Culteral Literacy Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1215

    Magna Carta

    was a document forced onto the English King by a group of his subjects to limit his powers by law, and protect their privleges
  • Apr 6, 1453

    Mehmet II takes Constantinople

    April 6- May 29th 1453; Mehmet II was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire, who sieged Constantinople in attempt to prove his strong military. This marked the end of the Roman Empire.
  • Aug 3, 1492

    Columbus Sails the Atlantic

    An Italian explorer, financed by Spanish king and queen, hoping to find a route to India for spice trading
  • Landing of the Mayflower

    Landed at Plymouth carrying English puritans and separatists who wanted religious freedom
  • English Bill of Rights

    An act of English Parliament which puts limits on the powers and the rights of Parliament and rules for freedom of speech in parliament, regular voting in parliament, and the right to petition the monarch without fear of retribution
  • Declaration of Independence US

    A statement adopted by continental congress to express that the 13 colonies are separate states and no longer a part of the British Empire
  • Ratification of US Constitution

    The Constitution was written in 1787 during the Philidelphia Convention. Ratified in 11 states by 1789
  • Start of the French Revolution

    Period of radical and social and political upheaval. The whole monarchy collapsed in three years. The French revolution began because of bankruptcy, hunger, malnutrition, bad harvests, and debt
  • Napoleon becomes Emperor

    Ruling till 1815 , Napoleon was a French military leader who rose to fame during the French Revolution. Napolean was a huge influence on civil war jurisdictions
  • Napoloen defeated at the battle of Waterloo

    Resulted in the end of the Napoleonic wars and the signing of the treaty of Paris
  • Us Civil War 1861-1865

    A war in the United States between the North and South over Slavery
  • Invention of the Car

    Steam Engine - 1866 Richard Dudgeon;
    Combustion engine - 1920's Henry Ford
  • Man's first powered flight

    The wright brothers made their first controlled, powered and sustained heavier than air human flight
  • Mexican Revolution 1910-1920

    Lasting until around 1920, a major armed struggle that started with uprisings from FRANCISCO I, went from a revolt to a civil war with many sides and is one of the most sociopolitical events in Mexico which led to a Mexican constitution
  • Chinese Republican Revolution (End of Emperor)

    Occurred after the Qing Dynasty in 1912, this led to the end of two thousand years of imperial war
  • Period: to

    World War I

  • Assassination of Franz Ferdinand

    took place in Sarajevo where both he and his wife were killed by Serbian military conspirators
  • US enters the war

    President Wilson was reluctant because of how many people were divided on the war in Europe but joined to help allies
  • Bolshevik Revolution

  • Armistice

    commemorates the armistice signed between the allies of world war 1 (armistice – a situation of warring parties who agree to stop fighting)
  • Germany Surrenders

    marked a victory for the allies and a complete defeat for Germany – but not technically surrender
  • Period: to

    World War II

  • Germany invades Poland

    Germany wanted to enlarge its empire, was considered the cause of ww1
  • Pearl Harbor

    the attack of the Hawaiian naval base by the Japanese
  • Atomic Bombs Dropped August 6, and August 9 1945

    Little Boy was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945; Fat Man was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945
  • Japan Surrenders

    Japan had become incapable of continuing in the war
  • Churchill's "Iron Curtain" Speech - Fulton, MO

    Taking place at Westminster College, The speech symbolized the dividing line between the enemy fighting
  • Berlin Airlift 1948-1949

    Daily airlift which brought supplies to Berlin after Soviet tried to limit food to gain control
  • Communists Takeover China - 1949

    Final stage of the Chinese Civil War
  • Korean War 1950-1953

    A war between the republic of Korea and Democratic Korea
  • Vietnam War begins

    Began in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia
  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

    War fought between North Vietnam and South Vietnam
  • Berlin Wall Constructed

    Wall that severed West Berlin and East Berlin
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Soviets built missile site in Cube, to retaliate, the US put missile sites in Turkey
  • JFK Assassination

    Took Place in Texas – Kennedy was the 35th president
  • Tet Offensive

    The Tet offensive came after a broken truce between the People of Vietnam and the Republic of Vietnam
  • Man Walks on the Moon

    Apollo 11 landed the first humans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin
  • Woodstock

    Music Festival which shaped the hippie era
  • Watergate Scandal

    President Richard Nixons’ (republican) had people secretly taped the democratic parties – Nixon resigned due to this ( he lied upfront about the tapes)
  • Last American's leave Vietnam

    US soldiers were welcomed back by the citizens
  • Tiananmen Square Protest - 1989

    Ran mostly by students angered by economic reforms
  • End of Apartheid and Nelson Mandela's release

    Nelson Mandela’s release led to the breakup of the Apartheid system
  • Re-Unification of Germany

    German Democratic Republic joined the Federal Republic of Germany
  • USSR ends

    This event marks the end of the Cold War