Civil War Timeline

By bayc0n
  • Abolitiom

    the movement to abolish slavery
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Mainew admitted as a free state and Missouri as a slave state
    Louisiana Territory split into two, dividing line set at 3630 north latitude, south of line were slave states, north excluding Missouri were free states
  • Santa Fe Trail

    Santa Fe Trail
    Series of old Native American trails
    stretched 780 miles from Independence Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico. For first 150 miles traders traveled individually but after that they travel in groups of up to 100 wagons bc of the fear of Native attacks
  • San Felipe de Austin

    San Felipe de Austin
    The main settlement of the colony was named San Felipe de Austin, in
    Stephen’s honor. By 1825, Austin had issued 297 land grants to the group that later
    became known as Texas’s Old Three Hundred. Each family received either 177 very
    inexpensive acres of farmland, or 4,428 acres for stock grazing, as well as a 10-year
    exemption from paying taxes
    Stephen F Austin : established a colony where “no drunkard, no gambler, no profan
    swearer, and no idler” would be allowed.
  • The Liberator

    The Liberator
    William Lloyd Garrison. Active in religious reform movements
    in Massachusetts, Garrison became the editor of an antislavery paper in 1828.
    Three years later he established his own paper, The Liberator, to deliver an uncompromising
    demand: immediate emancipation.
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion

    Nat Turner's Rebellion
    In August 1831, Turner and more than 50 followers attacked four
    plantations and killed about 60 whites. Whites eventually captured and executed
    many members of the group, including Turner.
  • Oregon Trail

    Oregon Trail
    Stretched from Independence Missouri to Oregon City, Oregon
    Blazed in by 2 methodist missionaries named Marcus and Narcissa Whitman, they showed that you could get to Oregon on a wagon. Following their lead many decided to migrate west
  • Texas Revlution

    Texas Revlution
    Rebellion in which Texas gained its independence from Mexico.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    Belief that the US was meant to be expanded towards the Pacific Ocean and into Mexican and Native lands. Americans believed that it was inevitable (not avoidable)
  • Texas enters the US

    Texas enters the US
    Texans killed 630 of Santa Anna’s soldiers in 18 minutes
    and captured Santa Anna himself. The Texans set Santa Anna free only after
    he signed the Treaty of Velasco, which granted independence to Texas. In
    September 1836, Sam Houston was elected president of the new Republic of Texas.
  • Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas Debates

    Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas Debates
    The two men’s positions were simple and consistent.
    Neither wanted slavery in the territories,
    but they disagreed on how to keep it out. Douglas believed deeply in
    popular sovereignty. Lincoln, on the other hand, believed that slavery
    was immoral. However, he did not expect individuals to give up
    slavery unless Congress abolished slavery with an amendment.
  • Mexican American War

    Mexican American War
    April 25 1846-1848 war was initiated by Mexico and resulted in Mexico's defeat and the loss of approximately half of its national territory in the north.
  • The North Star

    The North Star
    In 1847, Fredrick Douglass began his own
    antislavery newspaper. He named it
    The North Star, after the star that
    guided runaway slaves to freedom
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    Mexico agreed to the Rio Grande as the border between Texas and Mexico and
    ceded the New Mexico and California territories to the United States. The United States agreed to pay $15 million for the Mexican cession, which included presentday
    California, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, most of Arizona, and parts of
    Colorado and Wyoming.
  • Underground Rail Road

    Underground Rail Road
    Harriet Tubman created it
    “Conductors” on the routes hid fugitives in
    secret tunnels and false cupboards, provided them with food and clothing,
    and escorted or directed them to the next “station.” Once fugitives
    reached the North, many chose to remain there. Others journeyed to
    Canada to be completely out of reach of their “owners.”
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    After obtaining support of the powerful
    Massachusetts senator Daniel Webster, Clay presented to the Senate a series of resolutions
    later called the Compromise of 1850.
    Clay’s compromise contained provisions to appease Northerners as well as
    Southerners. To please the North, the compromise provided that California beadmitted to the Union as a free state. To please the South, the compromise proposed
    a new and more effective fugitive slave law. To placate both sides, a provision
    allowed popular sov
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    Under the law,
    alleged fugitive slaves were not entitled to a trial by jury. In addition, anyone convicted
    of helping a fugitive was liable for a fine of $1,000 and imprisonment for
    up to six months. Infuriated by the Fugitive Slave Act, some Northerners resisted
    it by organizing “vigilance committees” to send endangered African Americans to
    safety in Canada. Others resorted to violence to rescue fugitive slaves. Still others
    worked to help slaves escape from slavery.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Beecher Stowe published her novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, which stressed
    that slavery was not just a political contest, but also a great moral struggle.
    As a young girl, Stowe had watched boats filled with people on
    their way to be sold at slave markets. Uncle Tom’s Cabin expressed her
    lifetime hatred of slavery. The book stirred Northern abolitionists to
    increase their protests against the Fugitive Slave Act, while Southerners criticized the book as an
    attack on the South
  • Kansas Nebraska Act

    Kansas Nebraska Act
    Senator Stephen Douglas
    dividing Kansas and by two since on 3630 parrellel
  • Dread Scott v Sanford

    Dread Scott v Sanford
    owner took him to free state and back to slave state
    argued that he was a free man when he was in the free state
    tried suing but didnt work, ogv said he lacks legal power bc not citizen
  • John Brown's riad/ Harpes Ferry

    John Brown's riad/ Harpes Ferry
    John Brown led a band of 21 men, black and white, into Harpers Ferry, Virginia
    (now West Virginia). His aim was to seize the federal arsenal there
    and start a general slave uprising
    killed afterwards
  • Abraham Lincoln Becomes president

    Abraham Lincoln Becomes president
    Lincoln appeared to be moderate
    in his views. Although he pledged to halt the further spread of slavery, he also
    tried to reassure Southerners that a Republican administration would not “interfere
    with their slaves, or with them, about their slaves.” Nonetheless, many
    Southerners viewed him as an enemy.
  • Conscription

    draft that forced men to serve in the army.
    In the North, conscription led to draft riots, the most violent of which took place in New York City. Sweeping changes occurred in the wartime economies of both sides as well as in the roles played by African Americans and women
  • Income Tax

    Income Tax
    Congress decided to help pay for the war by collecting the nation’s first income tax, a tax that takes a specified percentage of an individual’s income.
  • Formation of the COnfederacy

    Formation of the COnfederacy
    Lincoln’s victory convinced Southerners—who had
    viewed the struggle over slavery partly as a conflict between the states’ right of self-determination and federal government control—that they had lost their political voice in the national government, made in southern states
  • attack on Fort Sumter

    attack on Fort Sumter
    Confederate soldiers
    in each secessionist state began seizing federal installations—especially forts. By
    the time of Lincoln’s inauguration on March 4, 1861, only four Southern forts remained in Union hands. The most important was Fort Sumter, on an island in Charleston harbor.
  • The battle of bull run

    The battle of bull run
    The first bloodshed on the battlefield occurred about three months
    after Fort Sumter fell, near the little creek of Bull Run, just 25 miles from Washington, D.C. First confederate victory
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    McClellan ordered his men to pursue Lee, and the two
    sides fought on September 17 near a creek called the
    Antietam (Bn-tCPtEm). The clash proved to be the bloodiest
    single-day battle in American history, with casualties
    totaling more than 26,000. The next day, instead of pursuing
    the battered Confederate army into Virginia and possibly
    ending the war, McClellan did nothing. As a result,
    Lincoln removed him from command.
  • Battle at Gettysburg

    Battle at Gettysburg
    By the end of the first day of fighting, 90,000
    Union troops under the command of General George Meade had taken the field against 75,000 Confederates, led by General Lee. The three-day battle produced staggering losses: 23,000 Union men and 28,000 Confederates were killed or wounded. Total casualties were more than 30 percent. Despite the devastation, Northerners were enthusiastic about breaking “the charm of Robert Lee’s invincibility.” Confederates gave up
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    established by Lincoln to sieze the resources
    told slaves on confederate side that they can be free
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    President Lincoln spoke for a little more
    than two minutes. According to some contemporary historians, Lincoln’s
    Gettysburg Address “remade America.” Before Lincoln’s speech, people said,
    “The United States are . . .” Afterward, they said, “The United States is . . .” In
    other words, the speech helped the country to realize that it was not just a collection
    of individual states; it was one unified nation.
  • Battle of VIcksburg

    Battle of VIcksburg
    ant and his troops rushed to Vicksburg, hoping to take the city while the rebels were reeling from their losses. Grant ordered two frontal attacks on Vicksburg, neither of which succeeded. So, in the last week of May 1863, Grant settled in for a siege. He set up a steady barrage of artillery, shelling the city from both the river and the land for several hours a day, forcing the city’s residents into caves that they dug out of the yellow
    clay hillsides , ppl eat dogs bc food low
  • Sherman's march

    Sherman's march
    march southeast through
    Georgia to the sea, creating a
    wide path of destruction. His
    army burned almost every house
    in its path and destroyed livestock
    and railroads. Sherman was
    determined to make Southerners "sick of war"
    followed by 25k former slaves
  • thirteenth amendment

    thirteenth amendment
    Abolished slavery
  • Surrender at Appomattox Court House

    Surrender at Appomattox Court House
    Lee and Grant met at a private home to arrange a Confederate surrender. At Lincoln’s request, the terms were generous. Grant paroled Lee’s soldiers and sent them home with their possessions and three days’ worth of rations. Officers were permitted to keep their side arms. Within a month all remaining Confederate resistance collapsed. After four long years, the Civil War was over
  • Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
    John Wilkes Booth,
    southerner that supported slavery
    Ford's Theatre washington
  • Harriet Tubman

    Harriet Tubman
    born as slave, owners died, fear of being sold into slavery again, became conducter travel 19 times back and forth help people