Chinese immigration and great migration

  • chinese exclusion act

    In the spring of 1882, the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed by Congress and signed by President Chester A. Arthur.
  • Geary Act

    When the exclusion act expired in 1892, Congress extended it for 10 years in the form of the Geary Act. This extension, made permanent in 1902, added restrictions by requiring each Chinese resident to register and obtain a certificate of residence. Without a certificate, she or he faced deportation.
  • the first migration

    The first large movement of blacks occurred during World War I, when 454,000 black southerners moved north.
  • Great Migration starts

    The Great Migration was the mass movement of about five million southern blacks to the north and west between 1915 and 1960.
  • wave 2 of migration

    In the 1920s, another 800,000 blacks left the south
  • wave 3 of migration

    followed by 398,000 blacks in the 1930s.
  • Period: to

    final wave of migration

    Between 1940 and 1960 over 3,348,000 blacks left the south for northern and western cities.
  • immagration act of 1965

    Immigration Act of 1965. Effective July 1, 1968, a limit of 170,000 immigrants from outside the Western Hemisphere could enter the United States, with a maximum of 20,000 from any one country.
  • imagration act of 1990

    The Immigration Act of 1990 provided the most comprehensive change in legal immigration since 1965. The act established a “flexible” worldwide cap on family-based, employment-based, and diversity immigrant visas.