Government politics

Government Timeline project

  • 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    Moved from rule of man to rule of law and outlined individual rights the king could not violate.
  • Mayflower Compact

    Each charter guaranteed colonists the “rights of Englishmen.”
  • Petition of Right

    Petition of Right
    Required monarchs to obtain Parliamentary approval before new taxes, and said government could not unlawfully imprison people or establish military rule during times of peace
  • King Charles defeated

    King Charles is beheaded after a civil war between himself and Parliament
  • Iroquois Confederation

    Iroquois Confederation
    British colonies formed an alliance with 6 Native American nations
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    Guaranteed free speech and protection from cruel and unusual punishment
  • The Enlightenment

    The Enlightenment
    Framers of the U.S. Constitution believed in people’s natural rights to life, liberty, and property.
  • Boston Massacre

    British soldiers fired into crowd and 5 colonists died
  • Intolerable Acts

    Colonists were forced to “Quarter,” or house, British troops
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    Repealed the Intolerable Acts and Declared independence from Britain. Britain rejected the declaration.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    Established a Continental Army and Declared Independence from Britain.
  • Declaration of Independence

    The Declaration of Independence, which blamed the King for the colony's issues is signed
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    First National Government that gave little to no power to the Federal government, and instead states held most of the power.
  • Shay’s Rebellion

    Massachusetts farmers rebelled over prospect of losing land
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    Drafted a new US Constitution
  • Northwest Ordinance

    Established a plan for settling the Northwest Territory
  • Federalist Paper Gazette

    Federalist Paper Gazette
    Federalist paper Gazette of the United States published​
  • Full faith and Credit Clause

    Full faith and Credit Clause
    Contract in one state must be honored in other states (driver’s license, marriage)
  • Bill of Rights

    Bill of Rights
    The first 10 amendments made to the Constitution
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    McCulloch v. Maryland
    U.S. Supreme Court decision that defined the scope of the U.S. Congress's legislative power and how it relates to the powers of American state legislatures.
  • Gibbons v Odgen

    Gibbons v Odgen
    Court said only Congress has the right to regulate commerce between states
  • Spoils System

    Government jobs were given out as political rewards to people who supported the president’s policies or campaign
  • Doctrine of Nullification

    Doctrine of Nullification
    States had the right to nullify (cancel) national laws that they believed contradicted state interests
  • Dred Scott vs. Sandford

    Dred Scott vs. Sandford
    Court said that Scott, as an African-American and previously property, was not a citizen ​
  • Doctrine of secession

    Doctrine of secession
    States had the right to separate themselves from the Union
  • Morill Act

    Morill Act
    System of spending, taxing, and providing aid in the federal system
  • Privileges and immunities clause

    Privileges and immunities clause
    Citizens of each state should receive all the privileges and immunities of any state where they are currently located
  • The Civil Service

    Made up of civilians who carry out the work of the federal government
  • Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882​

    Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882​
    Ended Chinese immigration to the US​
  • Pendleton Civil Service Act

    Based hiring and promotions on merit and not party affiliation
  • Sherman Anti Trust Act

    Sherman Anti Trust Act
    A federal statute which prohibits activities that restrict interstate commerce and competition in the marketplace.
  • 17th Amendment

    17th Amendment
    The people can vote for Senators
  • 16th Amendment

    Gave Congress authority to set a federal income tax.
  • Cooperative Federalism

    Cooperative Federalism
    States and national governments worked together to deal with the Great Depression
  • Free Exercise Clause

    Each citizen is guaranteed the right to hold any religious beliefs they choose
  • United States v. Darby

    United States v. Darby
    Upheld Fair Labor Standards Act; Commerce Clause allows Congress to regulate employment conditions​
  • Executive Order 9066

    Executive Order 9066
    FDR required all people of Japanese descent on the West Coast to report to "War Relocation Centers" (internment camps)​
  • Korematsu v. the United States

    Upheld involuntary internment of ethnically Japanese American citizens​
  • 22nd Amendment

    22nd Amendment
    U.S. President can serve up to 10 years or two 4-year terms
  • Health and Human Services

    Health and Human Services
    Protects health of people
  • Devolution

    Returning power to the states
  • Fiscal Federalism

    System of spending, taxing, and providing aid in the federal system.
  • Edwards v. South Carolina

    Edwards v. South Carolina
    187 African-American students gathered at the state capitol to protest racial injustice
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    Outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
  • Miranda v. Arizona

    Miranda v. Arizona
    Expanded rights of people accused of crimes
  • Freedom of Information Act

    Freedom of Information Act
    Allows citizens access to written records kept by federal agencies
  • Loving V. Virginia

    Loving V. Virginia
    Struck down all state laws banning interracial marriage​
  • Age Discrimination in Employment Act

    Age Discrimination in Employment Act
    Protects applicants and employees of 40+ years old from discrimination based on age in hiring, promotion, discharge, compensation, privileges, etc. of employment.
  • 25th Amendment

    25th Amendment
    Sets up the formal processes of Presidential Succession
  • War Powers Resolution

    War Powers Resolution
    President must consult with Congress before sending troops
  • Harlow v. Fitzgerald

    Established the rationale for qualified immunity
  • Tennessee v. Garner

    Limited police use of lethal force
  • Graham v. Connor

    Juries must consider if the officer believed force was reasonable
  • Americans with Disabilities Act

    Americans with Disabilities Act
    Prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public.
  • Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigration Responsibility Act of 1996​

    Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigration Responsibility Act of 1996​
    Increased border control; easier to deport undocumented aliens, increased penalties for smuggling people into the country.​
  • Block Grants

    Congress gave states authority to manage welfare systems with block grants.
  • "Contract With America"

    "Contract With America"
    Reduced size of nat. govt. by eliminating federal programs and combining others
  • Dept. of Homeland Security

    Dept. of Homeland Security
    Dept. of Homeland Security was formed to protect the nation from terrorism and natural disaster.
  • McDonald v. Chicago

    McDonald v. Chicago
    Ruled 2nd Amendment applies to federal, state, and local governments; upheld 2nd Amendment
  • Trump v Hawaii

    Trump v Hawaii
    Court ruled a ban on immigration from majority-Muslim countries did not violate the Establishment Clause ​