History of Education in America

  • Colony mandates parents teach religion and laws

  • Old Deluder Satan Act

    Earliest law regarding schooling
  • Slave trade banned

  • Schools built from property tax

    Law passed in Michigan territory to use property tax money to build schools
  • School Committees

    Law requires all cities and towns to elect a school committe
  • High School

    Communities provide high school education for children
  • First state board of education

  • Normal School

    founded in Lexington, MA
  • Ipswitch Female Academy

    Founded by Zilpah Grant - prepared teachers for common schools
  • Egg Crate

    Developed by Horace Mann - Boston's Quincy School
  • American Women's Educational Association

  • Period: to

    Civil War

    women begin teaching
  • Morrill Act

    Signed by President Lincoln - gave money to states for colleges foucused on agriculture and mechanical arts.
  • Emancipation of Slaves

    Amendment XIII, XIV, XV
  • Carlisle Indian School

    Richard Henry Pratt convinces the federal Bureaur of Indian Affairs to let him convert an amry barrack into the Carlisle Indian School
  • Hatch Act

    Land Grant colleges to set up experimental farms
  • Morrill Act

    eliminated the exclusion of African American students and former Confederate state students
  • Period: to

    Progressive Movement

  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Seperate but equal
  • Dewy School

    opened in Chicago
  • Labor Union

    Margaret Haley and Catherine Goggin co-found Chicago Teachers Federation
  • Daytona Normal and Industrial Institute

    Founded by Mary McLeod Bethune for African American girls
  • First female superintendent

    Ella Flagg Young
  • Period: to


    intelligence tests created, and later applied to schools
  • restriction on immigration

  • Womens right to vote

    19th Amendment ratified
  • Snyder Act

    Mandated that Native American history and culture be taught in schools
  • Great Depression

  • Period: to


  • Modern Schools

    combined smaller district schools into larger more modern schools
  • Mendez v. Westminister School District

    State supreme court finds separate Mexican schools illegal
  • Period: to

    Cold War

  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Made segregation illegal
  • teaching machine

    created by B.F. Skinner
  • Blooms Taxonomy of Educational Objectives

    organizes and categorizes curriculum goals
  • U.S.S.R launches Suptnik

  • National Defense Education Act

    to build stronger mathematics and sciense programs
  • Economic Opportunity Act

    Signed by President Johnson - created Medicare, Medicaid, legal services, food stamps, and VISTA
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    government helps to equalize schooling, teacher preparedness, libraries, books, and programs for Native American, migrant, and homeless children
  • Bilingual Education Act

    Special assistance to language minority students
  • Deschooling movement

    led by John Holt
  • Lau v. Nichols

    Chinese student segregation illegal
  • P.L. 94-142 Education for All Handicapped Children Act

  • Indian Self-Determination and Education Act

    Empowered tribes to run their own schools
  • Technology

    mid 1990s middle school students are required to be literate in technology
  • No Child Left Behind