RoanokeThe Roanoke Colony, also known as the Lost Colony, was established in 1585 on Roanoke Island in what is today's Dare County, North Carolina. It was a late 16th-century attempt by Queen Elizabeth I to establish a permanent English settlement in North America. The colony was founded by Sir Walter Raleigh.
The colonists disappeared during the Anglo-Spanish War
JamestownThe Jamestown settlement in the Colony of Virginia was the first permanent English settlement in the Americas.It was established by the Virginia Company of London as "James Fort" on May 4, 1607 and was considered permanent after brief abandonment in 1610. It followed several failed attempts, including the Lost Colony of Roanoke. Over 80-percent of the colonists perishing in 1609–10 in what became known as the "Starving Time".
House of BurgessesThe first legislative assembly of elected representatives in North America. The House was established by the Virginia Company, which created the body as part of an effort to encourage English craftsmen to settle in North America, and to make conditions in the colony more agreeable for its current inhabitants.
In 1776 the colony became the independent Commonwealth of Virginia and the House of Burgesses became the House of Delegates.
Mayflower/Plymouth/Mayflower CompactThe Mayflower was an English ship that transported the first English Puritans, known today as the Pilgrims, from Plymouth, England to the New World in 1620.
They established Plymouth Colony – the second English settlement in America.
The Mayflower Compact, signed by colonists on the ship Mayflower on November 11, 1620, the first written framework of government established in America.
Massachusetts Bay ColonyAn English settlement on the east coast of North America in the 17th century around the Massachusetts Bay. It was founded by the owners of the Massachusetts Bay Company.The colony began in 1628 and was the company's second attempt at colonization. It was successful, with about 20,000 people migrating to New England in the 1630s. The population was strongly Puritan.
CarolinaOn October 30, 1629, King Charles I of England granted a patent to Sir Robert Heath for the lands south of 36 degrees and north of 31 degrees, "under the name, in honor of that king, of Carolana.
ConnecticutThis colony was one of the Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution. Initially, half of Connecticut was a part of the Dutch colony New Netherland. The first major settlements were established in the 1630s by England.
MarylandCecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore (1605–1675), granted this land from his father. On June 20, 1632, fficially, the new "Maryland Colony" was named in honor of Henrietta Maria of France, wife of Charles I of England One of the original Thirteen Colonies, Maryland is considered to be the birthplace of religious freedom in America, when it was formed by George Calvert in the early 17th century as an intended refuge for persecuted Catholics from England.
Rhode IslandIn 1638 some religious dissenters settled on Aquidneck Island (then known as Rhode Island), which was purchased from the local tribes who called it Pocasset. On May 4, 1776, the Colony of Rhode Island became the first of the Thirteen Colonies to renounce its allegiance to the British Crown, and it was the fourth among the newly sovereign states to ratify the Articles of Confederation on February 9, 1778
Maryland Toleration ActThe Maryland Toleration Act, also known as the Act Concerning Religion, was a law mandating religious tolerance for Trinitarian Christians. Passed on April 21, 1649, by the assembly of the Maryland colony.
The Act allowed freedom of worship for all Trinitarian Christians in Maryland, but sentenced to death anyone who denied the divinity of Jesus.
New YorkThe Province of New York (1664–1776) was a British proprietary colony and later royal colony on the northeast coast of North America. One of the Thirteen Colonies. Used to be a part of the first Dutch colony - the New Netherland. Later seized control by England.
Bacon's rebellionBacon's Rebellion was an armed rebellion in 1676 by Virginia settlers led by Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of Governor William Berkeley. The colony's dismissive policy refused to allow Bacon to be a part of its fur trade with the Indians, and Doeg American Indian attacks, helped to motivate a popular uprising against Berkeley, who had failed to address the demands of the colonists regarding their safety.
PennsylvaniaThe state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States. It came into being in 1681 as a result of a royal land grant to William Penn, the son of the state's namesake.
On September 12, 1672, as part of the Third Anglo-Dutch War, the Dutch re-conquered New York Colony/New Amsterdam, the Dutch established three County Courts which went on to become original Counties in present-day Delaware and Pennsylvania.
Salem witch trialsThe Salem witch trials were a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts between February 1692 and May 1693. The trials resulted in the executions of twenty people. The preliminary hearings in 1692 were conducted in several towns: Salem Village (now Danvers), Salem Town, Ipswich, and Andover. The most infamous trials were conducted by the Court of Oyer and Terminer in 1692 in Salem Town..
Albany PlanThe Albany Plan of Union was a proposal made at the Albany Congress back in 1754 aimed at a formation of a strong union of the colonies under one single government and direction. Suggested by Benjamin Franklin, then a senior leader (age 45) and a delegate from Pennsylvania, at the Albany Congress in July 10 1754 in Albany, New York. For defense against the threats and consequences posed by the infamous French and Indian War.
Franch-Indian WarFrench and Indian War/Seven Years’ War., 1754–63. The French and Indian War was the North American conflict in a larger imperial war between Great Britain and France.It began with a dispute over control of the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers called the Forks of the Ohio. Fighting took place primarily along the frontiers between New France and the British colonies, from Virginia in the south to Newfoundland in the north.
Proclamation of 1763The Royal Proclamation of 1763 was issued in response to a revolt of Native Americans on October 7, 1763, by King George III. Which forbade all settlement past a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains. It rendered worthless land grants given by the British government to Americans who fought for the crown against France and angered American colonists who wanted to continue their westward expansion.
Salutary NeglectOne of the reason of the American Revolution. It's the unofficial, long-term seventeenth-and eighteenth-century British Crown policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws meant to keep American colonies obedient to England.
The term comes from Edmund Burke's "Speech on Conciliation with America" given in the House of Commons March 22, 1775.
Great MigrationThe Great Migration was the movement of 6 million African-Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1916 and 1970. Until 1910, more than 90 percent of the African-American population lived in the American South.
Great Awakening/EnlightenmentThe term Great Awakening can refer to several periods of religious revival in American religious history. There were three or four waves of increased religious enthusiasm occurring between the early 18th century and the late 19th century.
The Awakenings all resulted from powerful preaching that gave listeners a sense of personal guilt and of their need of salvation by Christ.