History of Special Education and Inclusive Education

Timeline created by tatumrodriguez
  • Mills v. Board of Education of the District of Columbia

     Mills v. Board of Education of the District of Columbia
    This was a lawsuit filed against the District of Columbia in aims of fighting for the rights of children with special needs or the need of an inclusive education. The court ruled that students with disabilities must be given a public education even if they are unable to pay for the education.
  • The First Center for Independent Living Opens

    The First Center for Independent Living Opens
    In 1972, the first center for independent living opened at UC Berkley in Berkley, California. The center was opened by Ed Roberts and the Rolling Quads. Ed Roberts personally began classes at the university in 1962. At the time there was no housing for disabled students and they were staying at the Student Health Service infirmary at Cowell Hospital.
  • Section 504

    Section 504
    Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act states that all students are protected from discrimination of students with special needs and disabilities. This law is said to be considered the first law giving protection to students with special needs. Students are eligible when they have physical or mental disability that allows for inhabitation of their learning experience.
  • Education for All Handicapped Children Act

    Education for All Handicapped Children Act
    In 1975, the United States voted in ensuring that all children regardless of any differences were able to receive free schooling and public education. This act also helped bring federal funding to schools to help create special education for students who did not learn the same ways as the other students. The United States has now moved from keeping children isolated and in their own classrooms away from the general education population.
  • LRE: Least Restrictive Environment

    LRE: Least Restrictive Environment
    LRE also known as least restrictive environment is apart of the Individual's with Disabilities Education Act that states that children who receive special education should learn in the least restrictive environment. This means that children who receive special education should spend as much time with their peers as possible and be merged into the general education and allowed interactions with their peers.
  • Board of Education Of Hendrick Hudson Central Schoo District V. Rowley

    Board of Education Of Hendrick Hudson Central Schoo District V. Rowley
    The law suit of the Board of Education of H.H.C.S.D. versus Rowley was a legal case in the U.S. Supreme Court where amended by the Education for All Handicapped children Act didn't require that special instruction and supportive services be designed to help students reach their full potential as learners.
  • Handicapped Children’s Protection Act

     Handicapped Children’s Protection Act
    The Handicapped Children's Protection Act builds on the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975. The HCPA mandates that public schools receiving financial assistance from the government give children with disabilities the same education as that of other students. It also gave parents more of a say in their children's IEP (Individualized education) plans.
  • Americans With Disabilities Act

    Americans With Disabilities Act
    In 1990, the Americans with Disabilities Act was signed into effect by President George W. Bush. This act promises that those with special needs will receive the same rights as everybody else, relating to both school and work areas. This act also stated on how there is to be no discrimination against those in schools, the workplace, and everyday society.
  • IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

    IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act was signed into law by George W. Bush as well. This act contains 6 pillars which include: FAPE, LRE, IEP, evaluation, parent/student participation and all procedural safeguards for participants. The law also contains 4 sections. https://sites.ed.gov/idea/
  • No Child Left Behind

    No Child Left Behind
    No Child Left Behind was also signed into law by President George W. Bush. This law states that all students were to be proficient in math and reading by 2014. Some states requested not to participate in it. Others were caught falsifying scores and some actually took it seriously and aimed to have their students proficient by the said date. This held schools accountable for how children learned and succeed. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0--2nhsDorg