Gilded age

Glided Age

  • Period: to

    The Gilded Age This era reprsents the courption of the US goverment and the propertiy of a small group of people. Also many domstic events leading up to WW1.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    The 14th Amendment to the US Constitution grants citizenship to anyone born in the United States and guarantees due process and equal protection of the laws. It serves as the basis for applying the rights specified in the US Constitution to the states.
  • A golden spike for the new transcontinental railroad

    A golden spike is driven into a railroad tie at Promontory Point, Utah, completing the transcontinental railroad. Built in just over three years by 20,000 workers, it had 1,775 miles of track. The railroad's promoters received 23 million acres of land and $64 million in loans as an incentive.
  • Indians are not Independent nations

    Congress declares that Indian tribes will no longer be treated as independent nations with whom the government must conduct negotiations.
  • 15th Amendment

    The 15th Amendment to the US Constitution guarantees the right to vote regardless "of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
  • Naturalization Act of 1870

    Set up rules and premataors in order to alow African Americans become citizens.
  • The Great Chicago Fire

    The Great Chicago Fire
    The Great Chicago Fire claims 250 lives and destroys 17,500 buildings. It started in the barn of owned by Patrick and Catherine O'Leary. It was created when a cow kicked a lit lantrn and thus it spread.
  • A.M. Ward issues the first mail-order catalog

    This first catalogue was a single sheet of paper with a price list, 8 by 12 inches, showing the merchandise for sale and ordering instructions.
  • Crédit Mobilier Scandal

    Distributed Crédit Mobilier shares of stock to other congressmen and making cash bribes, during the Andrew Johnson presidency.
  • Ulysses S. Grant Reelected

    Ulysses S. Grant Reelected
    He created envorment conservation parks such as Yellowstone,passed the 15th amendment, and Naturalization act.
  • women sufferage arrest

    Susan B. Anthony and other women's suffrage advocates are arrested for attempting to vote in Rochester, N.Y.
  • The Comstock Act

    The Comstock Act
    The Comstock Act prohibits the mailing of obscene literacry, including contraceptive devices and information. This act also banned the distribution of information on abortion for educational purposes.
  • Panic of 1873

    The collapse of Jay Cooke and Company, a Philadelphia investment bank, triggers a nationwide financial panic that leads to a broader economic depression which lasts until 1879.
  • Joseph Glidden invents barbed wire.

    Joseph Glidden invents barbed wire.
    Created away fro farmers to enlocse their lands settling land disbutes for many western farmers.
  • First Kiddnapping for Money

    4-years-old Charley Brewster Ross is abducted, the country's first kidnapping for ransom. The child was never found.
  • American, C. Goodyear, Jr. invents the shoe welt stitcher.

    It gave men's shoes the "finished look" and also made it quicker to achive.
  • Specie Payment Resumption Act

    It brought bac k the gold standard for US currancy and raise revanue. It also created to reverse inflationary.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1875

     Civil Rights Act of 1875
    Congress passes the Civil Rights Act of 1875 to guarantee equal use of public accommodations and places of public amusement. It also forbids the exclusion of African Americans from jury duty.
  • Telephone

    29-year-old Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone.
  • four-stroke internal combustion engine

    Nicolaus August Otto invents the first practical four-stroke internal combustion engine. It was the first alturative to the steam engine.
  • Melville Bissell patents the carpet sweeper.

    It was the first vacumcleaner.
  • George Custer and little horn

    George Custer and little horn
    George A. Custer and 265 officers and enlisted men are killed by Sioux Indians led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse at the Little Horn River in Montana.
  • Rutherford B. Hayes is elected president of the United States

    Rutherford B. Hayes is elected president of the United States
    His presidency marked the end of Reconstruction in the South. Hayes also,tried to albolish the color line by tirying enforceing the civil rights law however coud not convice congress to provide the funds.
  • Railroad Strike of 1877

    Railroad Strike of 1877
    Brakemen and firemen from the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad walk off the job at Camden Junction, Maryland, initiating a wildcat strike that will shut down thousands of miles of track throughout the northeastern United States.
  • Women and attorneys

    Congress grants woman attorneys the right to argue cases before the Supreme Court.
  • Let there be light!

    Thomas Edison invents the light bulb
  • The British Perforated Paper Company invents a form of toilet paper.

    This was the first soft paper made for bathrooms.
  • James Garfield Elected President

    James Garfield Elected President
    He had very short 4 months of presendency and belived in the spoil system. He also appointed many ambassitors in United Kingdon and in Turkey.
  • Garfield Assasination

    President James Garfield is shot by Charles Guiteau, a deranged federal office-seeker. Garfield will die on 19 September. Vice-President Chester A. Arthur will be sworn is as president one day later.
  • Tuskegee Institute

    Tuskegee Institute
    Booker T. Washington opens Tuskegee Institute. He made this to help further eduacte colored people.
  • Pace v. Alabama

    In Pace v. Alabama, the Supreme Court rules that an Alabama creating laws that punished illegal interracial intercourse than for illegal intercourse between parties of the same race did not violate the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    Congress passes the Chinese Exclusion Act, barring Chinese Chinese immigration for ten years. It was the first immagration law keeping a specific minoratiy from immagrating in to the U.S.
  • Pendleton Act

    Created so that government jobs would be awarded on the basis of merit, meaning that they have to be complished in the feild they where to be hired in. It also made it illegal to fire or demote government employees for political reasons and stoped the selling of campaign donations on Federal government property.
  • Supreme Court Ruling

    The Supreme Court rules that the Civil Rights Act of 1875 only forbids state-imposed discrimination, not that by individuals or corporations.

    Construction begins in Chicago on the first building with a steel skeleton, William Jenney's ten-story Home Insurance Company, marking the birth of the skyscraper
  • Frenchmen, H. de Chardonnet invents rayon.

    Expaned fashion and practical fabrics.

    Rev. Samuel D. Burchard of New York calls the Democrats the party of "Rum, Romanism, and Rebellion." With help of Irish-American voters, Democratic presidential nominee Grover Cleveland carried New York by 1,149 votes and won the election.
  • Cleveland Elected President

    Cleveland Elected President
    He did not used the spoil system, he also faceded a repulbican senate and used his veto abilltiy quite offten. He also tried to fix tariffs and the sliver and gold issues.
  • Harim Maxim invents the machine gun.

    Harim Maxim invents the machine gun.
    Revalutionized war and gave the U.S an advantage.
  • First automobile powered by an internal-combustion engine

    Karl Benz invents the first practical automobile to be powered by an internal-combustion engine. This paved the way for more car revalutions.
  • Haymarket bombing

    Haymarket bombing
    The Haymarket Square bombing in Chicago kills seven police officers and wounds sixty.
  • Lady Liberty

    Lady Liberty
    President Grover Cleveland unveils the Statue of Liberty.
  • American Federation of Labor

    American Federation of Labor
    The American Federation of Labor was founded, with Samuel Gompers as president. Membership was restricted to skilled craftsmen.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    The Interstate Commerce Act requires railroads to charge reasonable rates and forbids them from from offering rate reductions to preferred customers.
  • The Johnsontown Flood

    The Johnsontown Flood
    An abandoned reservoir breaks, flooding the city of Johnstown, Pa, and killing 2,295 people.
  • Andrew Carnegie's "Gospel of Wealth"

    Andrew Carnegie's "Gospel of Wealth"
    It is all about created your own wealth and name for yourself though, hard work and determation.
  • Sherman Anti-turst Act

    Congress passes the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. It stops certain business activities that federal government make to be anticompetitive, and requires the federal government to investigate and pursue trusts, companies, and organizations suspected of being two faced. It was the first federal statute to limit cartels and monopolies, and still forms the base for most antitrusts by the United States federal government.
  • Mississippi Plan.

    Mississippi restricts black suffrage by requiring voters to demonstrate an ability to read and interpret the US Constitution.
  • Wounded Knee Massacre

    Wounded Knee Massacre
    Sioux chief Big Foot and some 350 of his followers camped on the banks of Wounded Knee creek. Surrounding their camp was a force of U.S. troops charged with the responsibility of arresting Big Foot and disarming his warriors.
  • Ellis Island opens

    Ellis Island opens
    Jan. 1:
    Ellis Island opens to screen immigrants. Twenty million immigrants passed through it before it was closed in 1954.
  • Homestead Steel Strike the start,

    Homestead Steel Strike the start,
    Begin with a lockout by Henry Clay Frick from the unionized workers. This was due to the fact that Frick didn't like his workers unionizing.
  • Populist Party Convention

    A very short poilitical party, created forpoor, white cotton farmers in the South and wheat farmers in the plains states, it represented a radical hostility to banks, railroads, and elites.
  • Homestead Steel, the battle

    Frick discided on putting some exra sercutiyaround his busseiness. Heput tin watch towers that spraded hot boiling water,hight barbed wire fences, and secerty agents. This didn't sit well with the strikers, so they came and fought the securtiy agents.
  • Cleveland elected again!

    Cleveland elected again!
    He had to deal with the silver issue, econmic panic, tarff refrom and the pullman strike.
  • "The Significance of the Frontier in American History,"

    Frederick Jackson Turner delivers his address on "The Significance of the Frontier in American History," exploring the the frontier experience's role in shaping American character
  • Coxey's Army

    Coxey's Army
    Jacob Coxey leads a march on Washington by the unemployed.
    Officially named the Army of the Commonweal in Christ, its nickname came from its leader.
  • Pullman Strike

    Pullman Strike
    Workers at the Pullman sleeping car plant in Chicago go on strike after the company cut wages without reducing rents in company-owned housing. On June 26, the American Railway Union begins to boycott trains carrying Pullman cars.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    The US Supreme Court rules that segregation of blacks and whites was permitted under the Constitution so long as both races receive equal treament and quailty of public falities.
  • Cross of Gold

    "You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold." William Jennings Bryan electrified the Democratic convention with his "Cross of Gold" speech and received the party's nomination, but was defeated Nov. 3 by Republican William McKinley.
  • William McKinley Elected President

    William McKinley Elected President
    He wanted tariff reform, to fix the currency issue and warned against foreign interventions, “We want no wars of conquest. We must avoid the temptation of territorial aggression.” Also his presisdence is,the END of the Gilded Age.