Education in the United States: It's Historical Roots

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    The Colonial Period

    The roots of American educational system are established.
  • Boston Latin Grammar School

    Boston Latin Grammar School was the first American high school established but was first served only for the colonial elite and to help boys prepare for the ministry or a career in law
  • Old Deluded Satan Act

    This law was designed to produce citizens who understood the Bible and could thwart Satan's trickery, and it required every town of 50 or more households to hire a teacher of reading writing.
  • Franklin's Academy

    Eliminated religion, focused on practical needs; math, science, and navigation
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    Native American Education

    Attempts at assimilation were formalized by the federal government, which was involved in the education of Native Americans from the beginning of our country
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    Native American Treaties

    Federal government signs nearly 400 treaties with Native American nations and tribes
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    Early National Period

    The Constitution removes formal religion from the schools and establishes state responsibility in education.
  • Land Ordinance of 1785

    The Land Ordinance of 1785 was designed to raise money by selling land in the territories wear of the original colonies acquired from Britain at the end of the Revolutionary War.
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    The Common School Movement

    Free public schooling becomes accessible to most students
  • English Classical School

    Focused on needs of boys not attending college
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    The Civil War

    This war ended legal slavery in the United States, but the policy of separate but equal, which formalized the segregation of African Americans in education, transportation, housing, and other aspects of public life, and replaced it.
  • Boarding Schools

    U.S government begins building boarding schools
  • Committee of Ten

    Created standards and methods for high school
  • First Junior High Schools

    The first junior high for grades 7, 8, and 9, opened in Columbus, Ohio
  • Commission on the Reorganization of Secondary Education

    Created Cardinal Principles of Education, including applied goals in health and civic education
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    Native American Education Control

    National reports and federal legislation provide Native American with greater control over education
  • Overhead Projector

    Require information to be placed on transparent plastic for projection
  • Programmed and Computer-Based Instruction

    Programmed instruction focused on forming behavioral objectives, breaking instructional content into small units, and rewarding correct responses immediately and frequently
  • Hand-held calculators

    Hand-held calculators introduced by Texas Instruments, these large and initially bulky tools paved the way for the sophisticated calculators used in today's classrooms
  • Indian Education Act

    Indian Education Act establishes Office of Indian Education
  • Projectors and filmstrips

    This instructional technology allowed teachers to show still photographs in classes, sometimes with accompanying narrative
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    Hispanic Public School

    Hispanic public school population almost doubled
  • Native American Languages Act

    Native American Languages Act protects the languages and cultures of Native Americans
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    The Modern Era

    Schools become instruments of national purpose and social change
  • No Child Left Behind Act

    This act required all states to develop a comprehensive accountability plan to ensure that all students acquire basic skills, with primary emphasis on reading and math.
  • National Language

    The Senate voted 63 to 34 to designate English as the national language