History of Special Education

Timeline created by DeDudley
In History
  • In the beginning

    In the beginning
    18th century - Individuals with certain disabilities were considered possessed or cursed.
  • The Enlightenment

    Charles Michel L'Epeé founded the 1st public school for people with disabilities in France. Mainly focussed on education for the deaf and the blind.
  • The Enlightenment

    Jean Itard - Also known as The Father of Special Education.
    Developed a student centered approach emphasizing the individual child.
  • The Enlightenment

    Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) publishes "Emile" a book about teaching children "at their own pace."
  • The Enlightenment

    Valentin Haüy, founded the "Institution Nationale des Jeunes Aveugles." The 1st school for blind people.
  • 19th Century

    19th Century
    Rev. Thomas Gallaudet - 1st school for the deaf, called American Asylum for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb. Now known as The American School for The Deaf.
  • The 19th Century

    The 19th Century
    Samuel Gridley Howe - Founded the 1st school for blind children. Today called The Perkins School for The Blind.
  • The 19th Century

    -New things begin to happen. Other states also started opening other institutions to educate disabled children.
  • 19th Century

    Now the states' were responsible to provide institutions for the special children.
  • 19th Century

    19th Century
    Department of Special Education was created
  • 20th Century

    20th Century
    Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon, created the standard intelligence test to identify mentally retarded children.
  • 20th Century

    Lewis Terman - renames the test to "Stanford-Binet scale"
  • 20th Century

    All states recognized that all citizens have the right to education.
  • 20th Century

    Elizabeth Farrell - Founded
    CEC - Council for Exceptional Children
  • 20th Century

    Elementary and Secondary Education Act was passed - providing funds for proper environment for children with disabilities.
  • 20th Century

    20th Century
    Two cases started a revolution in Special Education: the case of the Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children vs. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
    -For free and appropriate public education.
  • 20th Century

    20th Century
    Mills vs District of Columbia Board of Education.
  • 20th Century

    Public Law 94-142: "people with disabilities have the right to free and appropriate public education , in a least restrictive environment; it also required IEP, and all people with disabilities had a right to fair due process.
  • 20th Century

    IDEA - Individuals with Disabilities Education Act- rights for people with disabilities in the work environment, as well as in public transportation, and telecommunications.
  • New Century

    New Century
    Inclusion education becomes more accepted
  • New Century

    Congress states that special education is designated to meet students' unique needs
  • New Century

    New Century
    RTI - Responses to Intervention (Multitier system of support)
    given to students before they are provided with special education services.
  • New Century

    Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) - President Obama

    -This bipartisan measure reauthorizes the 50-year-old Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), the nation’s national education law and longstanding commitment to equal opportunity for all students.
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    History of Special Education

  • Period: to

    The 19th Century

    Special education becomes more palpable.
  • Period: to

    20th Century

  • Period: to

    New Century