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History of animation

By efka420
  • The magic lantern

    The magic lantern
    As far as the humanity knows, the first ever attempt to project drawings was made in the year of 1650 by either Christiaan Huygens or Athanasius Kircher.
  • Thaumatrope

    Thaumatrope
    Thaumatrope was a toy used in the Victorian era and is credited to John Ayrton Paris or Peter Mark Roget. A thaumatrope is a circular card which has two different pictures on both of its sides. It is attached to a piece of string which runs through the centre of the card. Both of the sides of the string have to be twirled quickly between fingers in order to make the two pictures combine into one due to persistence of vision.
  • First newpaper published about persistence of vision

    First newpaper published about persistence of vision
    Peter Roget presented his paper 'The persistence of vision with regard to moving objects' to the British Royal Society.
  • Phenakistoscope

    Phenakistoscope
    Phenakistoscope is another animation device which was invented in the year of 1831, simultaneously, by the Belgian Joseph Plateau and the Austrian Simon von Stampfer.
    Phenakistoscope creates an illusion of motion using the persistence of vision principle. It consists of two disks, one having slits on its edge and the other a sequence of images. The motion can be seen if the user looks trough the opening (which is on the first disc).
  • Zoetrope

    Zoetrope
    Zoetrope effectively creates an illusion of motion by rapid succession of static pictures. The word come from Greek meaning "motion" or a "wheel of life". The zoetrope consists of a cylinder with slits cut vertically in the sides. On the inner surface of the cylinder is a band with images from a set of sequenced pictures. As the cylinder spins, the user looks through the slits at the pictures across. This way cylinder creates a mechanical illusion of animation.
  • Flip Book

    Flip Book
    First flip book was patented by John Barness Linett in 1868. Flip book is simply a little book of especially springy pages. The viewers bend back pages and release them one at a time. This little book works because of a psychological fact of our brain being able to focus better on stationary images rather than moving.
  • Kinetoscope

    Kinetoscope
    Thomas Edison announced his first kinaesthopic 50 ft. long movie that lasted for approximately 13 seconds.
  • "Humorous Phases of Funny Faces"

    "Humorous Phases of Funny Faces"
    J. Stuart Blackton created the first animated film called Humorous Phases of Funny Faces. What he did was he drew funny faces on a blackboard adn then filmed them.
  • Phantansmagorie

    Phantansmagorie
    In France, Emile Cohl produced a film, Phantasmagorie which was the first depicting white figures on a black background.
  • Gertie the Dinosaur

    Gertie the Dinosaur
    Gertie the Dinosaur character was released in 1914 by Winsor McCay. Although it wasn't the first animated film, it was considered the first cartoon that had a character with an appealing personality. It was made using keyframe animation and had a total run time of 12 seconds.
  • Cel Animation

    Cel Animation
    Mr.Winsor McCay invented a revolutionary method of creating animations, in order to save time and money. Instead of drawing on a single sheet of paper and then redrawing the whole scene for (12 frames/s), the scenes were drawn in parts on thin transparent celluloid acetate or in other words "cel". For example, on layer would consist of a background, then body on another layer, next layer would be a head and the next would have expressions.
  • "Steam Boat Willy"

    "Steam Boat Willy"
    "Steam Boat Willy" was produced in 1928 by Walt Disney. It was the first cartoon that had sound that was in snyc with the film.
  • Disney Brothers Cartoon studio opening

    Disney Brothers Cartoon studio opening
    The Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio was founded on October 16th 1923 by Walt & Roy Disney. The company was opened in the silent era and the creation of the Alice Comedies began this day.
  • Elbert Tuganov Founds Puppet Animation Division

    Elbert Tuganov Founds Puppet Animation Division
    Elbert managed to grow his staff number to 20, it was decided that puppets would make their way into his studio. He made a number of films for both adults and children.
  • The Smurfs are Introduce by Pierre Culliford

    The Smurfs are Introduce by Pierre Culliford
    Pierre CUlliford introduced the Smurfs first in a comic strip in a Belgian magazine called Spirou. Later it was translated into English and was made into a cartoon for children by Hanna Barbera Productions. Pierre Culliford introduced the Smurfs first in a comic strip in a Belgian magazine, Spirou. Later it was translated into English and was made into a children cartoon by the Hanna-Barbera Productions.
  • Jurassic park

    Jurassic park
    Jurassic Park use of CG for realistic living creatures.
  • Toy story

    Toy story
    Toy Story first full-length 3D CG feature film.
  • Snow white and seven Dwarfs

    Snow white and seven Dwarfs
    In 1937 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs became the first full-length animation that were movie size. I was also the first produced full colour and the first to be produced by Walth Disney productions.