Cold War 1945 - 1953

  • Yalta Conference

    Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met in Krimea. They decided to devide Germany in four areas of occupation in orther to achieve it's unconditional defeat.
  • Roosevelt died

  • Potsdam Conference

    Churchill, Stalin and Truman met at Potsdam
  • Atomic bombs were dropped in Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    The US dropped an a-bomb first on Hiroshima on August 6th and then on Nagasaki on Agust 9th
  • Period: to

    Formation of the Soviet Bloc

  • Churchill’s Iron Curtain speech

    Churchill declared that from Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an Iron curtain had descended along the continent.
    It is considered the official declaration of the cold war and the now bipolar world.
  • Truman Doctrine

    It was made to prevent the spread of Communism and protect the lives of “Freedom loving peoples”. It set the language in which Americans would view the world: America = free, Communism = tyrannical.
    The speech set a precedent for American assistance to anti-communist regimes all over the world.

    The Communist Information Bureau was an international alliance that promoted ideological unity among the communist parties in Europe, giving the USSR more political control over them.
  • Marshal Plan

    Response to economic chaos in Europe, used US aids to fight economic instability. Western Europe was rebuilt and by 1950 production levels and industry eclipsed to pre-war numbers. Japan was also rebuilt.
  • Berlin Blockade

    Stalin cut-off the roads to West Berlin
  • Period: to

    Berlin Airlift

    In response to Stalin’s blockade, Americans flew the supplies to West Berlin.
  • China became communist


    Council for Mutual Economic Assistance was founded in by the USSR. Its aim was to improve the economy of the countries that were part of the Soviet Bloc
  • NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization

    Alliance between the US and the Western European nations, it gave them perision to station American troops on these countries if necessary.
  • The USSR developed their first Atomic Bomb

    The US no longer had a monopoly on that aspect.
  • Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance

    Mutual defense trety between China and the USSR
  • Outbreak of the Korean war

  • Atomic bombs were upgraded to hydrogene bombs

  • Eisenhower is elected Presiden president of the US

  • Stalin died

  • Korean artmistice

    Both sides agreed an armistice and recognized the 38th parallel as a temporary dividing line between North Korea and South Korea. However,the division has not been eliminated and remains to this day.