Key Terms (Foundations of American Government)

  • Benjamin Rush

    Was a founding father, during the American Revolution, Rush was appointed surgeon- the Continental Army and treat the wounded soldiers at several battles.
  • Charles Carroll

    He was the last signer of the Declaration of Independence, he was also one of the wealthiest men in the 13 colonies. He became a loud voice for American Independence. He also got elected to the Committee of Correspondence and the to the Second Continental Congress. Carroll also organized the burning of the Peggy Stewart in response to the tea tax (The Boston Tea Party) on October 19, 1774.
  • John Hancock picture

    This picture goes with the John Hancock event!!!
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    John Hancock

    John Hancock is the leader of the American Revolution leader, signer of the Declaration of Independence, governor of Massachusetts, president of the second continental congress from (1775-1777) 1st governor of the common wealth of Massachusetts.
  • "E Plurbus Unum"

    Means "out of many, one" is a 13 letter phrase on the Seal of the United States. The motto was suggested in 1776 by Pierre Eugene du Simitiere.
  • John Trumbull Sr.

    By the 1760's, Trumbulls business was very successful. In 1766 he began to suffer irreparable losses in trade and by 1769 he was retired from business and virtually bankrupt.
  • Declaration of Independence

    The DOI is an important part of American democracy because it contains the goals of our nation, contains complaints of the colonists again the British king, and it contains why the arguments the colonists used to explain why they wanted to be free of British rule.
  • John Jay

    He was a Founding Father and served as the first chief of the U.S. Supreme Court. In 1777 he drafted the state's first constitution. In 1778 he was chosen president of the Continental Congress.
  • Alexander Hamilton

    He was a member if the Continental Congress, and author of the Federalist Papers, a champion of the constitution and the 1st secretary of the treasury. In 1776 he became Captain of Artillery. Battle of Long Island, he joined Washingtons staff in 1777, he remained until Febuary 1781. He also commanded a Battery of Artillery at the Battle of Yorktown.
  • Benjamin Franklin

    He has a successful printing business in Philadelphia and grew wealthy. During the American Revolution, he served in the Second Continental Congress and helped draft the Declaration of Independence in 1776. He also negotiated the 1783 Treaty of Paris that ended the Revolutionary War (1775-83)
  • John Witherspoon

    Founding Father, signer of the Declaration of Independence, he was the only active clergyman to sign the Declaration of Independence, he also signed the Articles of Confederation and supported the ratification of the constitution. In 1789 he was Convening Moderator of the 1st general assembly of the presbyterian church in the United States of America.
  • Bill of Rights

    Federalists argued that the Constitution did not need a bill of rights, because the people and the states kept any powers not given to the federal government. Anti-Federalists held that a bill of rights was necessary to safeguard individual liberty.
  • John Peter Muhlenberg

    Army clergyman, continental army solider during the American Revolutionary War, and political figure in the newly independent United States. Also, he was in office in Pennsylvania.
  • James Madison

    James Madison was elected the fourth President of the United States. Also, he was known as the "Father of the Constitution," he was the last founding father to serve at President. He wrote the first draft of the U.S. Constitution, co-authored the Federalist Papers and sponsered the Bill of Rights.
  • 17.1 Liberty

    Basic freedoms and freedom from the tyrannical government
  • 17.2 Egalitarianism

    Society of equals; no permanent class structure
  • 17.3 Individualism

    people are free the pursue their own person goals
  • 17.4 Populism

    Participation of common people in political life
  • 17.5 Laissez-Faire

    The government has "hands off" approach to the economy
  • Eminent Domain

    The US Supreme court 1st examined domain power in 1876 in Kohl vc. U.S. Eminent Domain is the right of a government or its agent to expropriate private property for public use, with payment of compensation.
  • "In God We Trust"

    It was adopted as the nation's motto in 1956 as an alternative or replacement to the unofficial motto of "E plurbis unum"
  • Alex de Tocqueville

    He was a French diplomat, political scientist and historian. He was best known for his works "Democracy in America and The Old Regime and the Revolution. His book "Democracy in America" was published in 1835.
  • US Constitution

    Established America's national government and fundamental laws, and guaranteed certain basic rights for its citizens. It was signed September 17, 1787 by delegates by the constitutional convention in Philadelphia. (Presided over George Washington)