Events leading to the Civil War

Timeline created by JenniferLinan
In History
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    1820, The issue was that Missouri wanted to join the Union as a slave state, therefore unbalancing the Union so there would be more slave states then free states. The compromise set it up so that Maine joined as a free state and Missouri joined as a slave state. Congress also made a line across the southern border of Missouri saying except for the state of Missouri, all states north of that line must be free states or states without slavery.
  • Tariff of Abominations

    Tariff of Abominations
    1828, Also called Tariff of 1828, it raised the tariff on imported manufactured goods. The tariff protected the North but harmed the South; South said that the tariff was economically discriminatory and unconstitutional because it violated the state's rights.
  • The Liberator

    The Liberator
    The first anti-slavery news paper. Was created by Garrison, in Boston. With this newspaper he was able to openly express his believes, but this was one of the first movements to the civil war
  • Nullification Crisis

    Nullification Crisis
    The Nullification Crisis was a sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson created by South Carolina's 1832 Ordinance of Nullification. This ordinance declared, by the power of the State itself, that the federal Tariff of 1828 and the federal Tariff of 1832 was unconstitutional and therefore null and void within the sovereign boundaries of South Carolina. The controversial, and highly protective,
  • Texas Independence

    Texas Independence
    A war between Texas settlers and Mexico from 1835-1836. Resulting in the formation of the Republic of Texas. It later joined the United States.
  • Texas Annexation

    Texas Annexation
    At the time Spain granted independence to Mexico in 1821.The lands now comprising the state of Texas was very sparsely populated. The Mexican government actually encouraged the settlement of the area by American pioneers.
  • Mexican War

    Mexican War
    Texans had created their Lone Star State but now the US wanted it for slavery and expansion.US won with general Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott. The United States acquired one half of the Mexican territory.
  • The Compromise of 1850

    The Compromise of 1850
    A package goes 5 separate bills passed by the United States Congress in September 1850, which defused a 4-year political confrontation between slave and free states regarding the status of territories acquired during the Mexican-American War. Final Compromise: CA was admitted as a free state. UT and NM Territory status to be decided by popular vote. TX boundaries changed. Slave trade was abolished in Washington D.C. the Fugitive Slave Act was strengthened.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    A novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe published in 1852 that portrayed slave life in the south. A great success with several hundred thousand copies sold in the first years, this novel had great political force. To millions of people, it made slavery appear almost as evil as it really was.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    A compromise law in 1854 that suspended the Missouri Compromise and left it to voters in Kansas and Nebraska to determine whether they would be slave or free states. The law exacerbated sectional tensions when voters can to blows over the question of slavery in Kansas. It was very controversial, supported by President Pierce and not supported by Douglass
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    Following the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, pro-slavery forces from Missouri, known as the Border Ruffians, crossed the border into Kansas and terrorized and murdered antislavery settlers. Antislavery sympathizers from Kansas carried out reprisal attacks, the most notorious of which was John Brown's 1856 attack on the settlement at Pottawatomie Creek. The war continued for four years before the antislavery forces won. The violence it generated helped precipitate the Civil War.
  • Dred Scott vs Sandford

    Dred Scott vs Sandford
    What decision involved a Missouri slave sued for his freedom, claiming that his four-year stay in the northern portion of the Louisiana Territory made free land by the Missouri Compromise had made him a free man. The U.S, Supreme Court decided he couldn't sue in federal court because he was property, not a citizen.
  • John Brown's Raid's Ferry Raid

    John Brown's Raid's Ferry Raid
    1859; Brown, with 18 assistants, seized a federal arsenal in Virginia, was eventually captured and sentenced to hanging. This event epitomizes the depth and passion of sectional feelings. Brown, because of his insistence on racial equality and dignified bearing after his capture, became a martyr in the north
  • 1860 Presidential Election

    1860 Presidential Election
    Because of the strong disagreement between North and South, the final votes were in which shocks everyone. A president had to be elected and north was astonished when Lincoln won. This lead to south seceding.