Democratic Roots

Timeline created by RaeofSun
  • 1628 BCE

    Limited Government

    Limited government was enacted by the English to limit the power of the monarchy through a constitution. Specifically, the English used the Petition of Right while the US used the three branches of government and the Constitution.
  • 1215 BCE

    English Roots

    English Roots
    The Magna Carta took away some of the King's power over his citizens due to the fact that he abused his power. This also led to the rule of law, where the government has to enact clear and fair laws, and key in building the United States government.
  • Period: 1200 to

    English Roots

  • Period: to

    English Englightenment

  • Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

    Thomas Hobbes and John Locke
    Hobbes and Locke created the social-contract theory which said that people in society would give up some of their freedom in order to have security and order. The US still uses this idea; for example, by citizens relinquishing freedom in return for protection through police
  • Natural Rights

    The idea that every person has basic rights because they are human tying back to Jefferson's idea that everyone has the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
  • Baron de Montesquieu

    Baron de Montesquieu
    Montesquieu argued that government should be run in such a way that no one person has supreme power over any other group or person. This was mostly put in place to avoid oppression or domination. Because of this idea, the US created the three-branch government to avoid a dominating leader.
  • Jean-Jacques Rosseau

    In Rousseau's book, The Social Contract, he added to Montesquieu's idea through popular sovereignty. Popular sovereignty is the general will of the people which was advocated for in the US.