Naval attack Attempt one19 Febuary- 18 March
The attack on Gallipoli began in a plan by Churchill to attack the capital Constantilope (Istanbul) by a naval force. An attack on the 19/Feb on the mouth of the passage had little, practically no effect. However in high hopes another attack was followed in the idea that the Turkish defences had been weakened. Admiral de Robeck took an attack force of ageing battleships, cruisers and destroyers led by the new dreadnought 'Queen Elizabeth' on 18/March. Follows on to next.
Gallipoli ANZAC 1915-1916
Naval attack Attempt twoThe new attackforce led by HMS Queen Elizabeth [Pictured] sailed into the opening of the passage. Many mines had been placed to defend the passage and minesweepers had been attacked when trying to clear the area of mines. In the second attack three ships were sunk and three were put out of action. The fleet was recalled and plans were made to attack the western coast of Turkey. However this attack alerted the Turkish empire of an attack in the near future.
Gallipoli LandingThe Troops landed in the purpose of taking the peninsula and allowing a naval attack force on the capital. The landings were in the darkness to try and get a surprise attack on the Turkish defenders. The French troops provided a feint attack and then later on joined the fighting.
Battles for Krithia28/Apr-4/Jun
28/Apr- Attempt to take Krithia, frontline didn't change much, withdraw.
6/May- Second attempt using same tactics as first battle, one third of the men who attacked were killed or wounded.
4/Jun- Third attempt, idea was to feint an attack, pull the Turkish defenders in to a hard-to-defend position and to destroy the Turkish defenders.Turk dead:9000, Allied:6500
The idea was to link up three attack forces to take aridge which would give a huge tactical advantage. The August offense failed as two positions which would have connected the forces were not captured.
EvacuationWith increasingly bad weather for example a three-day rainstorm flooded trenches and drowned many men. Also in early december a blizard also killed many men. The idea of evacuation was pressed until Lord Kitchener visited Gallipoli and made the decision to evacuate. Anzac Cove and Suvla were evacuated on 19/Dec and Helles was evacuated on 9/Jan. The gradual reduction of troop numbers were covered by stealthy methods such as Automated rifle fire.