Tales de Mileto 624-548 A.C.Discoveries such as magnetite are attributed to him, which gives way to the magnetic properties of the mineral. He is also considered the first Greek philosopher who tries to give a physical explanation to the universe.
Aristóteles 384-322 A.C.Developer of Aristotelian physics, a theory that includes the four elements and the ether which have an established place by their relative weight, he also spoke of movement, geocentrism, etc...
Nicolás Copérnico 1473-1543He was the one who formulated the heliocentric theory of the solar system, thus ending obscurantism and Aristotelian ideas. He also contributed with the theory of the three movements and changed the theory of gravity.
Galileo Galilei 1564-1642Born in Pisa, Italy.
-1609-1610 Galileo builds a telescope to observe the sun, moon, planets and stars, in 1610 he discovered 4 moons around Jupiter.
-1623 Galileo published “The assayer” a discussion of the physical reality and the scientific method of exploring it.
René Descartes 1596-1650Born in La Haye, Touraine, France.
-1644 “The Principles of Philosophy was published, which focused on the laws of physics and expanded on the Discourse on Method, it focused on the mechanist belief of the universe
Isaac Newton 1642-1726Born in Woolsthorpe, England.
-1687 In his work Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica he formulated the three principles of motion and a fourth Law of Universal Gravitation, which transformed the the world of physics; all phenomena could be seen in a mechanical way.
Charles Augustin de Coulomb 1734- 18061785- He wrote mathematically the law of attraction of electric charges. He also did much research on magnetism, friction, and electricity. He also invented the torsion balance to measure the force of attraction or repulsion of electrical charges.
Simon Ohm 1789-18541827-He contributed Ohm's law to the theory of electricity. He studied the relationship between intensity of an electric current, its electromotive force and resistance.
Michael Faraday 1791-18671821- He studied electromagnetism and electrochemistry, discovering electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism and electrolysis.
Ernest Rutherford 1871-1937Born in Brightwater, New Zealand
He discovered Alpha and beta rays, postulated the nuclear structure of the atom
Albert Einstein 1879-1955Born in Ulm, Germany
Postulate the theory of relativity
Niels Bohr 1885-1962Born in Copenhagen, Denmark
made the fundamental contributions of the structure of the atom (the bohr model of atom)
Peter Higgs 1929British physicist known for his proposition in the 1960s of symmetry breaking in the electroweak theory,
This so-called Higgs mechanism predicts the existence of a new particle.
This particle was dubbed the "God Particle" and confirmed in 2013.
Stephen Hawking -1942-2018He is a British theoretical physicist, astrophysicist, cosmologist and science popularizer. His most important works to date have been to provide, together with Roger Penrose, theorems regarding space-time singularities in the framework of general relativity, what is known today as Hawking radiation (or sometimes Bekenstein-Hawking radiation). .
Guillem Anglada-Escudé -1979He is Professor of Astrophysics at Queen Mary University of London.
He studied at the University of Barcelona where he received his doctorate
In 2016 the magazine Nature chose him as one of the 10 best scientists in the world and he is the only Spaniard included among the 100 most influential people according to Time. In 2016 he received the Optimist Committed to Science award given by Anoche magazine. I had a dream