Development of Modern Science

Timeline created by Astrid Paola
  • 1543


    Vesalius published Fabrica.
  • 1543

    Nicolaus Copernicus

    Nicolaus Copernicus
    Nicolaus Copernicus wrote that the earth is a planet, not the center of the universe.
  • Galileo Galilei

    Galileo Galilei
    Galileo Galilei stated the law of the pendulum; also studied gravity and prepared the way for Newton's laws of motion.
  • Creation of Microscope

    Creation of Microscope
  • Creation of the Thermometer

    Creation of the Thermometer
  • William Gilbert

    William Gilbert
    William Gilbert published his book about magnetism, the first great English science book.
  • 1600s

    Created the Electroscope
  • 1600s

    Created the Telescope
  • Johannes Kepler

    Johannes Kepler
    Johannes Kepler formulated the laws of planetary motion
  • Francis Bacon

    Francis Bacon
    Francis Bacon formulated the scientific method.
  • 1600s

    Slide rule
  • William Harvey

    William Harvey
    William Harvey described blood circulation.
  • Evangelista Torricelli

    Evangelista Torricelli
    Evangelista Torricelli invented the barometer.
  • Isaac Newton

    Isaac Newton
    Isaac Newton invented a form of calculus.
  • Robert Hooke

    Robert Hooke
    Robert Hooke was the first to see a cell.
  • Isaac Newton

    Isaac Newton
    Isaac Newton constructed a reflecting telescope.
  • Isaac Newton

    Bacteria discovered.
  • Edmond Halley

    Edmond Halley
    Edmond Halley used the telescope to chart stars.
  • Isaac Newton

    Isaac Newton published his laws of motion and universal gravitation.
  • Gabriel Fahrenheit

    Gabriel Fahrenheit
    Gabriel Fahrenheit invented the mercury thermometer.
  • Gabriel Fahrenheit

  • Carolus Linnaeus

    Carolus Linnaeus
    Carolus Linnaeus established the modern classification system.
  • Anders Celsius

    Anders Celsius
    Anders Celsius invented the centigrade temperature scale.
  • Henry Cavendish

    Henry Cavendish
    Henry Cavendish discovered hydrogen.
  • Pierre Simon

    Pierre Simon
    Pierre Simon de Laplace's work in celestial mechanics helped reveal the stability of the solar system.
  • Joseph Priestley

    Joseph Priestley
    Joseph Priestley discovered oxygen.
  • Joseph Priestley

    Torsion balance
  • Antoine Lavoisier

    Antoine Lavoisier
    Antoine Lavoisier founded modern chemistry.
  • Henry Cavendish

    Henry Cavendish
    Henry Cavendish showed that water consists of hydrogen and oxygen.
  • Charles de Coulomb

    Charles de Coulomb
    Charles de Coulomb stated the law of electrical attraction and repulsion.
  • Edward Jenner

    Edward Jenner
    Edward Jenner discovered vaccination for the prevention of disease.
  • John Dalton

    John Dalton
    John Dalton proposed the atomic theory of matter.
  • John Dalton

  • John Dalton

  • Hans C. Oersted

    Hans C. Oersted
    Hans C. Oersted discovered electromagnetism.
  • Thomas Seebeck

    Thomas Seebeck
    Thomas Seebeck discovered thermoelectricity.
  • Friedrich Wohler

    Friedrich Wohler
    Friedrich Wohler was first to synthesize an organic compound.
  • Michael Faraday and Joseph Henry

    Michael Faraday and Joseph Henry discovered electromagnetic induction.
  • Jakob Berzelius

    Jakob Berzelius
    Jakob Berzelius proposed the present chemical symbols.
  • Friedrich Bessel

    Friedrich Bessel
    Friedrich Bessel made the first authenticated measurement of distance to a star.
  • Christian Doppler

    Christian Doppler
    Christian Doppler stated the Doppler effect.
  • Hermann Helmoltz

    Hermann Helmoltz
    Hermann Helmoltz helped establish the first law of thermodynamics.
  • Hermann Helmoltz

    Bunsen burner
  • Rudolph Clausius

    Rudolph Clausius
    Rudolph Clausius stated the second law of thermodynamics.
  • Rudolph Clausius

  • Rudolph Clausius

    Hypodermic syringe
  • Louis Pasteur

    Louis Pasteur
    Louis Pasteur first pasteurized milk to kill germs.
  • Gregor Mendel

    Gregor Mendel
    Gregor Mendel stated his laws of heredity.
  • Dmitri Mendeleev

    Dmitri Mendeleev
    Dmitri Mendeleev developed the periodic table of the elements.
  • James C. Maxwell

    James C. Maxwell
    James C. Maxwell predicted the existence of electromagnetic waves.
  • Heinrich Hertz

    Heinrich Hertz
    Heinrich Hertz showed the existence of electromagnetic waves.
  • Wilhelm Roentgen

    Wilhelm Roentgen
    Wilhelm Roentgen discovered x-rays.
  • Max Planck

    Max Planck
    Max Planck stated the quantum theory of light.
  • Henri Becquerel

    Henri Becquerel
    Henri Becquerel discovered radioactivity.
  • Albert Einstein

    Albert Einstein
    Albert Einstein stated the special theory of relativity.
  • J. J. Thomson

    J. J. Thomson
    J. J. Thomson discovered electrons.
  • Ernest Rutherford

    Ernest Rutherford
    Ernest Rutherford founded nuclear science.
  • Niels Bohr

    Niels Bohr
    Niels Bohr applied the quantum theory to atomic.
  • Niels Bohr

    Geiger counter
  • Albert Einstein

    Albert Einstein
    Albert Einstein stated the general theory of relativity
  • Albert Einstein

    Electron microscope.
  • Albert Einstein

    Particle accelerator.
  • Enrico Fermi

    Enrico Fermi
    Enrico Fermi produced the first successful nuclear chain reaction.
  • 1900s

    Digital computer
  • 1900s

    The age space began.
  • 1900s

  • 1900s

    Man first flew in space
  • 1900s

    Man first landed on the moon.
  • 1900s

    First reusable spacecraft launched.
  • 1900s

    First reusable spacecraft launched.
  • 1900s

    First use of gene therapy to treat disease.
  • 1900s

    Hubble Space Telescope launched.
  • 1900s

    Carbon nanotubes discovered.
  • 1900s

    3D printing.
  • 1900s

    Bacterial genomes first sequenced.
  • 1900s

    Quantum computer.
  • 1900s

    Beginning of medical of medical stem cell research.
  • 2000s

    Human genome sequencing completed.
  • 2000s

    Gravitational waves detected.
  • Period:

    Roger Bacon's

    Roger Bacon's work helped lay the groundwork for modern science.
  • Period:


    Paracelsus argued that diseases have natural causes.
  • Period: to

    Robert Boyle

    Robert Boyle laid the foundation for modern chemistry; stated his law of gases.