Published in the year 1493, hornbooks were brought to the Colonies from England. These were single sheets of papar containing the alphabet in both lower and upper case letters. In addition, it contained a short section of syllables, the invocation, and the Lord's Prayer. Therefore these were mainly religious based. These hornbooks were made of wood, iron, pewter, ivoery, or silver. They were covered with a sheet of translucent horn. These were integral to the alphabet method of teaching.