Railroad StrikesCauses: Response to cuts in workers' wages.
Effects: Set the scene for violent strikes to come.
Haymarket SquareCauses: Part of a campaign to achieve an eight-hour workday.
Effects: Americans became wary of labor unions; the Knights of Labor were blamed for the riot and membership declined.
Homestead StrikeCauses: Economic depression led to cuts in steelworkers' wages
Effects: After losing the standoff, steelworker unions lost power throughout the country
Pullman StrikeCauses: Wages cut without decrease in the cost of living in the company town
Effects: Employers used the courts to limit the influence of unions.