Cuba By castro_timeline Jan 1, 1953 First Revolt Fidel Castro leads an unsuccessful revolt against Batista. Oct 29, 1956 Guerrilla Army Castro recruits a guerrilla army, aided by Che Guevara. Period: Jan 24, 1959 to Jan 1, 2008 Castro's Regime Jan 27, 1959 Castro Wins Castro overthrows Batista with a 9000-man guerrilla army, Mar 26, 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis Castro allows the USSR to deploy nuclead missiles in Cuba. May 24, 1965 Communism Castro officially becomes the first (and only) communist leader of the Western Hemisphere. Jan 1, 1967 Spread of Revoluton Castro attempts to spread Communism to the rest of Latin America. Che Guevara is murdered by the Bolivian government troops. Period: Jan 24, 1975 to Jan 24, 1985 International Support Castro supports revolutions in Angola, Ethiopia, etc Jan 24, 2006 Castro steps down Fidel's health declines after abdominal surgery. He hands control of the government to Raul (his brother). Feb 19, 2008 Fidel Castro retires Fidel Castro retires and Raul becomes president.