Events Shaping Education

  • Massachusetts Bay Colony Mandate

    Colony leaders mandated that parents teach children the principles of religion and capital laws of the commonwealth so that individuals did not become targets for Satan.
  • Old Deluder Satan Act

    Old Deluder Satan Act
    Massachusetts Bay Colony passed the law requiring every town of fifty or more families hire a primary school teacher for young children and towns of one hundred or more families appoint a Latin teacher to prepare men to attend Harvard to join the ministry.
  • Fine For Uneducated Children

    Fine For Uneducated Children
    Anyone who has children who had not learned to read and write by the age of twelve or learned a useful trade was charged five-pounds per child.
  • Northwest Ordinance

    Northwest Ordinance
    An ordinance that required that the Midwestern territories set aside a section of land for educational purposes.
  • School Systems Begin to Organize

    The movement of establishing organized school systems that were free and accessible to all children began.
  • First Normal School funded in Lexington, Massechusetts

    Normal schools served as a model for the training of elementary teachers.
  • Boston's Quincy School Established

    Boston's Quincy School was the first egg-crate school which became the model for the modern day standard for schools assigning different aged children in separate classrooms.
  • Wisconsin's 1848 School Law

    Stipulated that elementary education should be free to everyone between the ages of four and twenty.
  • Period: to

    Increase in Number of Required School Days

    Indiana state law increased the number of school days from 61 to 130.
  • Boston Public School Integration

  • Massachusetts Great and General Court Law Established

    The Massechusetts state legislature enacted a low requiring all cities and towns elect a school committee to oversee schools.
  • Morrill Act

    President Lincoln signed the act donating public lands to the several states and territories which may provide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and mechanic arts.
  • First State Board of Education Established

    Massechusetts state legislature created the first state board of education appointing Horace Mann secretary to the board.
  • Carlisle Indian School Established

    Richard Henry Pratt establised the Native American schools to integrate Native Americans into American society. This was an attempt to resocialize the Native Americans.
  • Hatch Act

    Land grant colleges were encouraged to set up experimental farms where factulty and students could conduct research into agricultural improvement.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the principle that political equality did not guarantee social equality. Establised the basis of "separate but equal."
  • The Laboratory School Established

    The Laboratory School or the "Dewey School" was established to study how children learn and to test and implement new methods of instruction for teachers.
  • First Labor Union for Teachers Established

    Catherfine Goggin cofounded the Chicago Teachers' Federation.
  • First Female School Superintendent

    First Female School Superintendent
    Ella Flagg Yound was appointed superintendent of the Chicago Public School.
  • Progressive Education Association

    Progressive Education Association was established to reform the nation's school systems.
  • Women Given the Right to Vote

    Women were given the right to vote which helped improve the pay and working conditions for female teachers and other workers.
  • Snyder Act

    The U.S. government supported and extended the initiative for an education that honored Native American tribal cultures.
  • Indian Reorganization Act

    Mandated the teaching of Indian history and culture in schools.
  • Period: to

    Small School District Consolidation

    Push for small districts to consolidate offering incentives to districts to combine and establish larger and more modern schools, and enforced punishments to school districts with low enrollments.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Massechusetts law was established prohibiting school segregation on the basis of race.
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    Created programs suchas Head Start and Title I.
  • Immigration and Naturalization Act

    Removed the biased quota system that favored immigrants from Europe. Since this Act, most of the immigrants to this country are from Mexico, Latin America and Asia.
  • Deschooling, Free Schools and Open Classroom Movement

    Three new movements in education that supported the idea of "humanistic education."
  • Title IX of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    Ensured that no person in the U.S. shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subject to discrimination under any educational programs or activity receiving federal financial assistance.
  • Indian Self-Determination of Education Act

    Empowered Native American tribes to run their own schools.
  • No Child Left Behind Act

    Requires annual statewide reading and mathematics assessments, public reporting of school performance, sanctions for a school's failing to make "adequate yearly progress," school choice for parents of children in failing schools and testing of prospective teachers.