History of Cars

By 22187
  • Period: to

    first crude electric carriage

    Scottish inventor Robert Anderson invents the first crude electric carriage powered by non-rechargeable primary cells.
  • First sucessful electric automobile

    First sucessful electric automobile
    William Morrison of Des Moines, Iowa builds the first successful electric automobile in the United States.
  • First Car available to the public

    First Car available to the public
    Springfield, MA. They had purchased a used horse drawn buggy for $70 and installed a 4 HP, single cylinder gasoline engine.
  • First Electric Taxi

    First Electric Taxi
    The first electric taxis hit the streets of New York City early in the year. The Pope Manufacturing Company of Connecticut becomes the first large-scale American electric automobile manufacturer.
  • Citicar

    Vanguard-Sebring's CitiCar makes its debut at the Electric Vehicle Symposium in Washington, D.C. The CitiCar has a top speed of over 30 mph and a reliable warm-weather range of 40 miles. By 1975 the company is the sixth largest automaker in the U.S. but is dissolved only a few years later.
  • Zero Emission Vehicle

    Zero Emission Vehicle
    California passes its Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Mandate, which requires two percent of the state's vehicles to have no emissions by 1998 and 10 percent by 2003. The law is repeatedly weakened over the next decade to reduce the number of pure ZEVs it requires.
  • Toyota Prius

    Toyota Prius
    Toyota unveils the Prius -- the world's first commercially mass-produced and marketed hybrid car -- in Japan. Nearly 18,000 units are sold during the first production year.
  • Tesla Roadster

    Tesla Roadster
    Tesla Motors publicly unveils the ultra-sporty Tesla Roadster at the San Francisco International Auto Show in November. The first production Roadsters will be sold in 2008 with a base price listing of $98,950.