Chapter 18 Timeline The Age of Reform

By scsada
  • Tarbell begins to write for McClures

    Ida Tarbell began to write for McClure's magazine in 1890. She started out writing popular stories for the magazine. Then in 1900 she was assigned to investigate Standard Oil. After Tarbell's investigation she published her findings in 19 articles on Standard Oil's business practices. Five years before she passed away, Tarbell wrote her autobigraphy called All in the Day's Work.
  • McClure's Magazine

    This magazine was founded in 1893. The founder was the reform-minded Scots-Irish immigrant S.S. McClure. This national magazine helped to spread the reform message. This magazine was a muckracking magazine and explored corruption in business as well as social problems.
  • Janne Addams urges private citizens to show more responsibility

    In 1902, Jane Addams wrote the book, "Democracy and Social Ethics". In this she explained that she believed private citizens should show more social responsibilty. Even though Addams wanted to transform U.S. society and the values of society, she mainly remained committed to democracy.
  • Kelley helps to organize the National Child Labor Committee

    Florence Kelley wanted to persuade state legislatures to pass certain laws. These laws were mainly against employing young children. Kelley organized the National Child Labor Committee to enfore the passing of these laws.
  • Muller V Oregon

    In 1908 a employer declared a ten hour workday law unjust. Louis D Brandeis argued against this by stating the health risks that a long workday caused. The court ruled that the law was just and Brandeis's defense became a model for others to use.
  • Ella Young becomes superintendent of schools

    In the year 1909 Ella Young became the superintendent of Chicago schools. This was the first time a woman had recieved a job shuch as this in a major city. Young promoted public education by raising teachers' salaries.
  • Higher Wagers are wanted

    Progressive reforms wanted higher wages in 1910. Around 30 million men were emplyed in 1910. Only, 7.5 million women were employed. Around one third of them lived in poverty. Two years later Massachusetts passed the nation's first minimum wage law.
  • Society Of American Indians

    In 1911, 50 American Indians formed the Society of American Indians. They attempted to improve education, health civil rights and local government for their people. This effort later caused more attempts at rights for American Indians.
  • Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire

    In the New York Triangle Shirtwaist Factory around 500 workers were beginning to quit thier work when a fire started in a rag bin. Soon the 10 story building was filled with flames. 143 workers died in the fire before firefighters contained the fire. Most of them young, immigrant women. This caused a fire safety code to be created in New York.
  • States seek hardships in Child Labor.

    The organiztion of the National Child Labor Committee in 1904 helped to put down child labor. This committee was a great succession. By 1912, 39 states had agreed to pass child-labor laws. Also, some other states limited older children's employment to 8 to 10 hours a day. This prevented them from working during the night and in dangerous times.
  • 18th Amendment; Prohibition

    In 1917 congress proposed the 18th Amendment which outlawed alcohol.This Amendment was strongly opposed however. In 1933 this amendment was repealed.