Old English (Anglo-Saxon)Invasion of Celtic England(450-1066) Norman france, under William conquer Englang.
oral literature. Poets as Caedmon and Cynewulf, also called Anglo-Saxon, language spoken and written in England before 1100.Four dialects of the Old English language are known: Northumbrian in northern England and southeastern Scotland.
The Vikings firts made their presence felt in Britain in 780s.
Despide the extensive period of settlement, and Danish becoming the language of power for a generation.
The venerable BedeAnglo-Saxon theologian, historian, and chronologist. St. Bede is best known for his Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (“Ecclesiastical History of the English People”)
Middle English periodThe middle period sees a huge transition in the language and culture.
The vernacular spoken and written in England from about 1100 to about 1500, the descendant of the Old English language and the ancestor of Modern English
topics by religion and nature (1350)
chauser, thomas Malory and Robert Henryson " piers plowman" and "sir gawanand the green knight"
It came between the Roma empire and the beginning of the modern age.
the dark ages Europe in the middle had feudalism.
The renaissanceThe Elizabethan age (1558- 1603)
The jacobean age (1603- 1625)
The Caroline age (1625- 1649)
The Common wealth period (1649- 1660)
The Renaissance promoted the rediscovery of classical philosophy, literature and art. Some of the greatest thinkers, authors, statesmen, scientists and artists in human history thrived during this era.
The name of renaissance is a french word translating to rebirth. it simbolised the beginning of a new era of art.
Elizabeth AgeThe Elizabethan era is the period of English history associated with the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603). However, many critics expand the term to include the changes that started to take place in England and therefore in the English literature since the Renaissance, precisely, from the death of Chaucer (1400) and continued until the death of Shakespeare, in 1616.
Sir Walter Raleigh
The neoclassical periodNeoclassical literature was written between 1660 and 1798. This time period is broken down into three parts: the Restoration period, the Augustan period, and the Age of Johnson.
Novelist to explore include Samuel Richardson
The Jacobean AgeJacobean literature begins with the drama, including some of Shakespeare's greatest, and darkest, plays. The dominant literary figure of James's reign was Ben Jonson, whose varied and dramatic works followed classical models and were enriched by his worldly, peculiarly English wit.
Wlliam ShakespeareHe then wrote mainly tragedies until 1608, among them Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth, all considered to be among the finest works in the English language.
They were two long poems, 'Venus and Adonis' (1593) and 'The Rape of Lucrece' (1594).
Shakespeare wrote many of his most famous tragedies, such as King Lear and Macbeth, as well as great romances, like The Winter’s Tale and The Tempest.
The Caroline AgeThe age of named after Charles I who reigned over England. "Caroline" is derived from "carolus". There was a long civil war between cavaliers and roundlheads.
The group of lyrics poets associated with the cavaliers are cavalier poets.
Despite the wealth of writing produced in this period, Caroline literature has not been as widely studied as the acknowledged ‘golden age’ that preceded it.
The commonwealth periodEnd of the English civil war. it is hard to place the " commonwealth men" al all exactly in that complex of changes which constitute the renaissance.
They resorted to the formula of the commonwealth in a spirit of deliverate conservatism.
The Restoration (1660-1700)The period of Restoration, monarchy was restored in England, and Charles II, the son of Charles I who had been defeated and beheaded, came back to England from his exile in France and became the King.
The restoration period sees some response to the puritanical age.
comedies: William Congrave- Jhon Dryden
Satire: Samuel Butler
others: Aphra Behen
John Bunyan - John Locke
The Augustan Age(1700-1745)The age of the emperor Augustus was the golden period, Classical age of Roman Empire Latin literature.
Their emphasis was on order and reason, on restraint, on common sense and on religious, political, economic and philosophical conservatism. Alexander pope
Lady Mary Wortley
The age of sensibilityThe period in British literature between roughly 1740 and 1800 is sometimes called “the Age of Sensibility,” in recognition of the high value that many Britons came to place on explorations of feeling and emotion in literature and the other arts.
The romantic period (1785-1832)Romantic period, but tipically when one speaks of romanticism:In England, the Romantic poets were at the very heart of this movement. They were inspired by a desire for liberty, and they denounced the exploitation of the poor. There was an emphasis on the importance of the individual; a conviction that people should follow ideals rather than imposed conventions and rules.
william Blake: poems the tyger, London the lamb
Lord Byron: poems she walks in beauty
Jane Austen: Sense and sensibility
Romanticism -french revolutionRomanticism was nothing short of a revolution in how poets understood their art, its provenance, and its powers: ever since, English-language poets have furthered that revolution or formulated reactions against it.
John Keats: “On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer”
Charles Lamb: A Dramatic Fragment.
Percy Bysshe: "Ozymandias”.
Mary Shelly- author of Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus
Allan PoePoe self-published his first book, Tamerlane and Other Poems, in 1827. His second poetry collection, Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems, was published in 1829.
"The Tell-Tale Heart,”
“The Raven,” and
“The Fall of the House of Usher.”
victorian periodThis period named for the reing of queen Victoria. The Reform Bill of 1832 gave the middle class the political power it needed to consolidate?and to hold?the economic position it had already achieved. Industry and commerce burgeoned. While the affluence of the middle class increased, the lower classes, thrown off their land and into the cities to form the great urban working class, lived ever more wretchedly.
EarlyAuthors: Elizabeth and Robert Barrett.
She write the cry of the children
Thomas Carlyle: Sartor Resartus
MidCristina Rossetti : globin market and other poems (1862)
Mattheus Arnold: Sohrab and Rustum
John Ruskin: the italian school design
Herman MelvilleMelville had promised his publishers for the autumn of 1850 the novel that became Moby Dick.
Gorge Eliot- victorian periodGeorge Eliot was Mary Ann Evans In 1850, Eliot began contributing to the 'Westminster Review', a leading journal for philosophical radicals, and later became its editor.Her other novels include 'The Mill on the Floss' (1860), 'Silas Marner' (1861), 'Romola' (1863), 'Middlemarch' (1872) and 'Daniel Deronda' (1876)
Latecharles Dickens was a novelist, journalist and editor. he wrote novels as a oliver twist, a chritsmas Carol, Nicholas Nickleby, Dvid Copperfield, a tale of two citiesand great expectation.
Thomas HardyAs a novelist he is best known for his work set in the semi-fictionalized county of Wessex including, Tess of the d'Urbervilles and Jude the Obscure. He was also an accomplished poet.
Edwardian periodThe beginning of the Edwardian era (1901-1914) marked the end of the longest reign to in British history to that date: that of Queen Victoria. With the advent of a new monarch and a new century, Edwardian writers created protagonists who looked introspectively, and thought critically about the moralism and technological advances of the previous era.
The period between victorian's death and the outbreak of world war I.
Georgian period (1910- 1936)The reign of George V and include the reigns of the 4 seccesive.
Themes rural or pastoral in nature.
The origins of Georgian literature date to the 4th century, when the Georgian people were converted to Christianity and a Georgian alphabet was developed.
Ralph HodgsonIt published his collection The Mystery (1913). Hodgson received the Edmond de Polignac Prize in 1914
Rupert BrookeEnglish poet, a wellborn, gifted, handsome youth whose early death in World War I contributed to his idealized image in the interwar period. His best-known work is the sonnet sequence 1914.
Modern period ( 1914)The modern period applies to works written after the start of world war I.
The period saw an abrupt break away from the old ways of interacting with the world. In all the previous periods experimentation and individualism were highly discouraged but With the onset of the modern period both these things became virtues. common features include bold experimentation with subjects matter style and forms encompassing narrative, verse and drama.
James Joyce: Ulysses (1922) and Finnegans Wake (1939).
Aldous Huxley: 1936 novel Eyeless in Gaza,
Josep conrand: The novels Lord Jim (1900), Nostromo (1904),
H.G wellsEnglish journalist sociologist and historian:
The time machine
The war of the worlds
Virginia WoolfIn 1925, Woolf received rave reviews for Mrs. Dalloway, her fourth novel. in 1919, and that same year Virginia published Night and Day
Dorothy RicharsonDorothy Richarson: Pointed Roofs, 1915; Backwater, 1916; Honeycomb, 1917; The Tunnel, 1919; Interim, 1919; Deadlock, 1921; Revolving Lights, 1923; The Trap, 1925; Oberland, 1927; Dawn’s Left Hand, 1931; Clear Horizon, 1935; the last part, Dimple Hill.
Graham green: Stamboul Train (1932)
Wilfred Owens: Hydra, a journal he edited in 1917
William ButlerHis early accomplishments include The Wanderings of Oisin and Other Poems (1889) and such plays as The Countess Cathleen (1892) and Deirdre (1907). In 1923, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Dylan ThomasDylan Thomas: Year's Poetry
Robert Graves: His more than 120 books also include a notable historical novel, I, Claudius (1934); an autobiographical classic of World War I, Good-Bye to All That.
William Empson: Seven Types of Ambiguity: A Study of Its Effects on English Verse.
Edward MarshMarsh edited The Collected Poems of Rupert Brooke (1918) and Georgian Poetry (1912–22), a five-volume anthology of modern poetry. He translated the French poet Jean de La Fontaine’s Fables (1931) and The Odes of Horace (1941)
The postmodern period 1945The postmodern period begings about the time that world war II. It is a form of literature that is characterized by the use of metafiction, unreliable narration, self-reflexivity, intertextuality, and which often thematizes both historical and political issues.
Joseph HellerJoseph Heller: The Atlantic Monthly and two more in Esquire.
John MasefieldThe best known works are the children's novels The Midnight Folk and The Box of Delights, and the poems The Everlasting Mercy and "Sea-Fever".
Samuel BeckettSamuel Beckett: Waiting for Godot.
Harold Pinter: as an English playwright, poet, screenwriter, director, actor who won the 2005 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Caryl Churchill: Her three earliest plays, Downstairs (produced 1958), Having a Wonderful Time (produced 1960), and Easy Death (produced 1962)
The comtemporary periodThe events that brought this era about were the realization of the holocaust and the power of the atomic bomb, the wars America had with Korea, Vietnam, and the USSR, and the Civil Rights Movement. "Postmodernism" signals works that were created after Modernism and were characterized by multiple qualities