Evolutionary Biology

  • 384

    Aristotle (384 - 322 B.C)

    said species are permanet, perfect, and immutable with increasing complexity
  • Carolus Linnaues (1707-1778)

    passion was taxonemy, developed a hierarchical classifications scheme and binomial nomenclature
  • James Hutton (1726-1797)

    proposed gradualism, changes in earth's crust due to slow continuous processes. proposed earth was millions of years old instead of a few thousand years old.
  • Jean Baptiste Lamarck (1744-1829)

    stated that changes are adaptation to environment are required in an organism's lifetime
  • Thomas Mathus (1766-1834)

    Hyothesis: Plants and animals are capable of producing far more offspring than rsources can support; the "stuggle for existence" is an inescapable consequence
  • Georges Cuvier (1769 - 1832)

    developed paleontology and catastrophism, that species disappear due to a catastrophic event of the earth's crust
  • James Hutton (1726-1797)

    proposes his theory of gradualism
  • Charles Lyell (1797-1875)

    incorporated gradualism into the theory of uniformitarianism
  • Thomas Malthus (1766-1834)

    publishes "Essay on the Principle of Population"
  • Charles Lyell (1797-1875)

    publishes Principles of Geology
  • Charles Darwin (1809-1882)

    published "On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection"