Evolution of Music - Civil War through Harlem Renaissance

  • Dixie

    Very popular song throughout American during the Civil War. Written by Dan Emmett. The song tells a story about a freed slave heart broken, searching for free land.
  • God Save the South

    God Save the South
    Written by George H. Miles. Unofficial national anthem for the South when they broke away. Called upon god to help and guide the South through the war.
  • Home! Sweet Home!

    Home! Sweet Home!
    A very popular song on both sides. An adaption from John Howard Payne's opera Clari, Maid of Milan. Was banned at a handful of Union camps.
  • The First Gun is Fired

    The First Gun is Fired
    Written by George F. Root. Over thirty copies were distributed, a record for that time period. One of the first songs written about the Civil War.
  • Come In Old Adam, Come in!

    Come In Old Adam, Come in!
    Written by Shattuck C.F and Gordon S.T. Sheet music designed for the harp. Spread through cities such as New York, Albany, and Atlanta.
  • Spanish Cavalier

    Spanish Cavalier
    Written by William D. Hendrickson. Tells a story about a true American who is going to fight for his country and dear. Simple, with a few bits of imagery.
  • Twelfth Street Rag

    Twelfth Street Rag
    Composed by Euday L. Bowman. This song was one of the best sellers during the ragtime era. It is now recongized as a standard of jazz music.
  • A Bird in a Gilded Cage

    A Bird in a Gilded Cage
    Wriiten by Arthur J. Lamb. One of the most of popular songs at the turn of the 20th century. Sold more than two million copies in sheet music.
  • The Blue and the Gray

    The Blue and the Gray
    Written by Paul Dresser. Tells a story of a mother who lost both her sons in the Civil War. Thirty years later the same woman loses her third son in the Spanish-American War.
  • Every Race Has a Flag but the Coon

    Every Race Has a Flag but the Coon
    Written by Will A. Heelan and J. Fred Helf. A huge success in the U.S and Britiain. Showed how sterotypical whites looked at blacks. Proving that even though slavery was over, there was a heavy strand of tension seperating each race.
  • The Entertainer: a Ragtime Two-Step

    The Entertainer: a Ragtime Two-Step
    Written by Scott Joplin. Became a very popular tune nearly 70 years later. Ranked in the top ten songs of the 20th century by RIAA.
  • Chinatown, My Chinatown

    Chinatown, My Chinatown
    Commerical hit wrote by William Jerome and Jean Schwartz. Many re-records through the years. Was bridging the huge cultural shift in the U.S at the time period.
  • The Memphis Blues

    The Memphis Blues
    Written by W.C Handy. Disseminated personally by Mr. Handy himself. Has been re-recorded through the year as well. Another bridge to the Harlem Renaissance.
  • Livery Stable Blues

    Livery Stable Blues
    Written by Ray Lopez and Alcide Nunez. This song became a huge hit, selling over a million record copies. It put Jazz on the map, showing the country its value.
  • The Beginning of the Jazz Age

    The Beginning of the Jazz Age
  • Avalon

    Written by Al Jolson, Buddy Desylva, and Vincent Rose. Topped charts in 1921 at number two. Most of the jazz community credit Al Jolson with song more than Buddy, or Vincent.
  • Blue Jeans

    Blue Jeans
    Written by Harry D. Kerr and Lou Traveller. The song was a huge heart-touching hit. It tells a story about a young love from from ago.
  • Black and Tan Fantasy

    Black and Tan Fantasy
    Composed by Duke Ellington and Bubber Miley. Another instant hit produced by Mr. Ellington. An interesting fact to note is that the Wu-Tang Clan sampled this song in 1993 in a song of theirs' named "Shame on a Nigga".
  • East St. Louis Toodle-Oo

    East St. Louis Toodle-Oo
    Jazz composition written by Bubber Miley and Duke Ellington. Bubber Miley, co-composer, was one of the first to pioneer the muter on the end of the trumpet.