Federalism: Push and Pull

Timeline created by dillykirk
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    Greatly increased the power of the national government when this convention created the Constitution of the United States of America
  • Elastic Clause

    Elastic Clause
    "The Congress shall have Power : To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof." Has been debated: such as Eisenhower's decision to build a national highway system that was "justified" by the elastic clause.
  • Supremacy Clause

    Supremacy Clause
    The Constitution of the United States has supremacy over state constitutions
  • 10th Amendment

    10th Amendment
    Provides that powers not granted to the Federal government are reserved to the states
  • Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

    Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
    The resolutions argued that the states had the right and the duty to declare unconstitutional any acts of Congress that were not authorized by the Constitution.
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    McCulloch v. Maryland
    1.The Constitution grants to Congress implied powers for implementing the Constitution's express powers, in order to create a functional national government.
    2.State action may not impede valid constitutional exercises of power by the Federal government.
  • Dred Scott v. Sandford

    Dred Scott v. Sandford
    Ruled that slaves were not protected by the Constitution of the United States
  • Civil War

    Civil War
    After the war's end, the national government gained new power especially in the Reconstruction effort
  • Formation of Land Grant Colleges

    Formation of Land Grant Colleges
    The Morill Act of 1862 as well as the Morill Act of 1890 granted federally controlled land to the states for the states to develop or sell to raise funds to establish "land-grant" colleges.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    Over-ruled the Dred Scott v. Sanford Supreme Court ruling that blacks are not considered U.S. citizens
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    Sherman Anti-Trust Act
    It prohibits certain business activities that reduce competition in the marketplace, and requires the United States federal government to investigate and pursue trusts, companies, and organizations suspected of being in violation.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation of the schools by stating it's the states decision to decide on segregation
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    Pure Food and Drug Act
    The Pure Food and Drug Act is a United States federal law that provides federal inspection of meat products and forbids the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated food products and poisonous patent medicines.[
  • 16th Amendment

    16th Amendment
    Allows Congress to levy income taxes
  • Hoke v. United States

    Hoke v. United States
    Hoke v. United States was a decision by the Supreme Court which held that the United States Congress could not regulate prostitution as that was strictly the province of the states.
  • Gitlow v. New York

    Gitlow v. New York
    The Supreme Court now holds that almost every provision of the Bill of Rights applies to both the federal government and the states. The Court upheld the state law challenged in Gitlow v. New York, which made it a crime to advocate the duty, need, or appropriateness of overthrowing government by force or violence. Made sure that the first amendment applied to states.
  • New Deal

    New Deal
    Franklin D. Roosevelt's programs severely increased the power of the national government by passing all his requests in the first 100 days of his presidency
  • Korematsu v. United States

    Korematsu v. United States
    This was a Supreme Court case concerning the constitutionality of Executive Order 9066, which ordered Japanese Americans into internment camps during World War II. Proved to be constitutional.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    Declared that state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    Acted to enforce the constitutional right to vote, to deliberate jurisdiction upon district courts of the United States and to provide relief against publc discrimination
  • Roe v. Wade

    Roe v. Wade
    The Supreme Court ruled that a right to privacy under the due process clause in the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution extends to a woman's decision to have an abortion, but that right must be balanced against the state's two legitimate interests for regulating abortions
  • Election of Ronald Reagan

    Election of Ronald Reagan
    Ronald Reagan increased the federal budget mainly in areas of national defense resulting in a triple in the national debt by 1988.
  • Cabell v. Chavez-Salido

    Cabell v. Chavez-Salido
    This was a case decided by the Supreme Court that upheld a state law as constitutional that excluded aliens from positions as probation officers.
  • Americans with Disabilities Act

    Americans with Disabilities Act
    Acted to establish a clear prohibition of discrimination on the basis of disability
  • Law Enforcement Assistance Act

    Law Enforcement Assistance Act
    The purpose is to enhance the ability of law enforcement and intelligence agencies to conduct electronic surveillance by requiring that telecommunications carriers and manufacturers of telecommunications equipment modify and design their equipment, facilities, and services to ensure that they have built-in surveillance capabilities, allowing federal agencies to monitor all telephone, broadband internet, and VoIP traffic in real-time.
  • 104th Congress

    104th Congress
    Shifted the responsibility to the states (devolution) for taxing and spending responsibilities from the Federal government to the states
  • United States v. Lopez

    United States v. Lopez
    Lopez was charged under Texas law with firearm possession on school premises. The next day, the state charges were dismissed after federal agents charged Lopez with violating a federal criminal statute, the Gun-Free School Zones Act of 1990. The Supreme Court ruled that the law was unconstitutional because the Federal government failed to prove that there was a compelling national interest to have such a law.
  • Printz v. United States

    Printz v. United States
    Printz v. United States was a United States Supreme Court ruling that established the unconstitutionality of certain interim provisions of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act. The Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act made an instant background check of "prohibited persons" which are convicted felons, fugitives from justice, unlawful aliens, and many others. Therefore, the national government need not provide background checks at all.
  • September 11, 2001

    September 11, 2001
    The September 11 attacks forced America to create the Department of Homeland Security, wage war on Iraq and Affghanistan, and provide financial assistance to victims of the attacks
  • No Child Left Behind

    No Child Left Behind
    The No Child Left Behind Act is a United States Act of Congress concerning the education of children in public schools.
  • Development of the Department of Homeland Security

    Development of the Department of Homeland Security
    Protects the United States from terrorist attacks, man-made disasters, and natural disasters. Has a budget of about 100 billion dollars.