European History

By jpd2
  • Period: to

    Age of Enlightenment

    The Age of enlightenment went from the end of the Thiry-Years-War in 1648 to the start of the French Revolution on 14 July 1789. It is a time of advancement in scientific thinking and questioning. Many philosophers (Voltaire, Rousseau, Kant, etc.) produced great intellectual works. It was during this time that Sir Isaac Newton worked on discovering Laws of Nature. The encylopedia is an invention that sprung from this era's way of thinking.
  • Period: to

    Industrial Revolution

    Experts have different opinions on the dates of the Revolultion. It can be said that it lasted from c.1700 to c.1900. It was a time of great technological advancement in textiles, agriculture, iron making, and many other fields. It is also marked by large amounts of urbanisation and building of factories.
  • Period: to

    French Revolution

    Seen as the "Dawn of the Modern era", the Revolution got rid of the ideas of hierarchical monarchies and moved France from a feudal system to one that embraced nationalism, citizenship, and equality.
  • Napoleon Crowned Emperor

  • Period: to

    Reign of Napoleon I

  • End of the Holy Roman Empire

  • Napoleon Abdicates the Throne

  • Period: to

    Congress of Vienna

    This happened between September 1814 and 8 June 1815. It was a time for European Ambassadors to gather and discuss many issues. This lead to a redrawing of the European map and establishment of national boundaries.
  • Napolean Abdicates the Thrown again

  • Great Reform Bill

    This event happend sometime in the year 1832.
  • Period: to

    1848 Revolutions

    The revolutions started sometime in 1848 and died down around 1851.
  • First Publication of the Communist Manifesto

    This publication came out sometime in February 1848. It was commissioned by the Communist League to lay out the League's purpose. It is mostly about the struggle between the classes and the pitfalls of capitalism.
  • Period: to

    The Great Exhibition

  • Period: to

    Exposition Universelle

  • Italy United

    The establishment of Italy as the Kingdom of Italy happened sometime within the year of 1861 but the unification of Italy wouldn't be complete until July of 1871
  • Period: to

    Unification of Italy

    The exact dates are uncertain. However the beginning of Italy's unification was 1861 and was completed in July 1871.
  • Unification of Germany

  • Rome united with Kingdom of Italy

    This event happened sometime within the month of July, 1871. This marks the completion of the Unification of Italy.
  • Period: to

    Triple Alliance

    The end of the Triple Alliance happened sometime within the year of 1914.
  • Period: to

    Entente Cordiale

    The exact dates are uncertain, however the Entente Cordiale lasted from 1904 to 1907.
  • Period: to

    Russian Revolution (Liberal)

    The revolution lasted between 1905 and 1907. This was a time of social unreast among the peasantry of Russia. There were many worker's strikes, and rising political terrorism.
  • Period: to

    Triple Entente

    The Triple Entente lasted from sometime in 1907 to July, 1914.
  • Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria

  • Period: to

    World War I

  • Russian Revolution (Bolshevik)

    The October Revolution overthrew the Provisional Russian Government. They gave the power instead to the soviets led by the Bolsheviks.
  • Period: to

    Russian Civil War

    The exact start and end dates are debated, however generally it is listed as the years from 1918 to 1921.
  • Treaty of Versailles Signed

    This was a peace treaty at the end of World War I. It required Germany to accept responsibility for starting the war and called for German disarmament and to pay heavy reparations to the countries of the Entente.
  • Treaty of Versailles Effective

    This was a peace treaty at the end of World War I. It required Germany to accept responsibility for starting the war and called for German disarmament and to pay heavy reparations to the countries of the Entente.
  • Rise of Mussolini

    On this date King Victor Emmanuel III handed power over to Benito Mussolini after Mussolini sucessfully led a march on Rome. This brought his National Fascist Party to power.
  • Period: to

    Great Depression

    This era is marked by the years 1929-1939.
  • Wall Street Crash

  • Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany

  • Anschluss

  • Munich Conference

  • German Invasion of Poland

  • Period: to

    World War II

  • United States of America enters World War II

  • Germany Divided

    This event happend in May 1945. After World War II Germany was divided between the British, French, Soviets, and the United States.
  • End of World War II in Europe

  • End of World War II in Pacific

  • Period: to

    Berlin Airlift

    Start dates differ according to different accounts from the 24th to the 27th.
  • Federal German Republic and German Democratic Republic founded

    The exact dates for the founding of the Federal German Republic and the German Democratic Republic were different but both within the month of May. These states evolved from the division of Germany after World War II. The Soviet Secton became the German Democratic Republic and the British, American, and French section became the Federal German Republic.
  • Creation of the European Coal and Steel Community

  • Treaty of Rome Signed

  • Treaty of Rome Effective

  • Building of the Berlin Wall

  • Fall of the Berlin Wall

  • Stage one of European Monetary Union started

  • Unification of Germany

  • Collapse of the Soviet Union

    Dissolution of the Soviet Union led to the independence of the 15 republics of the Soviet Union. This marked the end of the cold war.
  • Treaty of Maastricht Signed

  • Formation of European Union

  • Treaty of Maastricht Effective

  • Stage two of European Monetary Union started

  • Final stage (Stage 3) of European Monetary Union started

  • Treaty of Lisbon Signed

  • Treaty of Lisbon Effective