The limited government began in 1215 when King John signed the Magna Carta
House of Burgesses
The Jamestown's House of Burgesses was established.
Each charter on the mayflower guaranteed colonists the "rights of Englishmen"
Petition of Rights
King Charles required to sign the Petition of Rights
King Charles Beheaded
Extended conflict between Charles and parliament erupted into civil war.
Rebellion between the crown and parliament
Renewed conflicts and rebellion between the crown and parliament.
William and Mary Chosen
William and Mary chosen to rule, but had to govern according to statues of parliament.
English Bill of Rights passed
Guaranteed freedom of speech and protection from cruel and unusual punishment.
During these two years there were taxes placed on good duch as paper goods and legal documents, as well others, being created as the Sugar Act and Stamp Act.
British soldiers fired into a crowd and 5 colonists died.
Boston Tea Party
Revolutionaries dumped British Tea into the harbor due to taxes on this tea.
Colonists were forced to "Quarter", or house, British troops
Declaration of Independence
Likely drawn from Virginia Declaration of Rights and inspired by John Locke, blamed the King for a variety of issues in the Colonies, signed by the delegates to the Second Continental Congress on August 2, 1776.
Articles of Confederation
This confederation was the first national government, in which colonies kept their "sovereignty, freedom, and independence", although it had very little powers.
This agreement established a plan for settling the Northwest Territory, which included disputed lands, created system for admitting states to the Union, banned slavery in the territory, and guided nation’s western expansion
Growth of Mass Media
The Federalist Paper Gazette of the United States was published.
Established a Three-tiered Judicial Structure
Both state and national governments were equal authorities operating within their own spheres of influence
National government only had powers listed in Constitution
Both state and national governments were equal authorities operating within their own spheres of influence, strict reading, national government only had powers listed in Constitution
Newspaper and Media
Whigs countered with National Gazette.
Bill of Rights
This document was ratified in 1791, with 17 amendments passed, and the Constitution has provided a stable, flexible government
Chief Justice John Marshall
John Marshall became Chief Justice and began to expand the power of the Supreme Court
Marbury v. Madison
Power of judicial review
The 12th amendment allows the President to choose the V.P.
McCulloch v. Maryland
Maryland taxed the national bank and couldn't tax bank b/c it could weaken the national govt.
Gibbons v. Ogden
A court case was held that established the principle that states cannot, by legislative enactment, interfere with the power of Congress to regulate commerce, especially by steamship.
Seneca Falls Convention
First national women's rights convention in the US, this called for equal rights in voting, education, and property.
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Dred Scott, a slave who sued for his and his family's freedom after being taken to a free state, was denied his citizenship and stated as property.
Granted large tracts of land to states; states sold land and used money for colleges
Reconstruction took place during this time, as the Supreme Court narrowly interpreted the 13th-15th amendments
This area was the first to grant women the right to vote
Population of the US doubled between these times.
The Chinese Exclusion Act
This act ended Chinese immigration to the U.S.
Plessy v. Ferguson
This case ruled segregation was legal as long as the facilities were equal; "Separate but equal" doctrine
Congress passed an amendment in the Constitution of the United States that provided for the direct election of the U.S. senators by the voters of the states.
Media and Entertainment
Radio became the first form of electronic media
Native American Citizenship
Native Americans were granted citizenship
The total number of Representatives per state was fixed by law at 435.
States and national governments worked together to deal with the Great Depression
Many cases about FDR's New Deal reached the Supreme Court
States and national governments worked together to deal with the Great Depression, many cases about FDR's New Deal reached the Supreme Court.
The New Deal Era
The New Deal Era brought many things, but the court saw Roosevelt's economic legislation as an assault on property rights and ruled that some programs violated the Constitution.
Roosevelt served 12 years as president and packed the court with nominees that supported expansion of govt. power
United States v. MIller
This case ruled that the 2nd Amendment does not protect the right to have all types of weapons
United States v. Darby
This case upheld Fair Labor Standards Act; Commerce Clause allows Congress to regulate employment conditions
Executive Order 9066
FDR required all people of Japanese descent on the West Coast to report to "War Relocation Centers" (internment camps)
Korematsu v. the United States
Upheld involuntary internment of ethnically Japanese American citizens
National Security Council
The National Security Council was created.
Television replaced radio as most influential electronic media
Benefits of Interest Groups
Give minority interests voice in the political process, such as civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s.
Brown v. Board of Education
This case ruled the segregation is illegal and created "Separate is inherently unequal"
Government program to eliminate poverty and social inequality.
Johnson created creative federalism, which released national funds to achieve national goals.
Civil Rights Act
Banned discrimination based on race, color, religion, gender, or national origin in voting, employment, and public accommodations. This act was passed under the Commerce Clause of the Constitution, so businesses had to follow the law as well.
Miranda v. Arizona
This case expanded the rights of people accused of crimes, "Miranda Rights"
Loving v. Virginia
Struck down all state laws banning interracial marriage
Tinker v, Des Moines
Schools couldn't prevent students from protesting the Vietnam War
War Powers Resolution
This resolution, created in 1973, stated that the President must consult with Congress before sending troops and Congress can force the president to end use of military with a concurrent resolution.
A new kind of federalism began in 1980, which returned some authority to state governments. With this new plan, Ronald Reagan believed state governments could better provide services to the people.
Issues in Federalism Today
Congress gave states authority to manage welfare systems with block grants.
This security was added to reorganize agencies already in place such as law enforcement, border security, transportation, immigration, secret service, and the coast guard. This was created after the attack on 9/11.
District of Columbia v. Heller
Ruled the 2nd amendment protects an individual's rights to keep and bear arms for self-defense
McDonald v. Chicago
McDonald v. Chicago ruled that the 2nd Amendment applies to federal, state, and local governments; upheld the 2nd Amendment
Trump v. Hawaii
Court ruled a ban on immigration from majority-Muslim countries did not violate the Establishment Clause