Fair Trade

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    Fair Trade

  • North American Trade starts

    North America's first fair trade organization begins with Edna Ruth Byler importing needlecrafts from low-income women in Puerto Rico, and putting them in Europe, laying the groundwork for Ten Thousand villages.

    The church of Brethren establishes SERRV to import wooden clocks from German refugees of WWII. This was NA's second fair trade organization.
  • United Nations Conference

    The "Trade not Aid" concept is embraced in the United Nations Conference on Aid and Development, bringing fair trade into development policy.
  • Awareness

    European and Oxfam humanitarian organizations open the first World Shop in the Netherlands to build awareness, sell crafts, and campaigning for trade reform.
  • First Retail Outlet

    The first fair trade retail outlet in NA starts with Ten Thousand villages opening their store.
  • Equal Exchange

    Equal Exchange is established as the first fair trade cooperative in NA, making a political statement with high quality coffee imported from Nicaragua.
  • Max Havelaar

    Activists and Farmers launch the first fair trade certification syatem in the Netherlands to offer third party recognition and a label for fair trade products which was called Max Havelaar.
  • WFTO

    The WFTO, previously known as the IFTA, is established by fair trade pioneers as the first global fair trade network.
  • Fair Trade Federation

    The first network of fair trade organizations in NA is the Fair Trade Federation.
  • FLO

    Fairtrade Labeling Organization is formed (FLO).
  • Transfair

    TransFair USA uses the TransFair USA label to certify fair trade coffee.
  • Certification

    The "Fair Trade" certification mark is launched by FLO.
  • Asia, Latin America, and Africa

    National and regional fair trade associations are produced across Asia, Latin America, and Africa.
  • IMO

    The Institute for Marketecology IMO begins their certification program "Fair For Life".
  • Money

    Fair Trade retail sales reach $1 billion US and $2.5 billion worldwide.
  • OCA

    Organic Consumers Association OCA launches Fair World Project to promote and protect the integrity of the fair trade movement, the first fair trade consumer organization.