Civil War Timeline

  • Abolition

    The idea that slavery should be abolished.
  • The Missouri Compromise

    The Missouri Compromise
    The compromise that decided every state below the 36th parallel would be a slave state and every state above that besides Missouri would be a free state.
  • The Sante Fe Trail

    A 780 mile trail from Independence, Missouri to Sante Fe, New Mexico that traders and settlers used.
  • San Felipe de Austin

    A settlement established by Stephen F. Austin where “no drunkard, no gambler, no profane swearer, and no idler” would be allowed.
  • Mexico abolishes Slavery

    This angered many Texans because many of them owned slaves.
  • Underground Railroad

    A route that runaway slaves used to escape to the North used by Harriet Tubman and other runaway slaves.
  • The Liberator

    An abolitionist newspaper that was published by William Lloyd Garrison.
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion

    An unsuccessful rebellion led by slave Nat Turner to be free which resulted in the death of about 60 whites and many blacks.
  • Arrest of Stephen F. Austin

    Santa Anna imprisoned Austin for presenting petitions of self government in Texas.
  • The Oregon Trail

    A trail from Independence, Missouri to Oregon City, Oregon
  • Texan Revolution

    The 1836 rebellion in which Texas gained its
    independence from Mexico.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    The idea that the United States was destined to conquer and spread American ideals from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.
  • Texas enters the United States

    This caused would later cause the Mexican-American War.
  • The Mexican-American War

    This war was fought over U.S. westward expansion into Mexican territory.
  • The North Star

    An antislavery newspaper founded by Frederick Douglass.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    This treaty ended the Mexican-American war and also allowed the U.S. to complete their westward expansion.
  • The Compromise of 1850

    A compromise to try and stop the arguments between slavery.
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    This removed the right for an escaped slave to have a trial and there were harsher punishments for people who helped escaped slaves.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    An antislavery novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Decided that slavery in Kansas and Nebraska would be decided on popular sovereignty.
  • Dred Scott vs Sandford

    Dred Scott sued for his freedom but wasn't considered a citizen.
  • Lincoln-Douglas Debates

    They were debating for the U.S. Senate seat. Their debates about slavery caused even more political tension.
  • John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry

    John Brown led 21 men to seize the federal arsenal and start a slave uprising.
  • Abraham Lincoln becomes president

    This caused outrage among southerners because Lincoln was an antislavery president.
  • Income tax

    A tax on the money made by a person.
  • Formation of the Confederacy

    In February 1861, the Confederate States of America was formed and Jefferson Davis becomes President
  • Attack on Fort Sumter

    On April 12th Confederates opened fire on Fort Sumter starting the Civil War.
  • Battle of Bull Run

    First battle won by confederates which increased their morale.
  • Battle of Antietam

    This battle was the bloodiest single day in the American history and where George B. McClellan relieved of command of the Union Command.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    This document stated that all slaves in The Confederacy would be free. This gave the Confederacy less of a reason to fight.
  • Conscription

    Conscription is the compulsory enlistment of soldiers.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    This battle was the turning point of the war and a step towards freedom.
  • Battle of Vicksburg

    This victory for the Union, helped shift the Union morale and proved Grant to be a good general.