense system is designed to track possible military and nuclear actions by the Soviet Union.
  • CDC 6600 Released

    CDC 6600 Released
    CDC 6600 created by Control Data Corporation becomes the first widely recognized supercomputer.
  • First Desktop Computer is Unveiled

    First Desktop Computer is Unveiled
    The first desktop computer created by the Olivetti company is unveiled at the New York's Worlds Fair. It was put into production in 1965 and known as the Programma 101
  • Man on the Moon

    Man on the Moon
    The United States Apollo 11 mission reaches the moon, the greatest victory to date of the United States in the space race with the Soviet Union. The Saturn V rocket and Lunar Lander are a symbol of the technological advancements achieved by both NASA and the United States.
  • Intel Releases Intel 4004

    Intel Releases Intel 4004
    Intel's 4004 becomes the first commercially available microprocessor. The beginning, of a revolution in personal computing speeds, and the hallmark of Intel for years to come.
  • Magnavox Odyssey

    Magnavox Odyssey
    Magnavox Odyssey becomes the first video game console, predating Atari's Pong by three years. The console utilized a combination of digital and analog signals to create the video game experience.
  • First Handheld Mobile Device

    First Handheld Mobile Device
    Motorola becomes the first company to create a mobile handheld device. The inventor Martin Cooper placed the first call using the phone to Dr Joel S Engel of Bell Labs. The technological advancement necessary for mobile telephony trace their roots back to pre WWII.
  • Altair Basic and the Beginning of Microsoft

    Altair Basic and the Beginning of Microsoft
    Microsoft founders Bill Gates and Paul Allen develop an interpreter for the Altair 8800 produced by MITS. This creation spawns the beginning of a software revolution and leads to the creation of the tech giant Microsoft.
  • Founding of Microsoft

    Founding of Microsoft
    Microsoft is founded by Paul Allen and Bill Gates, the company would become a tech giant in the 1980s based on its MS-DOS operating system.
  • Apple Inc Founded

    Apple Inc Founded
    Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne found Apple Inc to sell there Apple I computer kit. The company would be a perenial competitor with Microsoft in Personal Computing. In time they will revolutionize personal computing with releases such as the Ipod, Ipad, and Iphone.
  • Flag Day

    Flag Day
    The unification of protocols under TCP/IP creates the internet as we know it to day with a standardize system and uniform specifications.
  • Casio TV-10

    Casio TV-10
    The Casio TV-10 a handheld television becomes the first commercially available television to utilize a Liquid Crystal Display. LCDs continue to be crucial to technology today.
  • Psion Releases the Organizer 1

    Psion Releases the Organizer 1
    Psion releases the first handheld computer to the public. Although closer in equivalency to a modern calculator the Organizer begins the PDA era which eventually leads to the creation of smartphones.
  • America Online Released

    America Online Released
    America Online beginning the growth of paid internet services to consumers. At its peak AOL will boast a user base of more than 30 million users worldwide.
  • Amazon Founded

    Amazon Founded
    Jeff Bezos incorporates Amazon beginning a company that would revolutionize e-commerce and the way the world shops in the twenty first century.
  • Simon Personal Communicator

    Simon Personal Communicator
    The Simon Personal Communicator becomes the first commercially successful telephony device to incorporate PDA features. Created by IBM the device is widely considered the first smartphone.
  • 802.11 Protocol

    802.11 Protocol
    802.11 Protocol release is the beginning of wireless networking as we know it today. After more then a decade of development the begininings of a wireless system that will be improved upon and shape our technological world begins.
  • Google Inc Founded

    Google Inc Founded
    Google Inc is founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin. The company will go on to become a search engine giant, online retailing hub, advertising revolutionary, and smart phone operating system mogul.
  • Napster and The Rise of Internet Piracy

    Napster and The Rise of Internet Piracy
    Napster a P2P file sharing service based predominantly on the illegal sharing of music in MP3 format goes live. The site is a massive success until its legal woes bring its downfall.
  • Apple Ipod Gen 1 Released

    Apple Ipod Gen 1 Released
    The precursor to great success in the portable music and mp3 based devices the Apple Ipod is released. Initial success is limited based on its incompatability with the Windows operating system, however it grows to become a cornerstone of Apple's product suite.
  • First Test of the Large Hadron Collider

    First Test of the Large Hadron Collider
    The highest energy particle collider ever created undergoes its first tests in Geneva, Switzlerland. The collider is perhaps the most important achievement of CERN and a major breakthrough in Physics research.
  • All Hail The Lithium Ion

    All Hail The Lithium Ion
    John Goodenough, Rachid Yazami, and Akira Yoshino receive the 2012 IEEE Medal for their work in the delevopment of the lithium ion battery. At this point lithium ion batteries commercial success in popular devices results in a massive market share.