Humans started to construct longer lasting shelters in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia.
The Pyramids of Egypt
The Pyramids of Egypt were constructed around 2600 BC. First instance of large structures built by humans.
Period: 447 BCE to 438 BCE
The Parthenon by Ilktinos in Ancient Greece was built.
The Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China was first built in 220 BC by Qin Shi Huang who was the first Emperor of China. Part of that wall still remains.
Extensive highway system in Europe
The Romans built an extensive highway system throughout their conquered land. Built to expand trading and move legions quickly, the initial structure still remains.
The Machu Picchu located in Peru was built around 1450. It was built at the height of the Inca Empire and built in the Andes Mountains was a huge engineering achievement based of the fact it had running water and drainage systems throughout the city.
Early Education of Civil Engineers
During the 18th century, civil engineering began to be formally taught. The first engineering school was located in France and opened in 1747.
First U.S. Civil Engineering degree
The first civil engineering degree in the United States was awarded in 1835 by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
Civil Engineering Today
Civil Engineering is one of the professional engineering disciplines that contains design, construction, structures and maintenance of buildings both man-made and naturally built. Second oldest engineering, where the oldest is military engineering.