Evolution of the National Citizenry

  • Dred Scott v. Sandford

    Dred Scott v. Sandford
    Dred Scott sued executor of his former master under state-citizenship diversity jurisdiction of federal courts
  • Raid on Harper's Ferry

    Raid on Harper's Ferry
    John Brown gathered armed abolitionists to Harper's Ferry, Virginia
  • Election

    Republican party won the election (Abraham Lincoln elected president)
  • Civil War

    Civil War
    The Civil War began after Confederate attacked Fort Sumter
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    President Lincoln announced proclamation to free all slaves within rebellious states
  • Election

    Reelection of president Abraham Lincoln
  • Civil War

    Civil War
    End of Civil War
  • Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
    President Lincoln was shot during a show
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    Ratified to abolish slavery in United States
  • Election

    Ulysses S. Grant was voted president
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    Ratified to allow African American men to vote
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act
    Equality for all men before the law and prohibited racial discrimination in public places
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Supreme court upheld state-imposed Jim Crow laws