Education in prehistory

  • Period: 200 to 400

    Ramayana compilation B.C

    Consisting of 24000 verses. its considered to be shorter version of Mahabharat
  • Period: 206 to 221

    Han Dynasty (skills in reading, writting and calculation) B.C

    • During the Han Dynasty (206 BC- 221 AD), boys were thought ready at age seven to start learning basic skills in reading, writing and calculation
  • Period: 256 to Oct 19, 1045

    5 national schools ( zhou Dynasty) B.C

    • During the Zhou Dynasty (1045 BC to 256 BC), there were five national schools in the capital city
  • 350

    Children in School at Athens B.C

    It was common for children at schools in Athens to also study various arts such as drawing, painting, and sculpture.
  • 500

    Upanishads (Hindu Scripitus) B.C

    • The oldest of the Upanishads - another part of Hindu scriptures - date from around 500 BC.
  • Oct 19, 605

    First examination System in Sui Dynasty

    During the Sui Dynasty, for the first time, an examination system was explicitly instituted for a category of local talents
  • Aug 10, 1023

    universities in major European cities A.D

  • Period: Nov 10, 1040 to Dec 18, 1050

    Prefectural schools

    • In the period preceding 1040–1050 AD, prefectural schools had been neglected by the state and left to the devices of wealthy patrons who provided private finances
  • Jun 18, 1075

    phoenician writting system B.C

    • The Phoenician writing system was adapted from the Proto-Canaanite script in around the 11th century BC, which in turn borrowed ideas from Egyptian hieroglyphics
  • Mar 10, 1088

    university of Bologna

    • , a number of secular universities existed, such as the University of Bologna,
  • Period: May 12, 1132 to Jan 9, 1206

    Scholastic movement B.C

    • The 12th and 13th century renascence known as the Scholastic Movement was spread through the monasteries.
  • Mar 10, 1160

    University of Paris

    • Many of the earliest universities, such as the University of Paris founded in 1160, had a Christian basis.
  • Period: Feb 12, 1200 to May 13, 1400

    oracle bone script (Shang Dynasty) BC

    • In China, the early oracle bone script has survived on tens of thousands of oracle bones dating from around 1400-1200 BC in the Shang Dynasty.
  • Jun 17, 1300

    Imperial examination system

    • The merit-based imperial examination system for evaluating and selecting officials gave rise to schools that taught the Chinese classic texts and continued in use for 1,300 years, until the end the Qing Dynasty, being abolished in 1911 in favour of Western education methods
  • Period: May 13, 1400 to Nov 10, 1500

    Inca education in Inca Empire

    • Inca education during the time of the Inca Empire in the 15th and 16th centuries was divided into two principal spheres: education for the upper classes and education for the general population.
  • Aug 16, 1455

    Ashikaga schools and Ashikaga Gakko

    • the Ashikaga School, Ashikaga Gakko, flourished in the 15th century as a center of higher learning.
  • Commision of national Education (Polish)

    • Betskoy's work in Russia was soon followed by the Polish establishment in 1773 of a Commission of National Education
  • University of Halle (Germany)

    • in the 1770s, the establishment of the first chair of pedagogy at the University of Halle in Germany
  • University in Berlin

    • Under the guidance of Wilhelm von Humboldt a new university was founded in Berlin in 1810 which became the model for many research universities
  • Charlemagne (french Education)

    • While the French trace the development of their educational system to Charlemagne, the modern era of French education begins at the end of the 19th century.
  • Period: to

    Elementary school enrollments (meiji reforms)

    • Elementary school enrollments climbed from about 40 or 50 percent of the school-age population in the 1870s to more than 90 percent by 1900, despite strong public protest, especially against school fees.
  • Westernized text replacement in Japan

    • School textbooks based on Confucianism were replaced by westernized texts.
  • New educational reforms in Japan

    • By the 1890s, schools were generating new sensibilities
    • After 1890 Japan had numerous reformers, child experts, magazine editors, and well-educated mothers who bought into the new sensibility
  • Period: to

    imperial rescript on education (Japan)

    • These ideals, embodied in the 1890 Imperial Rescript on Education, along with highly centralized government control over education, largely guided Japanese education until 1945, when they were massively repudiated
  • Period: to

    Mass education in India

    • Lord Curzon, the Viceroy 1899-1905, made mass education a high priority after finding that no more than 20% of India's children attended school
  • Traditional Informal education (Africa)

    • Until at least 1900 AD, in most African countries south of the Sahara, children received traditional informal education on matters such as artistic performances, ceremonies, rituals, games, festivals, dancing, singing, and drawing.
  • Bimaristan Medical School

    • In the 9th century, Bimaristan medical schools were formed in the medieval Islamic world, where medical diplomas were issued to students of Islamic medicine who were qualified to be a practicing Doctor of Medicine.
  • Westren education methods in China

  • Socialist system of Education (Russia)

    • During the 8th Party Congress of 1919, the creation of the new Socialist system of education was proclaimed the major aim of the Soviet government
  • Period: to

    Indigenization policy (Russia)

    • An important aspect of the early campaign for literacy and education was the policy of "indigenization" (korenizatsiya). This policy, which lasted essentially from the mid-1920s to the late 1930s,
  • literacy rate (56.6 % ) in Russia

  • high priests opened schools in Middle East A.D

  • Al Azhar university in Ciaro Egypt

    • Al-Azhar University, founded in Cairo, Egypt in 975, was a Jami'ah ("university" in Arabic) which offered a variety of post-graduate degrees, had a Madrasah and theological seminary, and taught Islamic law, Islamic jurisprudence, Arabic grammar, Islamic astronomy, early Islamic philosophy and logic in Islamic philosophy.
  • Lowest enrollment rate region (Africa)

    • According to UNESCO's Regional overview on sub-Saharan Africa, in 2000 only 58% of children were enrolled in primary schools, the lowest enrollment rate of any region
  • oldest known alphabet in central egypt B.C

    • Later, the world's oldest known alphabet was developed in central Egypt around 2000 BC from a hieroglyphic prototype
  • Period: to

    Sumerian versions of 3rd dynasty of Ur B.C

    • The earliest Sumerian versions of the epic date from as early as the Third Dynasty of Ur (2150-2000 BC)
  • First School in ancient Rome B.C

    • The first schools in Ancient Rome arose by the middle of the 4th century BC
  • Nalanda university in Bihar

    • Nalanda was a Buddhist center of learning founded in Bihar, India around the 5th century and conferred academic degree titles to its graduates, while also offering post-graduate courses. It has been called "one of the first great universities in recorded history."
  • 5 insititutions of higher learning in Kyoto

    Heian-kyo (today's Kyoto), the imperial capital, had five institutions of higher learning,
  • Period: to Oct 17, 1245

    House of Wisdom Bagdad

    • The House of Wisdom in Bagdad was a library, translation and educational centre from the 9th to 13th centuries.
  • Book of Henoch in Ethiopic B.C

    • Henoch supposedly wrote the Book of Henoch in Ethiopic around c. 3350 BC.
  • fully developed hieroglyphs B.C in egypt at abydos

    • In Egypt fully developed hieroglyphs were in use at Abydos as early as 3400 BC