Final Timeline Project by Sandra Ohadugha

  • Invention of Cotton Gin

    Invention of Cotton Gin
    The invention of cotton gin increased the production of cotton and it's profit due to being able to separate cotton from its seeds. It also called the need for more slaves to pick cotton which increased slavery in the agricultural South.
    (The New Nation)
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    Once Hamilton imposed a 25% tax on whiskey as a part of his economic plan, many southern farmers began to protest. Farmers in Pennsylvania began a rebellion against the tax, which was soon stopped by troops sent by President Washington.The farmers being stopped by troops represented the strength and control of the federal government.
    (The New Nation)
  • Farewell Address

    Farewell Address
    1) Farewell Address of 1797
    Being on of the most famous speeches in US History, the Farewell Address by George Washington asked people of America to avoid involvement in political problems between outside nations and forming alliances. Washington presented this speech in hopes of keeping America out of war.
    (The New Nation)
  • Temperance Movement

    Temperance Movement
    Lead by many women, the temperance movement intended to outlaw alcohol in America because many people in this era believed that alcohol was the main cause of society’s problems. The 18th amendment was passed to prohibit the sale, use, and distribution of alcohol, fulfilling the goals of the early temperance movement. However, the sharp increase in crime do to the prohibition of alcohol lead to it being overturned by the 21st amendment.
    (Expansion and Reform)
  • Women Rights Movement

    Women Rights Movement
    Women’s Rights movement was developed during the Reform era to push for women’s equality and voting rights. The most important event for the movement was the Seneca Falls convention in Seneca Falls, NY because it was first the women's rights convention to be organized by women in the Western world. Eventual successes emerged from this group include the 19th amendment which gave women the right to vote.
    (Expansion and Reform)
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    Manifest Density was the belief that it was God’s will for the US to expand across America, which changed US economically, politically and its own society. Areas obtained included Oregon, Texas annexation, Louisiana purchase, Adam Onis Treaty and Mexican Cession.
    (Expansion and Reform)
  • barbwire

    Many farmers settled in the west and attained prairie land. Ranchers used land to move livestock freely, and farmers used land to harvest crops. To section land farmers developed barbwire to stop cattle ranchers from moving livestock freely.
    (The Great West and the Rise of the Debtor)
  • Bessemer Process

    Bessemer Process
    The Bessemer Process was invented in 1855 by Henry Bessemer to produce steel cheaply and quickly. Steel was then used to build skyscrapers and buildings in cities.
    (Becoming and Industrial Society)
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    Dred Scott was a slave who was taken to the free state of Wisconsin by his slave owner. In 1846 Dred sued for his freedom stating that he should be considered free now that he resided in a free territory. By March 6, 1857, Dred’s case finally reached the Supreme Court, and Chief Justice Roger Taney declared Scott was not a person but property of his slave owner.
    (Crisis, Civil War, and Reconstruction)
    (Goal 3)
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    The election of 1860 was significant due to southern states threatening to succeed from union if Abraham Lincoln was elected since they were against his plan to limit slavery. Once Lincoln was elected, southern states succeded from union and formed the Confederate States of America. A total of 11 southern states completed the CSA.
    (The American Civil War and Reconstruction)
    (Goal 3)
  • Sectionalism

    Sectionalism occurred between the North and the South during 1830s due to differences in economy and society. A major difference between the North and South which lead to many disputes was their views on slavery. Northerners were generally against slavery due to moral concept, while southerners were for it since it contributed to their agricultural economy.
    (Crisis, Civil War, and Reconstruction)
  • Homestead Act of 1862

    Homestead Act of 1862
    The Homestead Act of 1862 brought many people (farmers) to the west due the opportunity of owning their own land. If one could prove they could successfully farm 160 acres of land after 5 years, the property belonged to them! Unmarried women were not allowed to own their own land during this time.
    (The Great West and the Rise of the Debtor)
  • Morrill Land Grant Act

    Morrill Land Grant Act
    The US Government sold land to states, and used the money to develop agricultural and technical colleges. Many universities today were built using land-grant method, such as Iowa State University, and Cornell University.
    (The Great West And Rise of The Debtor)
  • The Great Strike of 1877

    The Great Strike of 1877
    The Great Strike of 1877 was the first major strike in US history. Workers for The Railroad Company went on a strike once wages were cut 10%, a second time in 6 months. Violence sprung between workers, owners, and police leaving over 100 people dead and over 5 million dollars in property destroyed.
    (Becoming and Industrial Society)
  • Anglo-Saxon Superiority

    Anglo-Saxon Superiority
    Leading to US imperialism, Anglo-Saxon superiority is the belief that English speaking whites from Northern Europe were superior to other races. Their mission was to civilize “weaker” races. Many people saw Anglo-Saxon Superiority as a fact during this era.
    (The Emergence of the United States in World Affairs)
  • Ellis Island

    Ellis Island
    Ellis Island, located near Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor, was known as where immigrants arriving to the US were processed. This created order in the processing system by knowing how many immigrants were arriving, and how many of them fit US standards.
    (Becoming and Industrial Society)
  • Plessy Vs Ferguson 1896

    Plessy Vs Ferguson 1896
    In the Supreme Court case Plessy vs. Ferguson, “separate but equal” was ruled constitutional. This case allowed dejure segregation between blacks and whites in America, until overturned by court case Brown vs. Board of Education.
    (Progressive Movement in the United States)
  • Treaty of Paris 1898

    Treaty of Paris 1898
    The treaty of Paris ended the Spanish-American war in December of 1898.US gained control Puerto Rico and the Pacific Island of Guam. Though US didn’t annex Cuba as expected, military forces continued to remain for three years to restore stability and American interest.
    (The Emergence of the United States in World Affairs)
    (The Emergence of The United States in Foreign Affairs)
  • Muckrakers

    Muckrakers were journalist who exposed the evils of The Gilded Age to the people of America. Those exposed such as robber barons, and political bosses soon had lesser authority, and changes were made to better America. Famous muckrakers such as Jacob Riis, who published “How the Other Half Lives” , exposed the poor living in slums.
    (Progressive Movement in The United States)
    (Progressive Movement in The United States)
  • Gentlemen's Agreement 1905

     Gentlemen's Agreement 1905
    To ease tensions between the US and Japan, the Gentlemen’s Agreement was imposed to end segregation policy of Asian students in American schools. Japan also agreed to less emigration of its citizens to the US as a part of the agreement.
    (The Emergence of the United States in World Affairs)
  • Schenk Vs. US

    Schenk Vs. US
    Schenck vs. US was a Supreme Court case which ruled the congress could limit the first amendment when the words represented “clear and present danger”. Free speech may also be limited is during a national crisis.
    (The Great War)
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    In the Treaty of Versailles, A League of Nations was set up and Germany was forced to pay war reparations to the Allies. Though President Wilson wanted to pass the treaty, the Congress and other people believed it was too harsh on Germany and did not approve the treaty.
    (The Great War)
  • The Great Migration

    The Great Migration
    In the 1920s, thousands of African Americans moved north to seek a better life, which was known as The Great Migration. Leaving the segregated south led blacks towards less discrimination and more job opportunities.
    (The Great War)
  • Harlem Renaissance

    Harlem Renaissance
    In the 1920s, African Americans increased black pride through writing, painting, and dancing. They also expressed the joys and pain of being black in America. This era was called the Harlem Renaissance which included writers such as Langston Hughes and Zora Neale Hurston.
    (Prosperity and Depression)
  • Woman's Suffrage

    Woman's Suffrage
    The 19th amendment allowed women the right to vote in America. Also known as a progressive amendment, women's suffrage marked a beginning for civil rights in America,
    (Progressive Movement in the United States)
  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    Depression in an economy is period of reduced business and high unemployment. The Great Depression was cause by easy credit, which included installment plans and buying on margin during 20th in America. The Depression Great was a worldwide economic depression, and was considered the longest, most wide spread depression in the 1900s.
    (Prosperity and Depression)
  • The Dust Bowl

    The Dust Bowl
    Occurring in the southern plains of the US, the Dust Bowl was caused by excessive farming and a severe drought. The weather tragedy cost farmers their jobs and pushed families west to escape the situation.
    (Prosperity and the Depression)
  • Neutrality Acts

    Neutrality Acts
    In 1935, Congress passed the Neutrality Acts to set up rules for our nations to follow when dealing with countries at war. These acts were to intended to keep America out of war, and stay isolated.
    (World War II and the Beginning of the Cold War)
  • Pearl Harbor Attack

    Pearl Harbor Attack
    On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the US at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii to gain more power. The attack killed more than 2,000 and also marked the beginning of America’s direct involvement in World War 2.
    (World War II and the Beginning of the Cold War)
  • G.I Bill

    G.I Bill
    The G.I. Bill was a Program which gave soldiers and veterans low interest loans for homes and money for college. The bill encouraged many soldiers and veterans to start businesses and attend college.
    (World War II and the Beginning of the Cold War)
  • The Montgomery Bus Boycott

    The Montgomery Bus Boycott
    African Americans began to boycott the buses in Montgomery, Alabama once Rosa Parks was arrested for the refusal of giving up her seat to a white passenger. Lead by Martin Luther King Jr. The Montgomery Bus Boycott lasted until November 1956, once the Supreme Court ruled to integrate buses in Alabama. (Recovery, Prosperity, and Turmoil)
  • Civil Rights Act of 1957

    Civil Rights Act of 1957
    One of the laws passed during the Civil Rights movement was the Civil Rights act of 1964. The Civil Rights act of 1964 ended discrimination of racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women in public places.
    (Recovery, Prosperity, and Turmoil)
  • Sputnik

    In 1957, Soviets launched the first satellite into space, which entered the US in the space race. Once US realized Russia’s superiority in technology, they became greatly concerned and passed the National Defense Act and created NASA, which is responsible for is responsible for the nation's civilian space program and for aeronautics and aerospace research.
    (Recovery, Prosperity, and Turmoil)
  • Watergate Scandal

    Watergate Scandal
    The Watergate Scandal was a break-in at the Democratic Headquarters which was linked back to Nixon’s administration. Nixon was ordered to give up the tapes after the Supreme Court case US vs. Nixon ruled he could not use his executive powers to withhold information. Nixon resigned before impeachment, and the people of America expressed less trust of the government.
    (The United States since Vietnam War)
  • Reaganomics

    Reaganomics was Ronald Reagan’s plan to fix the economy. He used supply-side economics and trickledown economics, which consisted of tax cuts and less government regulation. The result starting in 1983 was the United States going into a long period of prosperity.
    (The United States since Vietnam War)
  • Strategic Defense Initiative

    Strategic Defense Initiative
    SDI ( Strategic Defense Initiative), was Ronald Reagan’s missile defense system that would intercept missiles on the route to the US. The system was costly, and also referred to as “Star Wars”.
    (The United States since Vietnam War)