Moved from rule of man to rule of law and outlined individual rights the king could not violate.
Each charter guaranteed colonists the “rights of Englishmen.”
Petition of Right
Required monarchs to obtain Parliamentary approval before new taxes, and said government could not unlawfully imprison people or establish military rule during times of peace
King Charles defeated
King Charles is beheaded after a civil war between himself and Parliament
British colonies formed an alliance with 6 Native American nations
English Bill of Rights
Guaranteed free speech and protection from cruel and unusual punishment
Framers of the U.S. Constitution believed in people’s natural rights to life, liberty, and property.
British soldiers fired into crowd and 5 colonists died
Colonists were forced to “Quarter,” or house, British troops
First Continental Congress
Repealed the Intolerable Acts and Declared independence from Britain. Britain rejected the declaration.
Second Continental Congress
Established a Continental Army and Declared Independence from Britain.
Declaration of Independence
The Declaration of Independence, which blamed the King for the colony's issues is signed
Articles of Confederation
First National Government that gave little to no power to the Federal government, and instead states held most of the power.
Massachusetts farmers rebelled over prospect of losing land
Drafted a new US Constitution
Established a plan for settling the Northwest Territory
Federalist Paper Gazette
Federalist paper Gazette of the United States published
Full faith and Credit Clause
Contract in one state must be honored in other states (driver’s license, marriage)
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments made to the Constitution
McCulloch v. Maryland
U.S. Supreme Court decision that defined the scope of the U.S. Congress's legislative power and how it relates to the powers of American state legislatures.
Gibbons v Odgen
Court said only Congress has the right to regulate commerce between states
Government jobs were given out as political rewards to people who supported the president’s policies or campaign
Doctrine of Nullification
States had the right to nullify (cancel) national laws that they believed contradicted state interests
Dred Scott vs. Sandford
Court said that Scott, as an African-American and previously property, was not a citizen
Doctrine of secession
States had the right to separate themselves from the Union
System of spending, taxing, and providing aid in the federal system
Privileges and immunities clause
Citizens of each state should receive all the privileges and immunities of any state where they are currently located
The Civil Service
Made up of civilians who carry out the work of the federal government
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
Ended Chinese immigration to the US
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Based hiring and promotions on merit and not party affiliation
Sherman Anti Trust Act
A federal statute which prohibits activities that restrict interstate commerce and competition in the marketplace.
The people can vote for Senators
Gave Congress authority to set a federal income tax.
States and national governments worked together to deal with the Great Depression
Free Exercise Clause
Each citizen is guaranteed the right to hold any religious beliefs they choose
United States v. Darby
Upheld Fair Labor Standards Act; Commerce Clause allows Congress to regulate employment conditions
Executive Order 9066
FDR required all people of Japanese descent on the West Coast to report to "War Relocation Centers" (internment camps)
Korematsu v. the United States
Upheld involuntary internment of ethnically Japanese American citizens
U.S. President can serve up to 10 years or two 4-year terms
Health and Human Services
Protects health of people
Returning power to the states
System of spending, taxing, and providing aid in the federal system.
Edwards v. South Carolina
187 African-American students gathered at the state capitol to protest racial injustice
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
Miranda v. Arizona
Expanded rights of people accused of crimes
Freedom of Information Act
Allows citizens access to written records kept by federal agencies
Loving V. Virginia
Struck down all state laws banning interracial marriage
Age Discrimination in Employment Act
Protects applicants and employees of 40+ years old from discrimination based on age in hiring, promotion, discharge, compensation, privileges, etc. of employment.
Sets up the formal processes of Presidential Succession
War Powers Resolution
President must consult with Congress before sending troops
Harlow v. Fitzgerald
Established the rationale for qualified immunity
Tennessee v. Garner
Limited police use of lethal force
Graham v. Connor
Juries must consider if the officer believed force was reasonable
Americans with Disabilities Act
Prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public.
Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigration Responsibility Act of 1996
Increased border control; easier to deport undocumented aliens, increased penalties for smuggling people into the country.
Congress gave states authority to manage welfare systems with block grants.
"Contract With America"
Reduced size of nat. govt. by eliminating federal programs and combining others
Dept. of Homeland Security
Dept. of Homeland Security was formed to protect the nation from terrorism and natural disaster.
McDonald v. Chicago
Ruled 2nd Amendment applies to federal, state, and local governments; upheld 2nd Amendment
Trump v Hawaii
Court ruled a ban on immigration from majority-Muslim countries did not violate the Establishment Clause