History of American Education

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    History of American Education Time Span

  • Establishment of Harvard College

    Boys who enrolled in latin grammar schools prepared to attend here.
  • Massachusetts Act of 1642

    required each town to determine whether young people could read and write. made education a mandatory resposibility.
  • Massachusetts Acts of 1647

    "Old Deluder Satan Act", mandated the establishment and support of schools (education is the best protection from the wiles of the devil)
  • Ben Franklin founded the first public library

    created a free place for learning for all people.
  • Arithematic was introduced to the curriculum of Latin grammar schools

  • Ben Franklin establishes the English Language Grammar School

    Provided a more broader and practical education compared to the old latin grammar school.
  • Sarah Pierce made the first Female Academy

    Litchfield Female Academy. Gave women the opportunity to attend English academies.
  • Noah Webster creates the first dictionary

    Introduction of American English spellings.
  • Thomas Jefferson establishes The University of Virginia

    Public research university.
  • Catherine Beecher opened a female school with her sister.

    she ran the school until 1831, expanded school into a female seminary
  • Freidrich Froebel founded the Play and Activity Institute

    His focus on preschool child education had abig impact on American education. Including the creation of the term "kindergarten".
  • William Holmes McGuffey publishes the McGuffey readers

    100 million copies. Benefit to childrens' education
  • Horace Mann becomes secretary of the board of education of Massachusetts

    Became an education reformer
  • Freidrich Froebel creates the word "kindergarten"

  • Horace Mann founded and edited The Common School Journal

    targets the public school, and it's problems
  • Horace Mann supports the adoption of the Prussian school system min Massachusetts schools.

    The system was adopted and shortly after, the governor of New York adopted the same methods in New York schools under a trial basis.
  • Morrill Land-Grant Act

    provided federal land for states either to sell or rent in order to raise funds for the establishment of colleges of agriculture and mechanical arts. each state was given a land subsidy of 30,000 acres for each rep and senator in its congressional delegation
  • Booker T. Washington founded Tuskegee Institute.

    Industrial school for African Americans in rural Alabama.
  • Jane Addams founded the Hull House

    settlement house for immigrants that sponsored college extension courses.
  • William E. Dubois is the first African American to recieve a Ph.D

  • John Dewey established the Laboratory School

    tested the progressive principles in the classroom
  • Mary Bethune teaches at Haines Normal where she becomes influenced by the founder, Lucy Laney, and becomes inspired to improve black education, especially for women.

  • Jane Addams went on an educational lecture tour

  • W.E.B. Dubois publishes The Sould of Black Folk

    Expansion of his views, including philosophy of education of African Americans.
  • Mary Bethune starts the Literary and Industrial Training School for Negro Girls in Daytona Beach.

  • Jane Addams emphasizes the importance of recreation and educational programs for immigrant children in the Americanization process in "The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets"

    included art and drama, kindergarten classes, boys' and girls' clubs, language classes, reading groups, college extension courses
  • Maria Montessori creates the work "The Montessori Method"

    focuses on creating learning environments for children based on their levels of development and readiness to learn new material.
  • Brown Vs. Board of Education

    fought for equal education regardless of race.
  • John Holt founded the first educational newsletter "Growing Without Schooling"

    support of homeschooling also known as "unschooling"
  • John Holt starts a bookstore

    what many schools use a textbooks today are made by his company
  • William Bennett's time as U.S Secretary of Education

    his political viewpoints included: competency teasting for teachers, opening the teaching profession to others who did not come from schools of education, pay based on performance, school choice, and accountability just to name a few.