Battle of concord

Civil War

By LikaG
  • Missouri Compromise 1820-1821

    Missouri Compromise 1820-1821
    Arguement whether Missouri should be a slave state or not. Compromise made Missouri a slave state and Maine a free state.
  • Sante Fe Trail

    Sante Fe Trail
    Transportation route through central North America that connected Franklin, Missouri with Santa Fe, New Mexico.
  • San Felipe de Austin

    San Felipe de Austin
    Settlement of Austin's colony where he gave land grants to people. Founded 1821 by Austin who was given permission from the Mexican Government.
  • Mexico abolishes slavery

    Mexico abolishes slavery
    Mexico wanted the Texans to abolish slavery because it wasn't believed in, in Mexico, but many Americans in Austin's colony had slaves and didn't want to free them.
  • Abolition

    Abolition, the movement to abolish slavery, became the most important of a series of reform movements in America.
  • The Liberator

    The Liberator
    An abolitionist newspaper founded by William Lloyd Garrison and Isaac Knapp in 1831. Supported the freedom of slaves and was very dangerous for Garrison.
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion

    Nat Turner's Rebellion
    Slave rebellion that took place in Southampton County, Virginia. Led by Nat Turner, rebel slaves killed about 55 to 65 people, which was the highest number of fatalities caused by any slave uprising in the South.
  • Stephen F. Austin goes to jail

    Stephen F. Austin goes to jail
    In Mexico City Austin was imprisoned for inciting
    revolution. Several riots broke out in Texas.
  • Texas Revolution

    Texas Revolution
    When Stephen F. Austin was in jail, there were several rebel attacks and one was called Texas Revolution. People were outraged because ,of it.
  • Oregon Trail

    Oregon Trail
    For traders, mountain men, and fur trappers, but later used by settlers. 1836 it was being used by bands of wagons to travel west through states; Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Idaho, Oregon. Proved the settlement to the west was possible.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    Belief that the expansion of the US throughout the American continents was both justified and inevitable.
  • Texas enters the United States

    Texas enters the United States
    A lot of controversy on whether Texas should enter as free or slave state because the United states want balance between the two different state laws. Took abour six months to come to decision.
  • Mexican-American War

    Mexican-American War
    Mexico and the UNited States were going to war mostly because of Texas joining Union. U.S. also entered Texas as a slave state which was one of the main reasons why the Texas revolution started, and the Mexican goverenment didn't agree with it.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hildalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hildalgo
    Ended the Mexican-American war and made peace between both countries. The U.S. payed $15 million for the Mexican cession, which had current states California, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, most of Arizona, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Five separate bills passed by the United States Congress, which solved a four-year political confrontation between slave and free states about the status of territories gained from the Mexican–American War.
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    Part of the Compromise of 1850 between Southern slave-holding interests and Northern Free-Soilers. Gave bounty for runaway slaves and a lot of times free African Americans were captured.
  • The North Star

    The North Star
    Newspaper about abolishing slavery written by Fredrick Douglass. Named after the North star because it represented freedom for runaway slaves and was inspired by Garrison.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Harriet Beecher Stowe was author and helped put some sort of a start to the engine errupting the civil war. Stowe got the story from Tubman.
  • Underground Railroad

    Underground Railroad
    Harriet Tubman helped start the secret network of the Underground Railroad. Was a network of antislavery activists who helped slaves escape from the South.
  • Harriet Tubman

    Harriet Tubman
    Ran away after her Master died (was past slave) because of fear of new master and decided to be conductor of Underground Railroad. Made 19 trips back to the South and is said to have helped 300 slaves, including her parents run to freedom.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    Allowed people in Nebraska and Kansas to decide whether slavery is allowed in their borders or not. The Act served to repeal the Missouri Compromise of 1820. Stephen A. Douglas proposed the act.
  • Dred Scott v. Sandford

    Dred Scott v. Sandford
    Supreme Court ruled that African Americans, whether free or slave, were not American citizens and couldn't sue in federal court. The Court also ruled that Congress lacked power to ban slavery in the U.S. territories. Scott tried to sue his way to freedom with his wife because his owner traveled to free state and then back to slave state. Slavery was the biggest problem at the time.
  • Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas Debate

    Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas Debate
    7 debates held in Illinois in different districts and it attracted large crowds. Main point in the debates were slavery and many newspaper writers were there too, some edited Douglas speeches and others that supported Lincoln edited his speechs before sending them on newspapers. Helped with presidency, speech for first candidate was 60min. and other was 90min. then the first candidate was offered another 30min. and it put the first candidate to say their speech a kind of advantage.
  • John Brown's raid/Harpers Ferry

    John Brown's raid/Harpers Ferry
    Abolitionist John Brown was the leader of a group of .21 both white and black menand were going to take over a arsenal in west virginia and give weapons to the slaves. They were put down and tried and were exectuted. Violent reactions on both sides.
  • Abraham Lincoln becomes president

    Abraham Lincoln becomes president
    First president from Republican party. He beat Democrat Stephen A. Douglas, John C. Breckinridge of the Southern Democrats, and John Bell of the new Constitutional Union Party. Later caused South Carolina to secede from the Union.
  • Formation of the Confederacy

    Formation of the Confederacy
    The Confederate States of America was a republic composed of eleven Southern states that seceded from the Union in order to preserve slavery, states' rights, and political liberty for whites. They were furious with the northern states and didn't want at anytime free their slaves most importantly.
  • Attack on Fort Sumter

    Attack on Fort Sumter
    Lincoln decided to neither abandon Fort Sumter nor reinforce it. He sent food and supplies to the 85 troops in Fort Sumter and that made the Confederates strike and bombard Fort Sumter and made North and South prepare for war.
  • Battle of Bull Run

    Battle of Bull Run
    Fought in Virginia and was first major land battle fought in war. Confederacy won battle and showed weakness in the Union. The Union army was flanked and was forced to retreat.
  • Income Tax

    Income Tax
    Lincoln helped make the first federal income tax by signing the Revenue Act which used the money for Civil War. Lincoln and Congress agreed to impose a 3 percent tax on annual which incomes over $800.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    The Union put up a good fight and almosted ended the day with a victory for the Union, but Confederate reinforcements came and made battle a little more intense. Ended in a draw, but the Confederates did retreat and gave Lincoln the "victory" that he wanted before issuing the Emancipation Proclamation. Single most bloodiest day in American military history.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Freed all slaves in rebellion states, which was probably all slaves because most slave states/territories were rebellion states. It gave Union more manpower and gave the Confederacy no hopes of foriegn allies because the foriegn countries already outlawed slavery.
  • Conscription

    Required all men to fight in the war. Caused many riot and most violent one took place in New York city.
  • Battle at Vicksburg

    Battle at Vicksburg
    Final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. Siege from Union and they succeed and split the Confederacy in two, they took out capital. They caputured Mississippi and cut communications between western Cofederacy and Confederacy headquarters.
  • Battle at Gettysburg

    Battle at Gettysburg
    Union won and had about 23,000 casualities while the Confederacy had 28,000 casualties which was about 1/3 of his army. Turned tide of war and Confederacy could never get ahead after the battle and lost hope of foriegn assistance.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    Dedication of Soldier's National Cemetery which was a cemetery for Union soldiers killed at the Battle Of Gettysburg during the American Civil War. Help people realize it wasn't a collection of individual states but unified nation.
  • Sherman's March

    Sherman's March
    Sherman with about 60,000 troops went on 285 mile to the sea from Georgia. It was total war and he had total destruction of anything in his path and wanted to scare civilians to stop supporting the Cofederacy. It got people a bit sick of war and scared and angered the Cofederacy. Union got Atlanta without a real fight/battle and burned most of city, which was one of the most important city to Confederate army.
  • Surrender at Appomattox Court House

    Surrender at Appomattox Court House
    Surrender documents were signed in the parlor of the house owned by Wilmer McLean. Signaled end of war, Union surrounded the Cofederate forces and blocked them from getting any reinforcements. Lee and Grant met and terms were generous. Grant paroled Lee’s soldiers and sent them home with their possessions and three days’ worth of rations and Officers were permitted to keep their side arms.
  • Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
    Abraham was at Ford's Theatre and was watching "Our American Cousin" and on the third act he was shot on the back of the head. John Wilkes Booth was a 26-year-old actor that shot Abraham, he escaped but was cornered by Union Calavry and was shot dead.
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    Thirteenth Amendment
    Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.