History of Brazilian Music

By SamSlc
  • Introduction

    The Brazilian music has as its main influence the African music, brought by the slavered people from several nations of Africa with their frenetic rhythms and instruments.
    Anyway, this was not the only one influence that came to Brazil at the time of colonization. The Europeans settler brought the scholar, ballroom dancing, the evening parties and religious music.
  • Choro

    It was the beginning of a new way to make music in Brazil into the suburbs of Capital Rio de Janeiro. It was a way more charming and tearful to play popular songs coming from Europe, which began to be called "Choro" (It means weeping).
    The virtuosity and the recognition of classical musicians at the time were remarkable. The Brazilian way of making music was taking shape, versatility, improvisation and the ability of the musicians have become features of "Choro"!
  • Marchinha

    The street carnival was brought to Brazil by Europeans in the late eighteenth century.
    While the middle and upper classes made their parties inside halls, with tours and masked balls that imitated the great balls of Paris, the lower class organized "carnival cords" in the streets, doing marches through the streets and creating consequently the samba.
    After the abolition of slavery, many blacks left the Bahia to live in Rio de Janeiro. This movement was instrumental in the creation of samba.
  • Samba

    The samba is a Brazilian musical gender that is based in a kind of dance from Africa roots and it is considered one of the main popular culture manifestation in Brazil. Among its original characteristics, the samba has its dance with small melodic verses and refrains of unknown creation.
    Even though it is a resulting musical gender of European and African musical structures, it was with the symbols of Brazilian black culture that samba was spread throughout the country.
  • Maxixe

    First genuinely Brazilian music was the Maxixe, formed from the mix between "Lundu" (It means "Umbigada" and is a kind of very sexualized samba practiced among the slavered people brought from Africa) and the Portuguese "Modinha" (It is a soft composition, usually romantic, played with a viola and danced in ballrooms.
  • Bossa Nova

    The Bossa Nova has become a reference of national music.
    In 1962 a show entitled "New Brazilian Jazz Music" took place in New York, putting the big names of the genre in evidence in other countries
    Tom Jobim was one of the artists who was deeply benefited from this show, sold many of his songs to versions in English and ended up living in the United States for a long time.
  • Jovem Guarda

    Parallel to the success of Bossa Nova, a new genre coming from outside the country began to interest young people in the country.
    The rock of Elvis Presley and the Beatles influenced young people who also wanted to form their bands at home. Also interested in this success and the impact that rock caused among young people, one of the TV channels of the time created the "Young Guard".
    Names were very important movement Roberto Carlos, Wanderléa, Nalva Aguiar, among others.
  • Tropicália

    Tropicalia was a Brazilian cultural movement that born under the influence of artistic currents of national and foreign vanguards of pop culture (such as pop-rock and concretism); mixed traditional manifestations of Brazilian culture to radical aesthetic innovations.
    This movement had political objectives as a reflect in much of society under the military dictatorship in the late 1960s. The greatest representatives were Caetano Veloso, Gal Costa, Gilberto Gil, Torquato
    Neto and more.
  • MPB

    The MPB (Brazilian popular music) was formed not only as a cultural movement, but also as a protest against the military dictatorship in the country and presented to the public names such as Chico Buarque, Geraldo Vandre and Edu Lobo.
    The transition to the 1970s was marked by the consolidation of Brazilian popular music, a term that suggested a more sophisticated kind of music than that made in other also popular trends in Brazilian music.
    Famous artists:Caetano Veloso,Gilberto Gil,Djavan etc
  • Pagode

    Pagode, a samba variation, originated in Rio de Janeiro in the late 1970s within traditional samba circles known as "fundo de quintal." The term "pagode" dates back to the 19th century in Brazil, initially associated with slave quarter celebrations and later becoming synonymous with any party.Over time, it evolved into a term for samba itself, used by dancers for their events.The musical aspect of pagode emerged as a marginalized, popular expression outside mainstream Brazilian media events.
  • Samba-Reggae

    It emerged between 1986 and 2000 in Bahia, created by the Neguinho do Samba and Mestre Jackson by a mixing of samba-duro (a variant of samba de roda) with reggae featuring two drums, a tambourine a conga drum, a guitar or viola electronics instead of the cavaquinho and instruments of Latin music, with strong influences from merengue, salsa and candomblé.
  • Axé

    The Axe, is a music genre that emerged in the state of Bahia in the 1980s during the mass demonstrations of the Salvador Carnival, mixing the Pernambuco frevo, African-Brazilian rhythms, reggae, merengue, forró, maracatu and other African- Latin rhythms.
    Some famous names of this genera are: Ivete Sangalo, Claudia Leitte, Saulo Fernandes, Bell Marques and more.
  • Eletronic Brazilian Music

    Funk Carioca - The funk is a musical style derived from the slums of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Their lyrics reflect the daily life of the communities or make exaltation to them. As a result, it became increasingly popular and the balls multiplied.
    Favela/Brazilian Trap - It is a brand new variation of the American Trap music mixed with several elements of the Brazilian culture.