From Empire to Independence

  • Period: to

    Zenger Trial

    John Peter Zenger was the defendant in a case about his New York newspaper in which he woiced his opposition of a colonial governer. Led the way for freedom of the press.
  • Albany Congress

    Albany Congress
    the Albany Congress tried to secure the support and cooperation of the Iroquois in fighting the French, and to form a colonial alliance based on a design by Benjamin Franklin.
  • Period: to

    Seven Years War

    also called the French and Indian War. Fought between the French and the English. Most of it was fought in the colonies over contol of the Ohio River Valley. Led to great dept in England which was taken out of the Colonist. Led to widespread conflict between colonists and England.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    ended the Seven years war
  • Period: to

    Pontiac's Rebellion

    Native Indian reaction to the Treaty of Paris. They banned together under Chief Pontiac to defeat the colonists in North America.
  • Suger Act

    Brittish tax on all sugar imported to North America. Ended the salutary neglect by the Brittish in the Colonies.
  • Stamp Act

    This required the colonists to pay a tax on every piece of printed paper they used. Taxed everyone while sugar act only taxed merchants. led to resentment of England in the Colonies
  • Declaratory Act

    The declaration stated that Parliament's authority was the same in America as in Britain and asserted Parliament's authority to pass laws that were binding on the American colonies.
  • Repeal of Stamp Act

    Accompanied the Declaratory Act. Repealed to subdue the riots in the Americas.
  • Boston Massacre

    Killing of 5 colonists by British regulars. It was the climax of the tension between the British and the Colonists since troops had been sent to the colonies to inforce the Townshend acts.
  • Tea Act

    Final spark the the revolutionary movement in Boston. Designed to help boost the East india Co. by taxing the colonists for Tea
  • Boston Tea Party

    A group of men in Boston disguised as indians boarded several British trading ships holding tea to be sold under the new tea tax. the men took the crates and dumped them into the sea in an act of rebellion against the new tax.
  • Intolerable acts

    issued by England in response to the boston tea party. they included the quebec act, the boston port act, the Massachusetts government act, administration of justice act, and the quarting act. indtended to make an example of Boston for the rest of the colonies but it backfired.
  • first continental congress

    consisted of 12 of the 13 colonies and was held in Philidelphia, PN. sought to unify the the colonies against the British.
  • Lexington and Concord

    British attack at Lexington and win. continue to Concord where Paul Revere sounded the alarm and had the minute men waiting. they defeated the British. it was the "shot heard round the world." The revolutionary war had begun.
  • Second Continental Congress

    second meeting of all the colonies except for Georgia. Resolved to put the coloinies in a state of defense. Nominated George Washington to be the commander in chief. Thomas Jefferson wrote the Delclaration of Independence.
  • Fort Ticonderoga

    Raided by a small group of men led by Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold. they captured the fort and sent all the amunition and guns to Boston to be used in the Revolutionary War.
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    one of the most important victories by the Colonists. Found out the British plan to take over Dorchester Heights and stopped them at the cost. showed both sides that it would not be a quick war.
  • Olive Branch Petition

    John Dickinson's version of Jeffersons letter to the King. Passed but not unanimously. Not taken seriously by the king because of a widespread letter written by John Adams which criticized both the letter and Dickinson.
  • Virginia Declaration of Rights

    proclaim the inherent rights of men, including the right to rebel against "inadequate" government. It influenced a number of later documents, including the United States Declaration of Independence (1776), the United States Bill of Rights (1789), and the French Revolution's Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (1789).
  • Common Sense

    this book writen by Thomas Paine challenged the authority of the British government and the royal monarchy.
  • Declaration of Independence

    signed by all delegates at the 2nd Conitnental Congress. Written by Thomas Jefferson and it declared America's indepencdence from Great Brittain
  • Battle of Long Island

    First major battle of the Revolution after the Declaration. Washington brought the troops to New York to protect the city in a major port. British out smarted them and the Contiental army retreated.
  • Battle of Saratoga

    Reffered to as the turning point in the war. Americans lost but the battle led to an alliance with the british to be formed.
  • Period: to

    Valley Forge

    Valley Forge was the site of the military camp of the American soilders during the winter in the Revolutionary War. Led by George Washington the men were freezing and starving until provisions came from France.
  • Period: to

    Ratification of the Articles of Confederation

    The Articles were signed by Congress and sent to the individual states for ratification on November 15, 1777, after 16 months of debate. Bickering over land claims between Virginia and Maryland delayed final ratification for almost four more years. Maryland finally approved the Articles on March 1, 1781, affirming the Articles as the outline of the official government of the United States. The nation was guided by the Articles of Confederation until the implementation of the current U.S. Constit
  • Period: to

    Battle of Yorktown

    one of the last battles of the Revolution. Ended in American victory because Washington was informed of British plans and location.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Ended the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain on one side and the United States of America and its allies on the other. The united states is free!
  • Land Ordinance of 1785

    Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress did not have the power to raise revenue by direct taxation of the inhabitants of the United States. Therefore, the immediate goal of the ordinance was to raise money through the sale of land in the largely unmapped territory west of the original states acquired at the Treaty of Paris after the end of the Revolutionary War
  • Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom

    A bill written by Thomas Jefferson that states that "no man shall be compelled to frequent or support any religious Worship place or Ministry … nor shall otherwise suffer on account of his religious opinions or belief …"
  • Northwest Ordinance

    Creation of the Northwest Territory as the first organized territory of the United States out of the region south of the Great Lakes, north and west of the Ohio River, and east of the Mississippi River.
  • George Washington Inauguration

    The inauguration marked the commencement of the first four-year term of George Washington as President. John Adams had already taken office as Vice President since April 21. Sworn in by Chancellor of New York Robert Livingston during this first presidential inauguration, Washington became the first President of the United States following the ratification of the Constitution.