History of Firearms

By JaredH.
  • Jan 4, 1232

    The first gun

    The first gun
    The Chinese ,who invented gunpowder ,first used it in a wepon. They filled tubes with the powder and used it as a sort of rocket , aiming it at the enemy and lighting a fuse.
  • Jan 1, 1364

    First recorded use of a firearm

    shooter lit wicks by hand that ingnited gunpowder that was loaded into the gun barrel.This ignited the gun powder withen and fired the projectile
  • Jan 1, 1400

    Matchlock guns

    Matchlock guns
    First mechanically firing of guns. Wicks were now attached to a clamp that sprang into gunpowder that was placed in a "flash pan".
  • Jan 1, 1509

    Wheel lock guns

    Wheel lock guns
    Wicks were replaced by the wheel lock.The wheel lock generates a spark after you pull the trigger which in turn ignites the powder
  • Flintlock guns

    Flintlock guns
    The flintlock did two things mechanically, It opened the lid of the flash pan and provided an igniting spark.
  • Percussion-cap guns

    Percussion-cap guns
    Percussion-cap guns invented by Reverend John Forsyth - firing mechanism no longer uses flash pan, a tube lead straight into the gun barrel, the tupe had an exposive cap on it that exploded when struck.
  • Back action lock

     Back action lock
    A back action lock is one in which the operating part of the lock is behind the hammer or cock. I know that they were used on more than one type of gun but the only one with which I am familiar is the twist barrel design rifle. The back action placed the operating part of the lock back out of the way to allow the barrels to rotate. If one were to use a front action lock, it would place the action forward of the hammer and in the way of the rotation of the barrels.
  • Colt revolver

     Colt revolver
    First mass-produced, multi-shot, revolving firearms. The Colt legend dates to 1836, when the United States Government issued Sam Colt a patent for the world’s first commercially viable revolving cylinder firearm. Since that time no firearm has been more intimately associated with the Colt name and story than the revolver.
  • Pin-fire cartridges

    A pinfire cartridge is an obsolete type of metallic firearm cartridge in which the priming compound is ignited by striking a small pin which protrudes radially from just above the base of the cartridge.
  • Shotguns

    A shotgun (also known as a scattergun and peppergun, It is for historically as a fowling piece) is a firearm that is usually designed to be fired from the shoulder, which uses the energy of a fixed shell to fire a number of small spherical pellets called shot, or a solid projectile called a slug.
  • Full rim-fire cartridge

    Full rim-fire cartridge
    A cartridge (also called a round, a shell or ammunition) packages a bullet, propellant (usually either smokeless powder or black powder) and a primer within a metallic, paper, or plastic casing that is precisely made to fit within the firing chamber of a firearm.
  • Spencer repeating rifle

    Spencer repeating rifle
    The Spencer repeating rifle was a manually operated lever-action, repeating rifle fed from a tube magazine with cartridges. It was adopted by the Union Army, especially by the cavalry, during the American Civil War, but did not replace the standard issue muzzle-loading rifled muskets in use at the time. The Spencer carbine was a shorter and lighter version.
  • Breech loaded guns

    Breech loaded guns
    A breech-loading weapon is a firearm in which the cartridge or shell is inserted or loaded into a chamber integral to the rear portion of a barrel.
  • Gatling Gun

    Gatling Gun
    In 1861, Doctor Richard Gatling patented the Gatling Gun, a six-barreled weapon capable of firing a (then) phenomenal 200 rounds per minute. The Gatling gun was a hand-driven, crank-operated, multi-barrel, machine gun. The first machine gun with reliable loading, the Gatling gun had the ability to fire sustained multiple bursts.
  • Centerfire ammunition

    Centerfire ammunition
    A centerfire cartridge is a cartridge with a primer located in the center of the cartridge case head. Unlike rimfire cartridges, the primer is a separate and replaceable component.
    Centerfire cartridges have supplanted the rimfire variety in all but the smallest cartridge sizes. With the exception of some .22 and .17 caliber pistol and rifle cartridges, small-bore shotgun cartridges (intended for pest-control), and a handful of antique, mostly obsolete cartridges, almost all pistol, rifle, and
  • Cartridge revolver

    Cartridge revolver
    A revolver is a repeating firearm that has a revolving cylinder containing multiple chambers and at least one barrel for firing. The term "revolver" refers to a handgun, but other weapons may also have a revolving chamber. These include some models of grenade launchers, shotguns, and rifles.
  • Winchester rifle

    Winchester rifle
    Winchester rifle is usually used to refer to the lever-action rifles manufactured by the Winchester Repeating Arms Company, though the company has also manufactured many rifles of other action types. Winchester rifles were among the earliest repeating rifles; the Winchester repeater was incredibly popular and is colloquially known as "The Gun that Won the West" for its predominant role in the hands of Western settlers.
  • Double-action revolver

    Double-action revolver
    The revolver uses a percussion cap firing mechanism and has a cylinder that has 5 chambers in it. As you may notice, this revolver's hammer does NOT have a spur at the back, so the user cannot thumb the hammer back manually to cock it. Instead, pulling the trigger cocks the hammer back and then releases the hammer to fire it. This means, it has a longer (and harder) trigger pull than a single action revolver like the Colt and Smith & Wesson products of this period. On the other hand, rate of fir
  • Lee box magazine patented

    Lee box magazine patented
    A magazine is an ammunition storage and feeding device within or attached to a repeating firearm. Magazines can be removable (detachable) or integral to the firearm. The magazine functions by moving the cartridges stored in the magazine into a position where they may be loaded into the chamber by the action of the firearm. The detachable magazine is often controversially referred to as a clip
  • Automatic handguns invented by Joseph Laumann

    Automatic handguns invented by Joseph Laumann
    The first automatic pistol was created by Joseph Laumann in 1892. But the Borchardt pistol of 1893 was the first automatic with a separate magazine in the grip, and this remains the defining feature of the breed. More automatics came in rapid succession, including Browning, Luger, Mauser, and Colt models. By the turn of the century, just 8 years after Laumann, automatics were firmly established.
  • Borchardt pistol - automatic handgun with a separate magazine in the grip

    Borchardt pistol - automatic handgun with a separate magazine in the grip
    The Borchardt C-93 pistol was designed by Hugo Borchardt (1844–1921) in 1893. Ludwig Loewe & Company of Berlin, Germany, a manufacturer of machine tools, produced the C-93, a semi-automatic pistol that he had invented based upon the Maxim toggle-lock principle. Borchardt also developed the 7.65×25mm Borchardt cartridge around which the C-93 was built, although Georg Luger also claimed to have influenced its design. With over 3,000 manufactured by Loewe and DWM, Borchardt C-93 was the first semi-
  • First automatic rifle a Winchester.

    The Model 85 was followed by the equally innovative Mannlicher Models 91, 93 and 95 semi-automatic rifles.[2] Although Mannlicher earned his reputation with his bolt action rifle designs, he also produced a few semi-automatic pistols, including the Steyr Mannlicher M1894, which employed an unusual blow-forward action and held five rounds of 6.5 mm ammunition that were fed into the M1894 by a stripper clip.