History of Robotics

  • Jan 11, 1066

    Water Clocks

    Water Clocks
    Su Song, a chinese inventor, created a clock powered by water that used mechanical figurines to chime the hours.
  • Jan 9, 1206

    First Programmable Analog Computer

    First Programmable Analog Computer
    Abū al-'Iz Ibn Ismā'īl ibn al-Razāz al-Jazarī created the castle clock. It functioned as a water-powered astronomical clock, which has been called the earliest programmable analog computer.
  • Jan 11, 1400


    Automated carillons, or music boxes, begin to appear in the Netherlands.
  • Jan 9, 1495

    Leonardo's Robot

    Leonardo's Robot
    Leonardo Da Vinci creates a robot that mimics an armored knight. It was named "Leonardo's Robot" and its internal mechanisms function like that of a real person.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1500 to

    AD 1500-1899

  • Jan 9, 1540

    Gianello Torriano's robot

    Gianello Torriano's robot
    Gianello Torriano created a lady robot who played the mandolin. This served as easy entertainment for those in that era.
  • Jacques de Vaucanson's Duck

    Jacques de Vaucanson's Duck
    Jacques de Vaucanson created a mechanical duck. It was able to move its neck, flap its wings, and even swallow food.
  • Pierre Jaquet-Droz's Automata

    Pierre Jaquet-Droz's Automata
    Pierre Jaquet-Droz, a swiss watchmaker, teamed up with his son to create three robotic dolls. One can write, the other plays music, and the third one draws pictures.
  • Joseph Jacquard

    Joseph Jacquard
    Joseph Jacquard invents a textile machine called a programmable loom. It is operated by punch cards.
  • Nikola Tesla's Robots

    Nikola Tesla's Robots
    Nikola Tesla created the first remote control vehicles. He is also known for his Tesla Coils, the radio and induction motors.
  • Period: to

    AD 1900-1999

  • Ford's Assembly Line

    Ford's Assembly Line
    Henry Ford created the world's first assembly line. It used a conveyor belt and could assemble a Model T in 93 minutes.
  • Lilliput

    The first true robot toy was produced in Japan. The ‘Lilliput’ was a wind-up toy which walked. It was made from tinplate and stood just 15cm tall.
  • Sparko the robot dog

    Sparko the robot dog
    Westinghouse unveiled two robot prototypes: a humanoid named Elektro and a dog named Sparko. Sparko was able to sit up and bark. That is so cool.
  • Heron of Alexandria

    Heron of Alexandria
    Heron of Alexandria was the earliest documented automata maker. He was a Greek mathemetician, physicist and engineer.
  • Honda's ASIMO

    Honda's ASIMO
    Honda created perhaps the best humanoid robot in the histroy of the world. It serves to fulfill the needs of average humans, especially those with disabilities
  • Lego Robots

    Lego Robots
    Lego develops Robotics Invention System 1.0. It is named MINDSTORMS after the work of Seymour Papert in the 1980's.
  • Period: to

    AD 2000-

  • Sony Dream Robot

    Sony Dream Robot
    Sony created the Sony Dream Robot (SDR). It could recognize 10 different faces, express emotions, and walk on multiple surfaces.
  • Hero of Alexandria

    Hero of Alexandria
    Hero of Alexandria detailed several automata that were used in theater and for religious purposes. He also designed automata that opened the gates on hydraulic principles.

    MD Robotics in Canada released the Space Station Remote Manipulator System. It was successfully launched and worked to assemble the International Space Station.
  • CyberKnife

    The FDA cleared the CyberKnife for production in August. It was created to treat tumors anywhere in the body
  • Epsom Robot

    Epsom Robot
    The company Epsom created smallest known robot, standing 7cm high and weighing just 10 grams. The robot helicopter is intended to be used as a ‘flying camera’ during natural disasters.
  • HUBO

    The korean Instititute of Science and Technology (KIST) created HUBO. It is linked to a comuter wirelessly that does all the thinking for the robot.